Parenting styles literature review At present, it is well known that parents are not the only ones who contribute to the socialization process in children but they are still the main key concept in child development and socialization of children in society as the constitutes the first element of socialization for human beings (Maccoby, 1992). The relationship between parents and their children has a significant influence on the children, the parental styles are considering as effective elements that help the child to shape their view of themselves and their world (Santrock, 2005 as it cited in Sartaj and Aslam, 2010). Pinquart (2017) stated that there were two of perspectives had been adopted in parenting literature: first; a dimensional
Compare contrast (Asian Parenting and Western Parenting) Nowadays, in society if one was to take a look into the lives of a typically family one would see many different scenarios. The question that the people seem to ask is what makes a perfect family unit? Many believe that the style of parenting has a lot to do with how a child develops and interacts with society, it is apparent that a parenting style can influence a child’s behavior. Parenthood is a privilege but is also a great responsibility. How parents act in child rearing is called parenting styles and geographically speaking there is a wide variety of styles practiced.
The authoritative parenting style, the better child development? ‘Parenting styles have consistently been shown to relate to various outcomes such as youth psychopathology, behavior problems, and academic performance’(E.,M.& R., 2009). Many people comment there is a close relationship between the parenting style and child personal behaviour. Parents are always our life coach. Especially for a primary school-age child, people always claim that parents are the role model of their kids.
(2007) stated that “When describing the child with desirable characteristics… United States mothers focused on a much greater range of attributes-involving personality, social skills, character, and a host of specific traits- than did Japanese.” (p. 481). Whereas Japanese mothers mentioned mostly social roles, responsibilities, etc. In Japan child-rearing practices mother and infant are almost always together. Co-sleeping, co-bathing, etc are very common, and this creates dependence (Rothbaum, et al., 2007). Whereas U.S. practices encourage independence and exploration, so the child learns how to deal with
In Brunei, there is a social norm that highly prioritizes the idea of taking care of families, both through marriage and blood. This can be related to how female youths feel the obligation to obliged to family responsibilities, in respect to how family members should be taken care of. Also, as stated by Dube (2001, p222), kinship acts as a “strong force” in South and Southeast Asia. In chapter 4, this idea of the importance of family is discussed as it may impact decision-making of female youths. It is usually known how families related through blood are considered more important.
These problems are caused by various influential factors ranging from peer and parental influences, environmental, and strain. It also affected by family process variables (e.g. parent-child involvement, communication, parental monitoring), indeed parenting is one of the important factors among them. Parents always play the significant role toward their children to teach them since they were born. They basically mold and shape their children into adults through their world of influence (Baumrind, 1971).
They were measuring responsiveness which is the parents ‘attention and affection for the needs of the child and demands which is the level of rule enforcement, control, and expectations for their child. The most effective parenting style is authoritative parenting, known for high responsiveness and demandingness while authoritarian parenting is known for low responsiveness and high demandingness.Since measuring for authoritarianism and authoritativeness parenting styles is limiting, the researchers measure and observe the patterns of discipline, harsh parenting, monitoring, and acceptance instead. The researchers also measured the parent’s use of harsh parenting and their acceptance to measure their responsiveness, and they used monitoring and discipline to measure the parents’ level of demand. The study also used the Mexican American Cultural Values Scale to evaluate how closely the parents followed traditional cultural values including Familism or Support, Obligations, Referent, and
The primary responsibility for instruction was given to the parents. Both parents were involved, the father was responsible and significant instruction came from the mother. (McClintock and Strong Encyclopedia) It is the duty of parents to teach the children precepts and principles (Deuteronomy 11:9). Parents as the natural instructors were to apply the rod of correction (Proverbs 23:14) when needed even though wise reproof was better. Success is promised when this obligation to educate within the family is honoured.
school ,religion / spirituality exert external pressure on each of us . As the primary agent of socialisation and the first educator, the family plays an essential role in the transmission of fundamental values that encourage and nurture learning in the young Children’s s social background. It is still the most significant factor in determining their success. The performance of the child in school is determined by where they come from. Social background in this case refers to how the child is raised in terms of family setup i.e.
United Nations Declaration of Human Rights in Article 16 declares that “the family is the important group unit of society, and it was their responsibilities to protect the society and state too”. Family must guide their member especially children with values and norms of society. When a child was born, they carry the genetic makeup and biological traits of their parent. However, who they are as human beings will be developed through social interaction. Research says children more strong and understand when they belong to a caring and supportive family.