In Candide, Voltaire uses literary devices to convey the idea of optimism when facing the misfortunes of the world. Voltaire uses alot of juxtaposition, symbolism, and irony to indicate the challages people may face and the optomistic views in the world. Voltaire has deep pessimistic values on human nature which shines through the glittering portrait of the harminous utopian society. Voltaire sheds light on the psychological idea of optomism versus pessimism. Voltaire also identifies the good and evil that is portrayed in the world and among human nature.
As technology improves, so do human capabilities of altering nature, which in turn creates increased responsibility. This directly relates to genetic engineering, which is beginning to morph into a reality. There are advocates for both sides that convey their personal opinions about the hypothetical results, but neither is clearly superior since both arguments speculate upon an unknown future. Hungarian psychologist, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, outlines this topic in his essay “The Future of Happiness,” which focuses on the history of selective breeding and compares the goal of happiness with genetic engineering. Csikszentmihalyi alternates between viewpoints regarding genetic engineering but presents a perspective dominated by warning. Csikszentmihalyi’s presents a chronologically structured explanation of selective breeding with progressive rhetorical questions that balance his support between the validity of the scientific study of happiness and his trepidation regarding potential dangers of the use of genetic engineering for predetermined beneficial traits.
The world we live in is filled with crime, evil, and injustice, but do people have the desire to do bad things knowing that they are bad, or do they do them thinking that they are good? In this essay, I examine Socrates argument, found in Plato’s Meno, that no one knowingly desires bad things. If Socrates were right, it would mean that it is impossible for someone to perform a bad action based on their desire for that bad thing. Instead, all bad desires result from the ignorance of the person performing the action in falsely believing that the action is good. Though Socrates presents a compelling argument, I argue that it is possible for someone to act badly, all the while knowing that what they desire is bad. In order to establish my thesis, I will start by stating and explaining the argument that Socrates presents, I will
They say that you will never truly understand the beauty of life until you experience it yourself. You won’t be able to discover what it is that you love until you have done the things that you have imagined. You would get a large variety of answers if you asked everyone what the definition of happiness was. However, they would most likely be something similar to living a long, healthy, and blissful life. Our own meanings of happiness are bound to be diverse because we’re all so different.
Life should be lived to its fullest potential. There are so many joyful experiences in life as well as many sad ones. In Brian Doyle’s Joyas Volardores, Doyle explains that humans instinctively attempt to block themselves from pain. But, he says that this is not how we should live. Instead, Doyle suggests that humans need to open their heart and experience the pain and sorrow, in order to fully experience all the love and joy that life has to offer.
The purpose of this essay is to pick apart Mill’s essay and to give my own personal opinion about happiness. Stuart believed that you could achieve happiness by helping others achieve happiness and by finding things that you enjoy in life. I believe the key to happiness is helping other people achieve their happiness, do things that you enjoy doing, and looking at things in the brightest way possible.
The hot take that took Europeans by surprise is no longer just a thought and put into play in real life. The Enlightenment thought was transferred into books that we still read today. Some Enlightenment thoughts are individual and humanity as a whole can progress to perfection, tolerance is to be extended to other creeds and ways of life, and education should impart knowledge rather than mold feelings or develop character. Three major Enlightenment stories are Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift, Tartuffe by Moliere, and Candide by Voltaire. Each author used different types of enlightenment ideals and put them into art.
Human beings are all individually incredibly unique. This uniqueness is apparent in every experience of a person’s life, but it is the cycle of these unique experiences that connects all human beings. This cycle is defined as the human condition. Furthermore, this cycle is a series of inevitable life aspects that makes up a human being; two of the most obvious being growth and conflict. Within the human condition, growth cannot exist without conflict and conflict cannot exist without growth. The cycle of the human condition also has a cycle of conflict and growth within itself; philosophical pieces of literature and art such as Sorrow Teeming With Light, A Case for a Tragic Optimism, and the Dhammapada all explain instances of conflict and exhibit the importance of finding the light and growing through it.
Both Voltaire’s satiric novel Candide and Frederick Douglass’s autobiographical Narrative chronicle the lives and struggles of two young men. Each young man experiences injustices in the course of his development. Candide faces his struggles by seeking material gain. Douglass faces his by discovering and applying his inner strength to find reliable sources to aid him in his journey. The result of Candide’s journey through life is unsatisfactory and unfulfilling while Douglass achieves self-actualization and continues to help others by fighting to right injustices. In his quest to become a free man Douglass is self-reliant, resourceful and focused while Candide in his quest to marry his love Cunegonde is naïve, greedy, and selfish. The
Think of some favorite memories or objects: the first love, favorite pet, favorite foods, or maybe even a good
Having a purpose to live with is one of the important things in life. It is significant because according to Viktor Frankl’s theory of logotherapy, he states that humans should be driven by the search of meanings. If one has a life purpose, it will motivate him or her to take actions, pursue dreams, and ultimately achieve success. Yet, there are circumstances wherein the search of meanings will disappear if an individual encounters feelings of pain, guilt, and death. These feelings will further add on to one’s suffering and impedes him or her to move on in life. Although suffering is what everyone will undergo in lives, one can cope with it if the search for a meaning becomes successful again. For instance, in Bharati Mukherjee’s “The Management
Thomas Jefferson once famously wrote, “We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” (Declaration). He believes that everyone should have the right to have the chance to become happy. In the Book Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury writes about a society that does not have this opportunity. In this world, Montag, the main character, is a fireman who instead of putting our fires, fuels them. He starts to question why he is doing what he is doing and if he is truly happy with is life. What makes people “happy” in this world is TVs and petty little
Everyone suffers. This simple fact of life has plagued humans for centuries, perplexing the wisest thinkers down to the most common among us. It demands an explanation, and history has granted us many - often in the form of religion. Buddhism revolves around the concept of suffering, attempting to explain its origin and how to break free of it. It teaches that no matter how righteous a person acts, they will always suffer until they fully achieve enlightenment.
In Mark Kingwell’s excerpt, “In Pursuit of Happiness,” he presents information illustrating the challenge of defining happiness. Kingwell utilizes evidence and support from philosophers, authors, and scientists to supply readers with various perspectives on the pursuit of happiness. By the end of the excerpt, Kingwell provides information about happiness, unhappiness, and concludes with his own thoughts about the failing hunt for the definition of happiness, but he never truly expresses his personal opinion about what he believes is the definition of happiness.
“The deep truth is that our human suffering need not be an obstacle to the joy and peace we so desire, but can become, instead, the means to it. The great secret of the spiritual life, the life of the Beloved Sons and daughters of God, is that everything we live, be it gladness or sadness, joy or pain, health or illness, can all be part of the journey toward the full realization of our humanity”