Palm Oil Controversy in Indonesia In the land of disappearing trees, Indonesia is wasting no time in expanding the palm oil market in light of high global demand. Not only can it be used in food, cosmetics and even biofuel, but it also has a longer shelf life than most vegetable oils, and is also the most productive seed; one hectare of palm oil plantations can reap a whopping 5000kg worth of Crude Palm Oil (CPO) (Butler, 2006). As a result, Indonesia, drawn in by the booming palm oil market, aims to increase production to 40 million tonnes of CPO per year by 2020 as global demand is projected to be 60 million tonnes by the same year (World Growth, 2011). However, the process of expanding the industry at such a large scale calls for global
From 2007 to 2011, avocado production has increased around 20% in the world (Duarte et al. 747). And per the Globalization & the Avocado Supply Chain video, avocado consumption has increased over 1,000 percent in the past 40 years in the United States alone (Osmosis Films). Hence, these statistics show that the fruit which originated in Mexico has become a food that many people have come to enjoy. In the article, “Globalisation as Commodification”, it discusses how commodities become globalized, which can be applied to how avocados have become globalized (Lysandrou).
The main problem with palm oil is that only way that it can be massed produced comes at the expense of the biodiversity and ecosystems of the various countries that manufacture the oil. (A) As of 2010 Indonesia one of the leading manufactures of palm oil have reduced a third of their mammal species to the critically endangered list, this is one of many examples of the consequences of the unsustainability of developing palm oil. (F) One animal of meticulous significance is the orangutan. Over ninety percent of the orangutan’s habitat have been deforested in the last twenty years, causing it to be considered “a conservation emergency’ by the United
They are promoting sustainable palm oil productions. In 2004, WWF helped set up the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil. This promoted the production and use of sustainable palm oil, which ensures that income is filtered down to local people and forests that are deemed to be of ‘high conservation value’ aren’t cut down to make way for oil palm plantations. Additionally, they engage with timber companies to mitigate negative impacts on habitats and orangutan populations. They also want to halt illegal pet trading.
Oil burns and releases toxins and CO2, poking holes in the ozone layer. People inhale oil fumes and suffer with asthma. There are a million ways that oil is destroying human lives, but if we get off land and go underwater, oil’s damaging effect on the oceans’ habitats adds the more reasons to strive for the use of alternative energy sources. Since oil began to be used widely as a fuel, there hasn’t been a year without a copious number of oil spill incidents. In the US alone, the Office of Response and Restoration of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) responds to over a hundred oil spills each year (NOAA).
Table 4.1b: Summary of instantaneous and Compound Growth rate for Palm Oil in Nigeria (Pre-SAP, SAP, and Post –SAP periods) Period Year Instantaneous Growth rate Compound Growth rate Pre-SAP 1970 - 1985 0.70 0.70 SAP 1986 - 1994 -0.20 -0.20 Post -SAP 1995 - 2013 -1.50 -1.51 All Period 1970 - 2013 0.70 0.70 The compound growth rates for output of palm oil in the Pre -SAP, SAP and the Post -SAP were 0.70%, -0.20% and -1.51%, respectively. This implies a relatively slow process of growth in output of palm oil particularly during the period 1970 - 1985. However during the SAP and Post -SAP period the result indicates a decline in output for 1986-1994 and 1995 - 2013.. This calls for concerted effort to reverse the process of decline to increase the process of growth in output. The process of decline in output could be reversed through expansion of area devoted to palm oil production by making use of land that is put to fallow.
One of which being the palm tree. Many of our daily product contains palm oil. Hence, the demand of palm oil is always high. Palm oil can be produce from palm trees which its fruits are squashed, squeezed and pulped. Palm oil can be used in food products such as chocolate, bread, cereal and even pizza.
The colour and width of the arrows show the potential and intensity of the two various factors (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005, pg. 19). Though conservation is simply looked to as the first answer by most when it comes to the topic of excessive tropical forest deforestation. Many fail to see that when these management strategies clash with human interest, then is when the real problem arises. Moreover, all three impact groups mentioned earlier under the impacts from tropical forests deforestation can easily be related back to economic impacts.
INTRODUCTION The purpose of my report is to discuss the possibilities of improving the oil refineries in order to maximize their efficiency of them and minimize the pollution caused by oil refineries around the world. It is known that oil production is now one of the biggest factors that control the world economy and that oil products have changed our life to be more advanced and civilized. However, these oil products have to pass through many processes in an oil refinery before we can use them in our daily life causing many negative effects on our planet. One example of these negative effects is global warming. The structure of oil refineries should be improved to decrease these impacts.