Once even compared to barbarians by the Persian this great society emerged in little time. The Greek alphabet came from Phoenicians whom they traded with; temples were inspired by the architecture of Ancient Egypt. Classical Greece appropriated numerous ideas and concepts from the east, and made them not only theirs but became the heart of western culture (77). The Odyssey by Homer is a literary work that documents a journey by the protagonist Odysseus. In the epic Odysseus is
When comparing the two art works, Lamentation and the Dying Gaul, there are many similarities and differences. Lamentation is a fresco painting that was painted on the north wall of St. Panteleimon in 1164 AD. St. Panteleimon was a monastery in Nerezi, Macedonia built under the ruling of Alexios Komnenos. Lamentation is a Byzantine art painting that was very stylistic and painterly. The background of this painting is that it represents a non-biblical scene of Mary and her son placed in the foreground.
Maximus the Confessor Maximus the Confessor (also known as Maximus the Theologian and Maximus of Constantinople) (c.580–13 August 662) was a Christian monk, theologian, and scholar. In his early life, he was a civil servant and an aide to the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius. However, he gave up this life in the political sphere to enter into the monastic life. After moving to Carthage, Maximus studied several Neo-Platonist writers and became a prominent author. When one of his friends began espousing the Christological position known asMonothelitism, Maximus was drawn into the controversy, in which he supported the Chalcedonian position that Jesus had both a human and a divine will.
It was constructed in Rome during the 6th century BCE. The Circus Maximus was also used for other public events such as the Roman Games, gladiator fights, used for chariot races. Shortly after, exiting the Circus Maximus, one would find them self passing the Septizodium. This building was built in ancient Rome around 203 AD by Emperor Septimius Severus. The origin of the name "Septizodium" is from the Latin language for temple of seven suns, and was probably named for the seven planetary deities..
Before the rise of the classical Greek culture, it is known that two related civilizations preceded Hellenic Greece: the Minoan and Mycenaean (was also known as the early Aegean civilizations). The Minoan or Cretan were the oldest non-Greek civilization that had an influence on mainland Greece. The Minoan society lasted about 1,350 years, from 2600-1250 B.C., and reached its peak during the period from 1700 to 1450 B.C. The center of Minoan civilization had brilliant palaces as evident by the kings wealth and power. Inside the palaces, there were workshops that produced daggers, pottery, and decorated silver vessels.
Before Constantine there was hardly any Christian Roman architecture. The Catacombs of Rome are ancient catacombs, or underground cemeteries consisting of a gallery under the earth’s surface with places for tombs, as constructed by the ancient Romans. These catacombs were burials grounds for all people in Rome, but are most famous for christian burials. A sarcophagus is a coffin for inhumation burials, widely used throughout the Roman empire starting in the second century A.D. The most important gods to the Romans were the Greek gods from Mount Olympus.
Comparison of Egyptian arts vs Babylonian arts Over the ancient art history, the two periods of arts were considered as the masterpiece for the world art history. The two periods of empires were Egypt and Babylon. These two empires had been ruled almost five hundred years. They did one common thing in the name of their history was great artistic works. Art work of Babylonian and Egyptian: Famous delegation of Babylonian work was Zimrilim whereas Egyptian work was Queen Neferati making an offering to Isis.
It then became a Christian church. Sometime around 1200 Pope Urban VII ordered the bronze covering of the pronaos to be stripped away and melted down. The bronze was then used at St. Peters basilica. Despite this altering of the original design, the church probably did provide some protection of the building throughout the centuries. From the sixteenth century on the Pantheon became a burial place for nobles and great artist.
This journey continues until 501 BC, where Satyr play was introduced in the very similar way as modern Satyr. The oldest survived drama is a historical tragedy The Persians written by Aeschylus. Between the years 270 and 240 BC, Roman Republic took over so many parts of Greek territory. The end of war was the beginning of Classical Roman Drama. The most important achievements of this era was invention of Comedies and Tragedies by Livius Andoronicu, 240 BC.
The formation of Greek city states began with the Mycenaean civilization. By 500 BC, many more civilizations would later form around the area in Greece. These city states later became all relevant to the Persian Wars because most city states choose either the Persian or Greek side in the war. ______________________________________ This was also an classical epoche of cultural advancements. For instance the ancient Olympic Games, were introduced, which were held in the city of Olympia from the 8th century BC to the 4th century
The Roman Emperor Constantine converted to the Christian religion and not wanting to offend the citizens of the Roman Empire, he celebrated Christian holidays on the days of Roman holidays. "The pagans in Rome celebrated their Thanksgiving in early October. the holiday was dedicated to the goddess of the harvest, Ceres and the holiday was called, Cerelia. Catholic Church took over the pagan holiday and it became well established in England, where some of the pagan customs and rituals for this day were observed long after the Roman Empire had disappeared. In England the 'Harvest Home 'has been observed continuously for centuries."
However, there were others who contributed to the historic factors of the Hellenic culture. First there was Herodotus was one of those Greek historians who regarded, as "The Father of History" was the first historian known to have broken from Homeric tradition to treat historical subjects as a method of investigation—specifically, by gathering relative and significant material arranging them into a historic narrative. The History is the only work, which he is known to have produced, a record of his "inquiry" on the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars. Then there is Thucydides an Athenian Historian and General. His history of the Peloponnesian War recounts war between Sparta and Athens.
During the recovery of Greek civilization, Greek began developing city states. Basically, small places that consisted no more than a town and had a few miles of country side. Athens and Sparta were the biggest of city states, resembling the size of a couple U.S. countries. Athens and Sparta constantly fought one another; however they both had a similar important activity of worshipping a god or goddess. The Greek language is the first known language to have a word specifying a member of a community as citizen.