The way one parent’s a child can either have a positive or negative effect on them. Both sources say that authoritarian and permissive parenting style are the least favorable. They also agree that authoritative is considered the ideal parenting style. Furthermore, both sources agree on the outcomes of each parenting style. The research deemed that higher stress levels causes authoritarian and permissive parent styles which, as a consequence resulted in poorer executive functioning in children.
Permissive parenting is when a parent is so lenient and has absolute no rules for their children. Being a permissive parent includes a lot of nurturing and even some bribery. Diana Baumrind is a developmental psychologist who describes being permissive as having low expectations of maturity and also they do not follow up with discipline. In “What Is Permissive Parenting?”, Baumrind states “permissive parents are more responsive than they are demanding. They are nontraditional and lenient, do not require mature behavior, allow considerable self-regulation, and avoid confrontation."
Permissive parenting style is when parents tend to be lenient and may only step in when there is a serious problem. There may be few consequences for misbehavior because parents have an attitude of "kids will be kids." Permissive parenting is potentially a harmful style of parenting simply because permissive parents take on more of a friend role than a parent role. Few rules are set for the children of permissive parents, and the rules are inconsistent when they do exist. This lack of structure causes children to grow up with little self-discipline and self-control.
Hence, they tend to adopt and imitate such methods of disciplining the children. In addition, there are a total of four types of parenting styles in general including: Authoritarian, Authoritative, Permissive and Uninvolved/Neglectful (Morin, 2017). Characteristics and
Parenting styles usually do not go into full effect until the child can understand and react. According to Hibbard and Walton (2014), parenting styles are extended to two factors as to what parenting styles will teach their children. The two factors include: Demandingness, which is the standards or demands that are set by the parents. Responsiveness pertains to how the parents react and communicate with their children (Hibbard & Walton, 2014, pg. 270).
Verenikina, Vialle, and Lysaght (2011) found that permissive parenting approaching their children with easy going and very casual methods and having open communication and developed warmer relationship between them. Kang and Moore (2011) know that children who are brought by permissive parents tend to be more independent and faced less frustration. A study by Strage and Brandt (1991) found that children are also more likely will be involved in social behaviours and do not score in school, however they have higher confidence level, better social skills, and lower levels of depression than children who are raised by authoritarian parents. (Condry & Simon, 1974; Steinberg, 1987) noted that children and adolescents from permissive family are vulnerable to antisocial
Diana Baumrind (1971), has been credited for defining three specific parenting styles and their consequences for children. These are: authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive styles of parenting based on levels of warmth and control used by the parent in disciplining the child. According to Baumrind (1991), parenting styles are meant to capture normal variations in the attempt of parents to socialize children. Two points are critical in understanding this definition: i. Parenting style is meant to describe normal variations in parenting.
Each family has its own ideas of raising their children. Authoritative parenting, permissive parenting, and the balance out of both. Understanding the differences between these parenting styles can possibly influence parents to self-reflect on their own strategies and potentially make changes. Working as an au-pair for over a year now, taking care of a four year old, makes me see that my mother had a different parenting style than the family I work for now. Is authoritative parenting better than permissive parenting, or is a balance of both forms the better way to raise my future children?
With the aim of understanding the effects of parenting styles on social behaviour of children, I have studied many researches and realised that parenting style has a major role in a child’s social behavioural development. Parenting style is over all style or example we took from our parents in bringing up one's children instead of a particular choice taken at a particular circumstance. This pattern develops the personality of the child. There are two fundamental components of parenting style, one is responsiveness that is the amount you're willing to give freedom to your child and the other is demanding that is the way strict you are or dutifulness you require. While authoritarian parents are exceptionally strict and controlling, authoritative parents are much warmer and communicative.
There is a saying that goes, “Spare the rod, spoil the child.”, which means children will only grow better when parents are harsh. It seems that severe parenting is essential in cultivating their child which making room for them to achieve success. In point of fact, children relatively get a poor academic result under strict parenting comparing with other parenting styles. Supported by a study from two kindergarteners, Melissa Kamins and Carol Dweck (1999), children performed worse on problem-solving tasks when they were given sets of rules. Another study of adolescents in the San Francisco Bay Area also showed that authoritarian parenting style was linked with lower school grades (Dornbusch et al 1987).