Both the impressment of American Sailors and blocking trade with France was spilling over policies England had adopted during the prosecution of the war with France. And finally England blatant support of Native American groups that preyed on American settlers along the frontier had to be stopped. Although technically no one won the war. All four of Americans goals were
In the beginning of the 19th century, the United States had minimal interest in becoming an empire who controlled overseas countries. Instead, Americans decided to just use Manifest Destiny on their own continent as their form of expansion. In the late 1800s, the frontier was announced to be “closed”, so Americans were forced to look overseas in order to expand trade by looking for new markets. After America made the decision to support Cuba in its revolt against Spain during the Spanish-American war, the United States gained its own colonial empire when it defeated Spain in 1898. Once the war ended, Americans had to debate between becoming an imperialist empire or remaining in isolationism.
Social Issue: Proclamation to Occupy West Florida- During James Madison’s first term as president he had issued to occupy West Florida, he believed that it was included in the Louisiana Purchase gained by the previous president Thomas Jefferson. The Proclamation was officially signed on October 27, 1810, (Milli center). However, months before, rebels seized West Florida and offered it to the United States as an independent republic. French officials stated that it was not included in the Louisiana Purchase. Spain grew angry with the United States and sided with France in the war between France and Britain.
The doctrine didn’t make great change at it’s time but was revived during Polk’s presidency and eventually became an important national principle. The War of 1812 was a result of the events that occurred during Britain’s conflicts with France. America declared itself a sovereign nation during the conflicts between Britain and France but the British still punished the nation through the Orders in Council and impressment. The practice of impressment combined with American embargo policies pushed America to declare war on Britain in 1812 because Britain showed no respect for America’s sovereignty and proved that it wouldn’t change it’s restrictive trading policies despite America’s peaceful attempts. America declared war on Britain in 1812 largely because of Britain’s practice of impressment.
When Mexico declined their offer, President James Polk needed an excuse to go to war with Mexico to steal California right from underneath them. Polk spread the rumor that it was their “manifest destiny” to extend America’s territory to the Pacific Ocean. Historians today ask the question: Was the United States justified in going to war with Mexico? The United States was not justified, because the United States were greedy for land, “manifest destiny” is weak excuse, and because of the human cost. The United States had its eye on expand its territory and started with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
President Theodore Roosevelt wished to expand the United States’ influence on the world stage. He wanted to end the isolation that began in the country around the mid-1800s and wished to create a powerful homeland. During his two terms in office from 1901 to 1909, Roosevelt used vigorous strategies to deal with outside nations and felt that it would benefit a nation to be ready for any conflict. Before Roosevelt, not a single President had left the country during their time in office, but he was the first to leave to manage foreign relations. Roosevelt was successful in building a foreign policy that helped the United States become a global power by pushing for the creation of the Panama Canal, advocating for the addition of the Roosevelt Corollary
Similarly, in Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation, the President asks the American people to stand with him against the Japanese and join World War II. Both speeches call out to the American people to fight and protect their nation using facts and hard truths to persuade, while both Paine and Roosevelt use their own levels of personal connection and feelings
Thomas Jefferson’s opinion of how the national government should be run, changed quite a bit over the course of his presidency. He started it off as a strict constructionist as he opposed the excise laws and his opposition to the Alien and Sedition acts. At some point he began to transform into a loose constructionist when he bought the louisiana purchase and he improved our navy to help fight the Barbary war. Somewhere during his presidency his views changed and it was most likely before he bought the Louisiana territory. Before Jefferson entered the presidential office he was a states rights supporter and when the tax on whiskey was placed he opposed it, saying “The first error was to admit it by the Constitution.” (Doc A).
Foreign Affairs In the duration of history, Foreign Affairs were critical to display whether or not a president enhanced the country to be viewed as a country which established foreign relations with peace. The way a head of state manages foreign affairs was significant because interrelational conflicts in which occurred could have developed into a greater chaos if not handled correctly. President Andrew Jackson failed to handle foreign responsibilities in the span of his presidency. In 1831, France came to terms to pay for Napoleonic destruction on shipping in the United States. When the French chamber of deputies began to refuse the payments in which were owed to the united nation, Jackson became infuriated.
This proves that President Polk was either too preoccupied with wanting to easily obtain land or that Polk was too trusting. Either way, Santa Ana may have been sly with Polk, but ultimately his attempts to conquer for Mexico were short-lived thus was the reason in which ultimately caused him to resign the Mexican presidency years
Federalist leader Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan was fought with opposition from the Republicans. Though Jefferson and Madison opposed, the financial plan was approved by congress. “The central government assumed all debt regulates and the National Bank provides and regulates currency” (Class notes). Taxes were places on imports and whiskey which caused s whiskey rebellion in 1794. “The Federalists saw the economic future in manufacturing, but not political role of “common man.” Little faith in democracy.” “Republicans saw political future of “common man” participating in republic, Faith in the new democracy, but failed to see that farming was not economic future.” (Class notes) Each group had ideas that needed support from one another.
Fishman does again bring up this point with René Laudonnière’s recount of the Timucuan Natives, which for some time during the Florida outpost the French setup, were friends with the Frenchmen3. Again, the motivations for this early expansion into the New World was, as Fishman stated was more political rather than economic or religious. With this mission in mind, the Spanish attack of the Timucuan yielding no response from the French makes sense. The French could not claim the Natives as their allies once the Spanish in Florida attacked them as it would have spelled their doom even earlier than when Laudonnière’s venture did eventually fail. It all comes down to motivation/mission, and the aid received from the home nation.
The port at which the railway began was named Aspinwall after William H. Aspinwall, the owner of the railroad. However, the Panamanians named it Colón after Cristóbal Colón. For years Americans insisted that it was Aspinwall, while the Panamanians refused to believe place of that name existed. They even went so far to refuse to deliver mail addressed to Aspinwall. Americans passed through on the Panama Railroad to get to the Pacific Ocean but despite the revival of the economy, xenophobia ran throughout the Americas waiting for the trains.
In order to build the Panama Canal, the United States went through quite a few difficulties. Political, engineering, and even medical. One of the biggest problems would have been the mosquitoes. The mosquitoes were causing diseases such as yellow fever and malaria. They were then conquered by William Gorgas.
Despite their hesitation France had earlier aided Americans by supplying weapons for the Battle of Lexington and Concord (1775), “the shot heard round the world.” France had long been an enemy to England and with their aid the colonists gained much needed supplies, soldiers, and a Navy. The French Navy forced the surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown. On land, a French commander by the name of Marquis de Lafayette provided training to the inexperienced colonial army. Across the seas indirect support was received as Spain, France, and the Netherlands began general warfare with Britain, which indirectly helped influence the Revolutionary war. The British had no allies.