Throughout the speech, another scheme King uses frequently is parallelism, the strategy of repeating similar clauses, several times. Parallelism is useful to emphasize things and ideas to the audience, which, like all the other tropes and schemes. Early in his speech, King writes “riches of freedom” and “security of justice” and then “justice rolls down like waters” and “righteousness like a mighty stream.” In these two examples, King is using parallelism to express that the African American wants justice and freedom by repeating them next to each other and mentally connecting them in the reader’s mind, which is also connected with pathos as the terms King uses subtly emphasize those words and create good feelings in the reader. As campaigning …show more content…
King uses it in his speech in order to express all his points. First, King writes that “the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity.” This antithesis makes the audience realize that the Negroes have been left behind and ignored while the rest of modern society has charged forward into prosperity and fortune. From this revelation, the audience will also realize that it is no fault of the Negro that they have been left behind – in contrast, modern society have been dragging them back through racism. In order to dispel any misguided ideas that whites have of the Negroes’ fortune, King tells them directly that Negroes are in poverty as everybody is blocking them from entering the ocean of “material prosperity.” The second time King uses antithesis is when he states that “Nineteen Sixty-Three is not an end, but a beginning,” which he aims to express that the revolution will not stop at 1963; rather it will have a new beginning. Finally, King uses antithesis one more time at the end of his speech, when he writes “when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands.” The pairs he mentions are all the direct opposites of each other, yet he says that they will all join hands together and be friends. King implies that one day, all …show more content…
“I Have a Dream,” however, played a major step into changing it. It managed to inspire a generation of blacks to never give up and made thousands of white Americans bitterly ashamed of their actions, forging a new start for society. Even now, it continues to make generations of people, not just Americans, to give up their racist beliefs and advocate social colorblindness. Without King, America would be probably still heavily segregated. Other than the speech’s heartwarming and moving content, King’s effective structure along with the usage of all three rhetorical modes and certain rhetorical tropes and schemes has revealed the reason “I Have a Dream” as a masterpiece of rhetoric and it persuades hundreds of thousands of people support the blacks instead of treating them
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These literary devices allowed King to perform comparisons, create imagery, and reinforce his points. From these paragraphs, King continues onward to establish more arguments and bring more of the negroes’ situations to the attention to the critics. Within these two paragraphs, King’s use of literary devices created a strong argument that drove forward the meaning of time to the negroes. As a result, King was able to successfully defend his nonviolent campaign, which would go on to create a better united world we live in
By using this metaphor, King provides non-segregated American readers with a new perspective on how African Americans feel towards being segregated. Readers can infer, due to the negative
King uses anaphora to allude to multiple influential figures in order to advocate for the act of extremism. Dr. King expresses his initial disappointment at being labeled a fanatic by his equals, until he realizes that he is being categorized with the many commendable activists who have come before him. King rhetorically asks “Was not Jesus an extremist for love”, “Was not Amos an extremist for justice”, and “[Were] not” several other reputable leaders extremists in order to uphold their beliefs and morals? By repeating “was not” at the beginning of each phrase, King emphasizes how multitudes of highly regarded people have defied unjust beliefs and laws and wound up successful in changing wrongful concepts into conscientious and ethical principles. In addition, by likening himself to admirable historical and biblical figures, King establishes that the actions he and his supporters are taking are for love and the “extension of justice”.
Another piece of Dr’s speech that supports pathos rather than logos, is when he says “I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning…”. This rhetorical device called repetition, supports Dr. King’s main idea that people of color like himself, should be treated equally and all blacks would
In his "Letter form a Birmingham Jail" and his "I have a Dream speech, Dr. King uses metaphor, repetition and parallel structure to provide visual images which may evoke empathy in the readers and audience and emphasize the ideas he presents: the argument for civil rights and the goal to end segregation. Dr. King was an educated man with moral values in his speech and letter in that order he stated "Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood." "Now is the time to lift our national policy from the quicksand of racial injustice to the solid rock of human dignity." When we think of quicksand we think of being stuck and dying if we do not get help. Dr. King recognize the
In the same manner, both writers use several words or statements to support their perspectives and address the audience with the appeal of elicit feelings. In the “Letter from Birmingham Jail” King writes, “...when you have to concoct an answer for a five-year old son asking in agonizing pathos, “Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?” This use of this proposed situation is presented towards the audience so they are able to have an insight of the painful experiences King has experienced. Furthermore, the writer from “The truly awe-inspiring accomplishments of Martin Luther King Jr” writes “He was also an excellent orator and delivered remarkable speeches during his career span. “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character” , is a line from one of his most recognizable speeches, “I have a Dream.”
This description shows that he and fellow persons of colour have had enough with segregation and they will not stand for the depression that comes with oppression. Words like “abyss” and “despair” naturally comes with the connotations of sadness and hopelessness and it does just that with King’s description of racial persecution. An excellent example of the appeal to pathos occurs on paragraph 14 in which King goes on a long diatribe on his racial unrest, he says “But when you… then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait.” The entirety of his diatribe provides examples of how civil change is needed.
As Martin Luther King Jr. served his prison sentence for participating in nonviolent demonstrations against segregation, he wrote an influential open letter titled "Letter from Birmingham Jail". In his letter, King urges the oppressed blacks to rise up to the challenge of overcoming racism and racial segregation. As an experienced orator and rhetorician, King uses many different methods in his writing to evoke a powerful affective response in the reader by creating a sense of urgency and responsibility. He uses techniques such as syntax, diction, parallelism, and Aristotle's three appeals as a call to arms; he argues that direct actions are necessary to break unjust laws, rather than waiting for justice to be served through the prejudiced
In King’s letter, he states, “We must use time creatively, and forever realize that the time is always ripe to do right.” Funny thing is he had lots of time to think about and write this letter. He wanted this letter to encourage and bring up a people that will start a revolution. He needed something, that special something, that would ignite the fire that had somehow died out. His Letter from Birmingham Jail was the match.
King makes an impact on his audience to give them an emotional connection. Metaphors allow the audience to make an emotional association with what the speaker is talking about. To demonstrate that, “as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves”. This quote demonstrates the metaphor being used by Dr. King to allow the audience get a feeling of determination to end racial injustice. The metaphor means that the speech will be a sign of hope to the black people that they will be free and they will gain justice.
Both lincoln’s Gettysburg Address and Martin Luther King's “I have a dream” speech are similar in that they both express the concept of freedom to achieve their purpose. However, they each have different ideas about freedom, and about what they want their audience to do. Both influential speeches rely heavily on rhetorical devices to convey their purpose. In King’s speech, the use of sensory and visceral language is abundant, creating an emotional and powerful atmosphere. “Manacles of discrimination,” “Lonely island of poverty” and “Chains of discrimination” paint a bleak picture of life as a minority in America, and contrasts phrases such as “Bright day of justice” and “Sacred obligation” which symbolize freedom.
This quote seems conflictive that citizens of a country themselves feel they are exiled by their homeland. If this quote is interpret in another way, it seems that King is warning African Americans that they should stand for their civil rights from now. King applied a good rhetorical technique to persuade followers of his ideology to join the war with
The main idea of his speech is that all people were created equal and, although this is no longer the case nowadays, King felt it must be the case for the future. He argued peacefully, yet passionately and powerfully. In preparation for the speech, he studied the Bible, The Gettysburg Address and the US Declaration of Independence and he alludes to all three in his address. The intensity of King’s speech is built through parallelism, metaphors, bold statements and rhythmic repetitions:
King utters, “This sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality,” and, ”we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!” This shows that King is vexed by the methods the white community is treating the black people, and is hopeful that they will change in the future, to become united as brothers and sisters. When Mandela delivered his speech, his tone in “Glory and Hope” is of exhilaration and optimism.
He places the strong authority of the declaration on his side to show how the American people are in contradiction to their own “sacred obligation” and the Negros have gotten a “bad check.” A metaphor representing the unfulfilled promise of human rights for the African Americans. King skillfully evokes an emotional response from all races with the use of religion: “Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.” By doing this he finds a common ground that brings black and whites closer with a common belief in God they share, as well as the mention of