For instance, positivist approach believes that knowledge is only produced through scientific approach. And reality is independent of any phenomena; facts are established by taking apart a phenomenon to examine its component parts. Yet from my experiences I argue that the alternative view i.e. social constructivist approaches is best because they believe that the best way to understand any phenomenon is to view it in its context. They see all quantification as limited in nature,
This does not exclude a quantitative approach being associated with a post-positivist approach. In contrast, for a researcher who favors interpretive, knowledge is a matter of interpretation (Schutt, 2009) so that the quest for understanding the complex world of lived experience demands that the researcher interact with the research objects/participants to get the viewpoint. The investigator favored a post-positivist approach since he believes that human knowledge can be challenged and modified in light of further investigation. Following is a description of the methodology that was followed for this
Positivists view the world from a scientific point of view was seen as the way to get at truth through prediction and controlling it. The world was thought to operate by laws of cause and affect that we could discern if researchers used unique approach. They emphasised the use deductive reasoning to postulate theories that can be tested.
Creationism is not a science. Creationists refute the theory of evolution because they believe that all things were created by a Creator. This means they do not believe that things have gradually evolved and developed over time. Their argument is based on two aspects. In popular usage, a theory is a well-supported explanation that was acquired through significant scientific testing that was confirmed through observation and experimentation.
Delimitations factors includes the choices of objective ,research questions , perspective that you adopted, variables of interests and population you choose to investigate. The problem of choice that one chooses is the first delimitation itself. This means you had other related problems that you could have chosen but decide to screen them off and took one from many. PERSONAL ASPECT Delimitations as one the concepts in research are of vital purpose. It guides you so that you don’t derail from what you intend to do it explains or defines on why you carrying on such a study so that one does not lose track of its purpose.
Approaches to decision making A fundamental distinction has to be made regarding the approaches to decision making. Normative theories involve the so-called decision-science, the development of formal models about how people should think and take decisions. Such theories are strongly based on the concepts of “rational” people, perfect information and optimisation, and are therefore highly formalised. Descriptive theories study and suggest models about how people in real context really think and take decisions, therefore addressing the main critics to the first kind of theories. Finally, the integrative approach blends insight from both theories, striving to develop formal models and principles, but taking into consideration the complexity of
It is a "research firmly based upon one or more past scientific achievements, achievements that some particular scientific community acknowledges for a time as supplying the foundation for its further practice." Normal science is not directed to discover new kinds of phenomena or to invent new theories. Instead, it is restricted to articulate the phenomena and theories that are already involved in the paradigm. Thus, the range of phenomena and problems considered by normal science is relatively small and esoteric. But Kuhn asserted
Research design is the structure which is considered very important to both data collection and analysis. It is the plan for achieving the aims and objectives of the investigation. Oppenheim (1992) pointed out that the term research design refers to a basic plan or strategy of research and the logic behind it, which will make it possible and valid to draw more general conclusions from it. Kumar (2009) defined research design as a procedural plan that is adopted by the researcher to answer question validity objectively, accurately and economically. Understanding the philosophical issues of research design is of crucial importance for three reasons.
Also, Mendel’s original goal was not to discover Mendel’s Law, but to breed an excellent variety. It is the accumulation of observation that draw his attention and helped him generate the hypothesis of inheritance. Thus, we can see that without observation, human beings have less possibility of generating hypotheses and are unable to examine whether a hypothesis is true or not. Thus, modern science cannot be developed. As defined above, intuition can be regarded as a feeling that leads people to knowledge without inferencing or using reasoning.
Philosophical perspective The selection of philosophical perspective of the research is usually based on the research question. When undertaking research, it is important to consider different research philosophies. The basic philosophical approaches are ontology, epistemology and axiology. Ontology describes the view of the researcher on the nature of reality. It is the assumptions the researcher makes in his mind about the way in which the world works.