Based on the assumed contamination of the TLC plate and or capillary tube, it is not possible to tell whether acetaminophen was successfully separated from the Excedrin powder. The Rf values of isolated aspirin and pure aspirin were the same. This demonstrates that the aspirin was successfully separated and is relatively pure. The isolated caffeine sample had a higher Rf value but when viewed under UV light, the markings of isolated caffeine were within the bounds of the pure caffeine, leading to the conclusion that while isolated the caffeine sample was note
After finding the Rf values of the four known compounds, solvent 1 (99.5% ethyl acetate/0.5% acetic acid) was chosen, due to the wide range of results, for the remaining experiments. Ibuprofen, our known tablet, gave a similar Rf value to our previous results for Ibuprofen. For Anadin extra, there were three compounds identified as Caffeine, Paracetamol and Aspirin as the Rf values of the drug were close to the values of these three compounds in the first part of the practical. For both of these known drugs, the Rf values acquired were close to my predictions before the experiment. For the unknown powder, we obtained Rf values of 0.52 and 0.76 so we believe that the unknown powder contains Aspirin and Ibuprofen.
Task 1 M1 Describe the scientific principles behind each of the three procedure above. Vacuum filtration is a procedure when a sold needs separating from a solvent to react the mixture. Then the mixture of a solid is measured through the filtration paper in a Buhner funnel. The liquid is drained through the funnel into the flask.
Now, they are ready to start the lab. The empty crucible is weighed by and the weight was recorded. Then the students used a disposable pipet and put close to 4.0 grams of their milk sample in their crucible on the scale. The crucible was then placed back on
In this lab, we tested 8 known ingredients to find what ingredients was in our unknown A and unknown B medications. We first tested the water solubility of our knowns and unknowns. We found that of the knowns, cornstarch and acetaminophen were the only ones not water soluble. The unknowns were also not water soluble. Th next test was the pH test.
First, two grams on an unknown white compound were given. The possible compounds the known could be were CaCO3, KNO3, NH4Cl, CaCl2, K2SO4, (NH4)2SO2, Ca(NO3)2, NaC2H2O2, K2CO3, MgCl2, Na2CO3, 0.1 M AgNO3, MgSO4, NaCl, 0.2 M BaCl2, KCl, NaSO4, Mg(s), HCl, HNO3, NaOH, HC2H3O2, H2SO4, and KOH. The solubility test required using a scale to measure .575 of our unknown white compound. The unknown compound was measured in a 100 mL beaker.
ST Report In the experiment, the problem was the contaminants that were affecting the quality of the water samples. To fix this issue, three scientists had to determine the contaminants that were present in the samples. One sample was from the school sink and the second sample was from an unknown source. The scientists conducted many tests to figure out what pollutants were present in the water.
Then the flask was filled the rest of the way with distilled water to the mark. Similar steps were taken for the rock solution. The rock solution from the prior lab was filtered into a volumetric flask (100mL), then 15 M NH4¬OH (8mL) was added to the flask. After that, the flask was filled to the mark with distilled water. Both flasks were then swirled to combine the solution
The overall purpose of this lab was to develop a lab procedure in order to separate and measure the mass of each containment obtained the provided sample. In addition, this experiment was conducted in order to provide the EPA with a plan to remove all contaminants from a heterogenous mixture which purifies the water, making it accessible for the society. Furthermore, the sample consisted of the following contaminants, sand, rock, wood, plastic, salt, water, and an unknown metal. When it came to separating the contaminants, the wood and plastic were taken out through the use of tweezers, while the rocks were separated by decanting the mixture of sand and rocks from the water.
In this lab, three unknown compounds were separated from a mixture and identified by melting point. Unknown mixture #124 has components of acid, base and neutral compound. The compounds were identified by melting point and matched up with the known melting points from a given list. In order to identify the compound it was important to separate by dissolving the mixture in an organic solvent which was not soluble in water, and then extracting the solution first with HCl, and then dilute sodium hydroxide solution. From the separation mixture, the aqueous layer were obtained and labeled as TT-1 (base), TT-2(acid) and TT-3 (neutral) in three different test tubes for later recovery.
Assignment 3: Psychotropic Drug Overview: Antidepressant (7 points = annotated outline) Directions: For this assignment, you will select a psychotropic medication from the classifications of antidepressants or mood stabilizers. Choose a medication likely to be prescribed to clients with whom you are interested in working and/or a medication you would like to know more about. Create an annotated outline/infographic that includes the following: a) The use of the medication in the management of mental health –including DSM-5 code and diagnosis; b) Common side effects and any contraindications; c) Describe the pharmacokinetics of the medication using the acronym ADME to describe the process.
The reduction of 9-fluorenone experiments in period 8 is a reduction reaction of double bonds, specifically a reduction of a carbonyl compound to prepare an alcohol, 9-flurenol is this experiment. Just to reiterate what a carbonyl is, a carbonyl is a compound that has a carbon double bonded to an oxygen. Since the main reaction behind this week’s experiment is a reduction reaction, it is important to learn and understand how and what takes place in it. In general terms, a reduction is a gain of electrons, opposite of oxidation, and an increase in carbon to hydrogen bonds caused by adding hydrogen atoms across double and triple bonds. This is not necessarily true in organic chemistry because the above process usually takes place on neutral atom or an ion but in this case carbon does not gain the electrons because a covalent bond is made.
5-aminotetrazole monohydrate: In a 250 ml round-bottom flask equipped with a condenser for refluxing (90 °C) and a magnetic stirring bar, 5.00 g (5.95 mmol) dicyandiamide (three times crystallized), 7.47 g (11.9 mmol) sodium azide and 11.00 g (17.8 mmol) boric acid and 100 ml of water is added and allowed to reflux for 24 hours, after the completion of the reaction, until the solution pH to about 2 to 3 as hydrochloric acid 37% is added (about 12 ml) Then the reaction mixture was cooled in a refrigerator for 18 hours and the white crystals formed. The mixture was filtered and washed three times with 10 ml of water and and dried in 60 °C for 5 hours and finally 45.8 g of product by it will be obtained. 5-Aminotetrazol monohydrate:
The calpain and calpastatin enzymes system plays a role in protein muscle renewal, as well as in the process of postmortem proteolysis of the meat in cattle. Tenderness of the meat depends on the magnitude of this process. The main enzyme is Calpain whereas Calpastatin is its inhibitor; numerous studies have identified diverse polymorphisms of the genes that code for both enzymes. Polymorphism CASTt1 and CASTuog are two mutations on the calpastatin gene, which have been identified as potential forecasters of meat tenderness. The objective of this study was to supplement previous studies, realized at the Veterinary Science Faculty, about genotyping for Calpain gene with the allelic and genotypic polymorphism frequency of CAST1 or CASTuog in