When diving into the writing of Things Fall Apart and Poisonwood Bible, the influence of culture and geographical surroundings on the characters and their social and moral traits is evident. Both authors purposefully developed cultural conflicts in their writing to cause the reader to think about the effects of culture on the way one thinks and acts. Not only are the characters in these novels shaped by their own culture, but they also encounter difficulties when confronted by a new culture. Achebe’s characters Okonkwo, his family, and his village are introduced to the culture of the white missionaries not by choice while Kingsolver’s characters Nathan Price and his family choose to experience a new culture when they go to the Congo as missionaries. In each of these instances, the characters previous culture impacts their ability to adapt to the new one placed in front of them.
Anthropological Theory End Term Assignment TOPIC- ‘Please compare Geertz’s two essays to answer the following question: Does Geertz’s ethnographic writing on the Balinese cockfight convincingly succeed in achieving his theoretical position, as outlined in ‘Thick Description’. Submitted by: Dipankar Dutta Department Of Sociology (1st Semester) South Asian University In the piece the "Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture" Clifford Geertz has stressed upon culture to be its central focus point. Geertz held that people, generally, are tangled by a set of meanings that are self-derived and socially derived. He has tried to narrow down the meaning of culture which has otherwise been used as a vast term in other anthropological
Egan explains that there are different types of narration within the text that all serve their own purposes and make the Zuo zhuan unique to other texts and historically valuable. While Confucius and other contributors to the Chunqiu are more forward in their narration of their own values and moral standings, the narrator of the Zuo zhuan takes a much more furtive approach, where he attempts to utilize the characters within the story to accurately express history and his opinions. This brings us to his first narrative technique, which Egan describes as “silence of the narrator” where “as the author removes himself from overt control and interpretation of his material, his covert manipulation must increase.” The Zuo zhuan includes numerous scenes of battles and historically notable conversations between war figureheads, which are included because of their significance and the lessons to be learned from them. However, the author of the Zuo zhuan only offers simple introductions and essential background information before describing historical events. The lessons and values of these events lie within the dialogue, speeches, and events themselves, as “it is rare that the cause or significance of an event is specifically identified.” Therefore, only provided with necessary historical data, it is up to the reader to come to conclusions about the significance of the material in the Zuo zhuan, which is arguably more meaningful than being directly explained or told what to gather from reading, like in the Chunqiu
According to M.H.Abrams: A myth is one story in a mythology or a system of hereditary stories which were once believed to be true by a particular cultural group and which served to explain why the world is as it is and things happen as they do establish a rationale for social customs and observations and sanctions for the rules by which men conduct their lives. (Abrams 14) Indian myth is based on legendary characters, about human lives, love, courage, fearlessness, revenge, hegemony and sufferings. Mostly, myth in Indian literature deals with the great epics; Ramayana and Mahabharata. The purpose of myth is to bring out moral among the contemporary society. Devdutt Pattanaik is the great myth writer in Indian literature.
Background information was researched to give the readers context on the author himself including his early life and his inspirations to write the novel; to give the readers a basic idea on who the writer is and why he wrote the novel. I included the literary criticism on the novel to revel both sides of the novel and to look at the novel from another perspective, the reason writers use colour symbolism was included to educate the readers on why many writers use colour symbolism. The disillusionment experienced by numerous American citizens was involved in the essay to closely inform the readers on what the disillusionment and idealism that the American citizens believed actually
2. The segments are also structurally attractive because the level of direct competition is low as few firms have the capacity and expertise to create products that match those of Sen-Saal and simultaneously provide superior service that customers of the targeted socio-economic class desire. 3. Thirdly the requirements of these segments are in line with the ideologies of Sen-Saal, being high quality ingredients, additive free and healthy while offering close attention to individual needs. 4.3
The writer himself confesses that “Sethu of Kaalam is a lot of like me. I share with Sethu his emotional experiences and the situations he has been through” Like any other novel of M.T.’s, Kaalam also depicts the life of an individual who suffers in the older social system. Marumakkathayam is a system which was prevails in Nair community till recently. The novel could be after effect some serious legislation taken place in Kerala. The first communist government of Kerala was very much anti- feudal.
Manrique, Maria Patricia S. ABM11 Mangaya, Angelyn J. Isang Tikbalang Ka Lang is written by Eros Atalia, a writer who mastered his degree in language and literature--- Filipino in De La Salle University-Dasmariñas. His artwork ‘Isang Tikbalang Ka Lang’ is one of the stories that we liked, it’s just a short story but the story will give you fulfillment. It’s about a girl and two mythical creatures that’s called tikbalang and duwende, and that tikbalang who has been fighting for his love. Tikbalang gave his all to a girl but this girl abandoned him and like nothing happened and she’s with this duwende, an old but rich man. Tikbalang always care for the girl, he gave lots of fruits and he treated her nicely.
The aesthetic features in the literature have made literature a sphere where shared sentiments and experiences can be negotiated. By examining how the literature constructs the nation image, and how the dominant sociopolitical authority can identify its people through words, this chapter therefore emphasizes aesthetic values matter in establishing literature a purposive institution. I wish to further account for the implications of purposeful aesthetic values in the Manchukuo and the fate of the Korean migration literature in a society. 5.1 Literature, Nation and National Identity Although literature gained a prominent position in the study of certain historical time, literature may still less trustful as raw material for history. The application of adopting literature as reference for research accordingly forced us to inquire into not only the nature of literature, as well as the relation between two.
The Analysis of “Bumi Manusia (This Earth of Mankind)” by Pramoedya Ananta Toer The writer will analyse the novel of “Bumi Manusia (This Earth of Mankind)” by using three appropriate approaches which are Structuralism, Postcolonialism, and Psychoanalysis. Firstly, the writer will analyse the novel with Structuralism theory by Saussure. The writer analyses the structural elements of the novel. The major theme of the novel is about colonialism era. It tells about how the native Indonesian people was oppressed and underestimate by the Dutch colony.