The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Greece first began constructions in 447 BCE — a temple of Doric order with Ionic features made in dedication to Greek goddess of war, Athena. Under the influence of Pericles and the assistance of over hundreds of people, the temple was completed in 432 BCE. With an appearance similar to that of a sculpture, dimensions akin to that of the Golden Ratio, and harmonious values in its shape — it was no wonder that the Parthenon embodied many 5th century Athenian values; to achieve arete, also known as perfection. It was known that the Greeks were obsessed with the concept of the Golden Ratio, also widely known as phi, and it was no surprise that the Parthenon followed said concept, due to Phidias, a Greek sculptor,
The breathtaking Metopes featuring the epic battles of the gods, the Frieze a detailed sculpture displaying a procession of Greeks, and was built to house the magnificent statue of Athena adorned in gold. The Parthenon was built was that the leader at the time, Pericles. Pericles wanted to show the power and wealth of Athens. In
The Pantheon is a temple dedicated to all the Gods built by Hadrian in 125 A.D. and it still stands today. It is considered one of the most visionary Roman buildings. Its central feature is the oculus in the center of the dome which opens to the heavens. It is one of the largest domes ever made without reinforced concrete. At the time, it covered a greater span than any before it.
The Pantheon in Rome was the best and absolute best of the roundabout sanctuaries. Not at all like the larger part of Roman sanctuaries, the Pantheon is devoted to the greater part of the Roman divine beings. Head Hadrian (A.D 117-138) developed the Pantheon to supplant Augustus' Commander Marcus Agrippa's Pantheon which consumed to the ground in 80 A.D. The
For example the Temple of Artemis has Gorgons Sculptures that come from the banister or the face of the temples entrance. As time moved on so did the improvements of architectural design. Orientalizing Period in Greece started in 700BCE and ended in 600BCE. This marked the start of Greek architecture due to the huge influx of trade which brought in new ideas from Egypt and NE. “Greeks attributed almost all of the great achievements to Daedalus-master of all arts Daedalic style.” Also trade brought Greeks into direct contact with monumental stone architecture.
It’s obvious that the beauty of a structure rely on the architecture unique design and output, in this essay, I will analyzed the ancient Parthenon of Greece and the Pantheon building of Rome. Furthermore, the reader will have the opportunity to explore the popularity of the classical architecture of the Greek that was later copied by the Roman Empire. The style and function use of the Parthenon That Befit the Culture of the Greek The Parthenon is a temple to the Greek goddess Athena that was built in 447 BC. This structure is a typical example of Greek architecture. Most of the temple’s design uses elements of the Doric order.
How did they make the dome as light as possible to reduce this stress? Brunelleschi would have studied these domes in great detail. He would have been well aware that back in Florence construction was continuing on the Cathedral De Santa Maria del Fiore, started in 1296, which had in its design an enormous dome over the copula. He would also have been aware that no one in Florence at that time was
Take the picture to the left of the screen, it is from Greece. The Parthenon was built in the 5th century B.C. when the Athenian Empire used models as power in the empire. This particular building was dedicated to the Greek Goddess Athena. Here below is a better diagram that will provide clear representation of the golden ratio in the Parthenon.
The Greeks, like many other civilisations, “learned and borrowed from their predecessors” , using the architecture of the past to shape their own built environment, including their temple architecture. The form of Greek temples was influenced by the use of columns in imposing Egyptian temples, and indeed also shaped by other cultures architecture, for "the great "barbarian" lesson was monumentality, the power of an architecture of public scale built of cut stone" . There was lots of experimentation in the design of Greek temples, but as time passed, several common features became standard. Temples built by the Greeks generally take a similar form to that of the Megaron: a central cella or naos, with a portico outside, supported by columns. In general,