Losing a battle to illness is devastating and utterly heartbreaking. With addiction, it is quite often that people fail and fall into their old habits. Others simply don’t want to be sober. In How to Help Someone with an Opioid Addiction, published by the Chicago Sun Times, the author lists ways for friends and family members to assist in the process of sobriety. But, what if it doesn’t work? This question is addressed in the third section of the article. For that reason, the author writes with a rhetoric of pathos to encourage the reader to persevere and also purchase Naloxone, a drug which can alter the effects of opioids in case of emergency.
“An Occurrence at Owl Bridge Creek” takes place in the Southern United States during the American Civil War. One thing to remember about the Civil War is that most of the fighting took place on southern soil, and for the Union to succeed in winning the war, their forces had to conquer the South. Not only that, but due to the agriculture being so profitable in the South, few southerners saw a need for industrial development, which resulted in the need to destroy the blockades to prevent northern troops from advancing southward.
Qualia are perceptual subjective experiences that vary widely in character, such as touching sandpaper or seeing the color blue. Jackson’s “The Knowledge Argument” about qualia challenges physicalism by arguing that these conscious and unique experiences have non-physical features. His example of Mary the Scientist refutes the statement that everything is just physical, nothing more. Prior to Mary’s release she knew everything physical about color, but when she was released she learned about other people’s color experience. She has important discoveries of seeing the flowers being red and grass being green, which she did not seem to know before. A physicalist would believe that experiencing red is one and the same as some certain physical
attempt to use it to explain the subjective character of another being we end up at the same roadblock, an inability to imagine their subjective experience. So it is at worst unprovable because the theory cannot explain consciousness we must, therefore, look for another theory that can both incorporate and explain the physical and subjective characteristics of
In order to demonstrate this argument, Berkeley creates a dialogue between Hylas and Philonous. At the beginning of this dialogue, Hylas believes that is absurd to claim that objects only exists within the mind, and that Philonous is taking skepticism to a new level by claiming this. Philonous decides to persuade Hylas by questioning his beliefs, and he claims his motives are to help Hylas see what is “most agreeable to Common Sense (69).” Berkeley uses this dialogue to address the counter arguments to his belief, and he uses the character Philonous to prove that his point truly is the most logical. At the end of the story, Hylas is left uncertain of what he believes on the nature of objects and the mind, but he agrees that Philonous is more right than he originally was.
In his 1974 book ‘Anarchy, State, and Utopia’, Nozick proposed a famous thought experiment known as the ‘Experience Machine’. This hypothetical machine aims to argue against moral hedonism by proposing that people would not want to experience the machine and, therefore, there are more intrinsically important elements to one 's existence than pleasure. This essay aims to firstly outline Nozick’s argument, then illustrate how it can be seen as a counter-argument to hedonism and finally provide a critique of the conditions of the argument.
Berkeley holds the belief that the sensation of heat and cold is mind-dependent. In other words, Berkeley argues the belief that when a person touches a fire and feels pain, the pain is constructed in the person and not within the fire. Berkeley argues his belief that the sensation of heat and cold is mind-dependent through the means of three premises. The first premise being that the sensation of extreme heat is a kind of pain. He justifies this statement through experience. The second premise being the sensation of extreme cold is a kind of pain. He justifies this statement through experience. The third premise being that pain and pleasure is mind-dependent. He justifies this statement through intuition and by Hylas’s agreement. Through these
Materialism is the idea that everything that exists is material. John Searle is a philosopher who questions if computers can think. Searle believes that both physical things and mental things exist. He believes that there are four mental features of human existence that need to be accounted for, these are consciousness, intentionality, subjectivity and mental causation. Searle has two interesting arguments for materialism. The first is that Mental phenomena are all caused by processes going on in the brain, and that pain and mental things are just features of the brain. Knowing the background of this knowledge leads to Searle’s idea of the “Chinese room” argument. This argument aims to show people that computers cannot think. The point of this
In “What is is like to be a bat?”, Thomas Nagel claims that in humanity 's attempts to reduce the mind into more basic forms, we have removed an essential part of the mind -- what it’s like to hold the point of view of another (393). Nagel points out that experiencing an event in one’s own way is a key condition to the determination of mental states (392). Moreover, until there exists a form of examining the mind that includes the subjective, Nagel believes we have no objective or universal form of understanding the mind (392-393). This would make it apparent that if someone wished to examine the essence of mental states in order to objectify them, he or she should consider the subjective. However, many of the current reductionist models strive
The source of Socrates’ suspicion of democracy stems from the argument that the general public is ignorant and therefore lacks the knowledge or reason to make the best decision for government and electing officials. The foundation of democracy is based on majority rule, however because the majority is unaware of what truly is good for them, by virtue of their ignorance, the masses are not capable of electing a leaders fit to run the state or government. Socrates contends that due to the general public’s ignorance, the majority will vote in favor of what and who panders to their desires and wants rather than what is logical and better for their souls (459b). Because the general public is ignorant, those who have the knack of oratory pander to the desires of the masses and therefore the consequence of democracy is inherent corruption in the governing structure.
Devonta Johnson English 10 3rd period U.S history 1st period Ms.Rogers/Ms.Chance 4/23/15 John Locke John Locke; 29 August 1632-28 1704), was an English Philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of enlightment thinkers and known as the “father of classical liberalism.” John Locke’s theory of each child starts as a blank state
According to Kolcaba’s theory, the human experience of comfort takes place in four domains (Kolcaba et al., 2006). As mentioned before, pain management is a vital concept to Mrs. X’s quality of life. Mrs. X’s physical comfort will be achieved, if her pain is addressed. The client’s powerlessness has caused her to feel as though she has no control. In a psychospiritual context, Mrs. X’s existential fears need to be addressed for her to achieve comfort. Socioculturally, Mrs. X’s risk for social isolation is a very important concept. Interpersonal relationships are an important aspect for this type of comfort. Mrs. X often states she feels very alone; meaning her sociocultural comfort is not being met (Kolcaba et al., 2006). Environmental comfort refers to the background of Mrs. X’s experiences. Mrs. X states that she often feels forgotten because the
Book Alpha of Aristotle's Metaphysics aims to bring light and provide visual content for the readers about the differences between knowledge. According to Aristotle's Metaphysics,the three types of knowledge, are perceptual knowledge, experiential knowledge and knowledge based on art.These knowledges differentiated by perceptual knowledge’s simplistic memories, experiential knowledge’s practical use
In Protagoras, at first, the preliminary scenes appear to have little in common with the dialogue. However, they introduce the basic themes of the Protagoras. That Socrates is distracted from his seduction of Alcibiades creates an opportunity (an opening in, or a cessation of, his desire) in which philosophy can