On the contrary, submission also has some limitations. When people are instructed, they have capacities to do evil and blind obedience sometimes leads to disasters. Being obedient to a reassuring leader will make it easy to win a war. In the American Revolutionary War, George Washington acted a pivotal part. Before he was appointed to be the president, all the decisions had to be made by the Continental Congress.
They feared a strong central government, as active opponents of the English government and argued that giving too much power to the federal government could lead to tyranny. Alexander counters Jefferson’s argument stating that the “Elastic Clause” and Amendment X gave Congress the right to make laws that are “necessary and proper” to carry out other powers given to Congress. His argument was the bank could be constitutionally created to help Congress in the tasks that were constitutionally given, such as taxation. Alexander’s views were later accepted and his loose interpretations of “necessary and proper” are still the basis of how laws are passed by Congress
In document C there are the 3 branches of government and arrows pointing from one to the other telling us how each branch checks one another. Some of these are, the president can veto different laws if he does not like them, but Congress can override this veto and pass the law anyways if they have a majority vote to override it. The Courts can declare acts of either branch as unconstitutional. Congress can also impeach members of any other branch and can remove them from office. All of this means that whatever one branch does, it must go through the other two so no corrupt laws can be passed.
Checks and Balances is defined a system in which the different parts of an organization (such as a government) have powers that affect and control the other parts so that no part can become too powerful (Webster). One branch may require the approval authority of another to take a certain action or appointment to a position may require the approval of another branch. An example of checks and balances would be the Judiciary branch ensuring Congress laws and the Presidents laws are constitutional. Some other examples would be the President nominating judges for the Judiciary, Congress power to impeach the President, and the President has to obtain the approval of the Senate before treaties with foreign nations become valid. Even Congress being a bicameral legislature can be viewed as a small form of checks and balances seeing how one chamber has to get its bills approved by the other before it can go to the
In Conclusion Thomas Paine was able to prove that monarchies weren’t the correct form of government for the Europe and much less the American colonies. He demonstrates how monarchs can have a severe impact on many people both directly and indirectly. Paine also manages to establish a precedent in which society was able to prosper and be at peace before monarchs took over. Domat’s belief in absolute monarchies is flawed because even though it similar to other natural relationships the one between monarch and subject is just one in which the monarch holds all the power and and can abuse of that
Although the Court acknowledged that "the threat that the new Federal Government would destroy the citizens ' militia by taking away their arms was the reason that [the] right…was codified in a written Constitution." The Court asserted that "individual self-defense…was the central component of the right itself" (Issues & Controversies). The creators of the Second Amendment knew that the government could potentially have the power to take the freedom of the people 's individual right to carry arms. To ensure that they could not do such thing, they placed the Second Amendment in our Constitution. Not surprisingly, our founding fathers were not just worried about a militia to protect the new nation, as asserted by those who say the Second Amendment is a collective right, they were emphatic that the citizens could rise against the republic should it become corrupt (Halbrook, Stephen P., and Calif).
Thomas Paine gives three reasons in his text “Common Sense” (1776) as to why the colonists should take up their arms against Great Britain. First, Britain’s enemies are our enemies. Secondly, Britain will only leave the future generations with debt. Lastly, the British rule has tyrannized the colonies for too long. One reason Paine gives the colonies to take up arms again Britain is because America would not have any enemies.
This would help to form a framework from amassing too much power centered onto one single branch of government. One that powers would be split between an executive, and legislature, and judicial branch. This response would allow for the passing of the Constitution with the compromise of adding the Bill of Rights. The checks and balances system is discussed extensively in Federalist 51. Written by James Madison says “for
Robert, I agree with you. The Monroe Doctrine was meant to send a message to the world. In fact, it was synonymous of independence and nationalism in America. Europe and other countries could pose a threat with their wars and wish of colonization. Monroe was definitely setting boundaries by saying that America would oppose European powers from trying to colonize the territory.
And like every political battle in the Senate, the Legislation and the Judicial branches of our government, when a president stands in the way of justice and freedom – charges can be brought to impeach. That does not mean it is always carried out, even if trials go one tediously. Ambiguous technicalities were defended well on Johnson’s behalf, and moderate Republicans had concern of upending the balance of the three branches of government afore mentioned. And like many political maneuvers that go on behind the scenes of trials and tribulations of American life and politics, Johnson made the promise to appoint a new Secretary of War, General John M. Scholfield and to relent in the obstruction of Reconstruction. Upon these few facts, his acquittal came with a one vote shy of the two-thirds majority needed to impeach
He favored going to war with Great Britain. He also served in the United States House of Representatives and was Secretary of War under James Monroe and Secretary of State under John Tyler. John Calhoun argued that states or groups could nullify, which meant to cancel, a federal law. Calhoun also argued that the states had the power to decide whether federal laws are constitutional. Calhoun said that it is to allow the
George Washington was correct in his warning about the political parties. Washington had spoken of the dangers in his farewell speech. He also “warned that political factions gaining enough power could seek to obstruct the execution of the laws that were created by Congress and could prevent the three branches from properly performing their duties that were outlined in the Constitution”.
Also, these two presidents were able to use public information as a tool for their causes, and it helped to gather support. Woodrow Wilson also sided with the pro-imperialists, believing that the United States had the right to do with these nations as they pleased. It was after both World Wars that arguments and actions occurred against extensions of presidential power. The author mentioned that Dean Acheson, who was President Harry S. Truman’s Secretary of State, criticized the right of the president to be able to use American troops in executing foreign policy, while the Congress has no say in the matter. Also, this was followed by actions by the Supreme Court to say “that Truman had gone beyond his authority by moving to take over strike-bound mills to ensure the steady production of war material”.
Executive Orders are orders that are legally executed by the president. “Executive Orders are generally used to direct federal agencies and officials in their execution of congressionally established laws or policies. However, in many instances they have been used to guide agencies in directions contrary to congressional intent.” Those executed laws have full power when they take authority from the legislative branch. There is not much of a difference between executive orders and law. Executive orders have to be obeyed unless they are overturned by capable authority.
In Document A, it is clearly stated that James Madison, a main contributor to the Constitution, wanted “[a] compound republic of America” to provide a “double security” for our rights. As both central and state governments in the compound republic have different functions, this helps keep our states in a union while letting the states stay independent. In other words, Madison wanted federalism in our country. Because both state and local governments check each other due to their separate