According to Walker & Avant (1995) any concept analysis will consist of more than one defining attribute; however, one needs to determine which attributes are appropriate for the purpose of exploration of the concept. Clinical attributes, or characteristics, associated with pain serve to distinguish the concept of pain from the concept of discomfort. As identified by Montes-Sandoval (1999), include: (a) an unpleasant, distressful, unwanted, uncomfortable experience; (b) neurophysiological, psychological, socio-cultural, response to harmful stimuli; (c) a subjective and difficult to describe sensation that cannot truly be measured or accurately perceived by others; (d) a unique experience that serves as a protective mechanism for self-preservation; (e) an adverse sensation to an actual or potential threat of physical or emotional injury or damage; and (f) distressful thoughts resulting from a mental misperception (p. 938). The common character between all uses of the term seems to be related to some form of discomfort. The critical attributes of pain can also serve importance in the formation of a model
Have you wondered just how far your fears could push you? Primal fears have a direct effect on mental illnesses. Some of these common fears apply more than others; such as separation, loss of autonomy, and ego-death. Ken Kesey, Jon Krakauer, Edgar Allan Poe, and William Faulkner all demonstrate how one’s mental stability can be swayed by inner and unconscious fears. Separation detaches a person from a place they are connected to, causing them to feel alone.
People have attempted on defining these concepts based on their subjective experiences. In this study we shall consider language as the biggest factor in defining such terms. C.S. Lewis may characterize pain as something that is distinguished by a particular kind of sensation and as a sensation of dislike i.e. suffering, anguish, tribulation, adversity or trouble.
There are instances, factors and circumstances that enables gating of pain perception. In this paragraph, this essay will try to define the two key terms of the topic. Firstly, ‘pain perception’, is a sensory process which is prompted by noxious stimuli, and a consciousness and an interpretation of a sensation caused by damage to body organ tissue. Secondly, ‘physical injury’ refers to the noxious stimuli, the real damage to body organ tissue. Now that it is clear what each of these terms relates to pain.
Conversely some believe, he should not have confessed in the beginning. Dimsdale should have confessed in the beginning. There are three reasons to support this argument, physical pain, lives changed, and a guilt ridden conscience. Physical pain was largely demonstrated when Dimsdale would whip himself as a form of punishment. He was extremely ill due to the fact that his guilt was eating away at him.
But for patients suffering with depression, it is more than just the symptoms; it can become an absence of self worth and an overwhelming feeling of loneliness despite the surprising amount of people who have it as well. These people typically blame him or herself and use the illness to define them as a whole. Depression is an illness of the mind, or a mood disorder; although it can affect a
The wounds left this act usually psychological, but can take serous physical toll as well. The cumulative effects of being a victim of discrimination puts in the category of a chronic stressor. In his article “Does Religion Buffer the Effects of Discrimination on Mental Health? Differing Effects by Race” Alex Biermann states that discrimination is chronic because they are more longstanding and frequent”. Biermann explains that even micro aggressions accumulated can wear on an individual’s psyche and may lead to mental health problems.
The other problem we will analyse is phantom limb pain syndrome, which is a pain that can be detected in the area where amputation occurred (as in the case of our patient), and there are some factors that are dangerous such as pain after surgery and amputation and, of course, the bad psychology that our patient may have (Flor, 2002). Phantom limb pain is a phenomenon of mutilation caused by this process and in these cases, can occur in many patients. Some possible ways that can cause phantom limb pain in a patient may be the various nerves that exist in sensitive parts of our body and cause the patient to experience some pain (Ehde, 2000). To improve the phantom limb pain, we can do some action, such as reducing pain. Various ways of treatment
The reason why these can be regarded as determinants of his health is because stress induces a pro-inflammatory response and involvement of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis . A person’s employment and working conditions can therefore increase the vulnerability of an individual to becoming ill, such as Mr W.’s precarious employment. Precarious employment is considered as employment insecurity, with low wages and economic derivation as well as restricted social rights . Research into its impacts have revealed that such types of employment have a stress related pathway to ill health and poor self-reported health , with mental health being reported as the most susceptible and responsive health outcome associated with this determinant