The Pantheon and Brunelleschi 's Dome in Florence both share a common idea of the dome in ancient history. They were built and different times, the Pantheon and Brunelleschi 's Dome differ in both design and architecture. This paper is going to analyze the Pantheon in Rome and Brunelleschi 's Dome in terms of their constructional and design techniques, and their historical circumstances of the construction of them both. The Pantheon is one of the remaining and properly maintained buildings of the first century. The building is found in Rome and is believed that it was commission by Marcus Agrippa during Augustus ' time.
Introduction: The Two Buildings; Parthenon in Athens and Pantheon in Rome are both classical heritage of the former world powers. Both buildings were temple built and dedicated to the gods of Athens and Romans. The excellent strength and the durability of these temples are unimaginable. Going by the length of time that these buildings have been in existence, one cannot but admires the brilliance of the ancient Greek and Roman architects for such excellent edifices that have outlived many generations, and yet remain a symbol of ancient Greek and Roman history. In this piece of work, it is essential to compare the two buildings while systematically considering their similarities and differences that have memorialized their existence until now.
Ancient Roman art is like a picture worth a thousand words. Every single picture and sculpture has a special meaning and they painted many images of their gods. Ancient Roman Art is very old and fascinating and was heavily influenced by Greek culture, it started a long time ago , and got a lot of ideas from other countries. Ancient Roman art was heavily influenced by Greek, and was formed 1,000 years before Rome. It is not surprising that the Romans got many ideas from the Greek.
Built more than 1800 years ago, the magnificent Pantheon still stands as a reminder of the great Roman Empire. The name Pantheon refers to the building's original function as a temple for all the gods. Before the
Both the Greek and the Roman architecture inspired the cultures and architects until these days due to the diverse meaning they carry and symbolize in astonishing ways through the different orders, columns, roofs, friezes, and domes. The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome depict the splendor of these two cultures. Starting with the Parthenon, it was completely constructed in 432 B.C.E by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates to honor the Athen’s patron deity, Athena, and to house her statue. It is rectangular and consisted of a series of Doric columns. However, it is a mixture of the Doric and Ionic orders.
The Pantheon in its last version, was completed by Hadrian in 128 AD, one of his various rebuilding projects throughout Rome. It was attributed to Marcus Agrippina by Hadrian and originally built after the Battle of Actium. Its most prominent feature is a concrete dome that has an ocular opening on top which provides most of the inside lighting. Its outside facade is lined with Corinthian columns and has many more columns inside with accompanying arches (Wikipedia, 2016). The use of Corinthian columns and portrayals of the gods during Hadrian 's time served to show the Roman appreciation of classical Greece.
Roman ruins in Spain!?!? Who would have known that there would be Roman ruins in Spain? Well let me take you back in time. The Roman Empire controlled Spain for more than 700 years. During that time they brought forth many buildings that is still standing today that is why I believe Spain is a wonderful country to visit in order to see Roman ruins that had been preserved including the Alhambra, its history, and its culturally rich cities.
His own writing called the Res Gestae, meaning **Great Works**, was in its most basic form a list of all the great deeds, construction projects, and many other things that Augustus did for Rome. Augustus, like his predecessor before him, exploited the mythology that his family line is descended from the Trojan hero, Aeneas and his mother, the goddess Venus. He hired many Roman poets, such as Horace, Ovid, and Virgil. The Aeneid by Virgil is one of the best examples of literary propaganda, specifically in book 7 and 8. In book 7, Aeneas travels to the underworld.
A typical sculpture would be a representation of the person 's upper body, specifically the head and neck, this type of sculpture is called a bust. The Romans typically created their sculptures of historical occasions and real people so busts were extremely common. Although the Romans were extremely influenced by Greek art, there are still many differences between the two. Greek statues
The Byzantine Empire was one of the most long lasting empires, lasting almost as long as its parent civilization, the Roman Empire. The Byzantine Empire is very similar to its parent civilization, but ultimately fails in its main goal throughout its history: To restore the Roman Empire. The elements of the Byzantine Empire that are the will discussed are the terrain, the climate, and lastly, the culture. All these things are the foundation of any civilization, and are key to understanding its history and accomplishments. The Byzantine Empire covered a vast expanse of land, starting in the northwest coast of Africa at 38.996 degrees west, and extends to the edge of the middle east at 7.092 degrees east.
The reason for this is because, the origin of writing originated here. The city of Ur was a very important trade center. The last city is perhaps the most famous city out of all of them, Babylon. The name Babylon means “Gate of the Gods”. This city is known for its impressive walls and buildings.
Roman Arches ￼Vanni Archive/Corbis Arches have existed for roughly 4,000 years, but the ancient Romans were the first to effectively harness their power in the construction of bridges, monuments and buildings. The ingenious design of the arch allowed the weight of buildings to be evenly distributed along various supports, preventing massive Roman structures like the Colosseum from crumbling under their own weight.. Along with columns, domes and vaulted ceilings, the arch became one of the defining characteristics of the Roman architectural style. Battlefield Surgery ￼G. Nimatallah/De Agostini/Getty
The Romans timeless work of art has traveled to the United States thousands years later, making this certain civilizations architecture unchanging. When the Americans built the Capitol in 1791 they wanted to compliment the Romans work and by bringing it into the United States. Roman architecture is very distinctive looking. In almost every famous Roman building their are at least a couple columns, columns are detached or attached from the building in all Roman architecture. Ionic columns are the ones on the Capitol building and on the Colosseum are Roman Tuscan columns.
Egypt is home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World and is known by all to be the home of colossal, majestic monuments. But, as we pose with our “peace signs” in front of this ancient stone, we fail to realize their intended purpose. Today, the most famous remaining vestiges of this concept reside in the state temples found in modern day Thebes at the archaeological sites of Luxor and Karnak. These are the two best-preserved and largest state temples in Egypt. They are fairly recent in relation to ancient Egypt’s long history, in that they were built and used during the New Kingdom.
The Chartres Cathedral is one of the most notable pieces of gothic architecture, and many people have been impressed and in awe of the cathedral since it has been built. This includes American filmmaker, Orson Welles. In his final film he highlights the Chartres Cathedral by saying: This has been standing here for centuries. The premier work of man perhaps in the whole Western world, and it’s without a signature: Chartres. A celebration to God’s glory and to the dignity of man (Orson Welles, F is for Fake) Orson, like many others, comments on the beauty and prestigious work that is encapsulated in the Chartres Cathedral.