Research has supported the idea that these two main parental rearing dimensions play a role in the development of psychopathology in children and adolescents, especially in the development of internalizing problem behavior (Muris, Meesters, & van Brakel, 2003). For example, Ritchie and Buchanan (2010) suggest that negative parenting styles are significantly correlated with raised scores on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; Muris et al.,
Citation: Carter, J., Mulder, R., & Darlow, B. (2007). Parental stress in the NICU: the influence of personality, psychological, pregnancy and family factors. Wiley InterScience: Personality and Mental Health, 1(1), 40-50. doi: 10.1002/pmh.4 Purpose of the Study: The purpose of this study was to first determine factors associated with parental stress with a newborn in the NICU, and then compare these factors and their response between mothers and fathers. “The objective of this study is to compare sources of NICU stress for mothers and fathers and explore variables associated with NICU stress.” (Background) The parent’s perception of stress (Mother vs father) and the factors that contribute to stress perception were also included.
In the third stage, the Validity Checklist studies the psychology of the child being questioned; the interview process of the child and the therapist; the motivational issues in the case and the interview questions. The detailed analysis would help in removing bias or distortion of data. (Raskin and Esplin ,1991) In the Kelly Michaels
A Child and Caregiver Perspective Rosalie L. Noren Blackburn College This article is about how the transition into foster care can be hard for a child. Many social workers, psychologists, and therapists analyzed how a child's care and environment could affect their internal and external behavior. The social workers, psychologists, and therapists also studied how children in foster care defined their relationships with his or her foster parents. The researchers then asked foster parents how they defined the relationship between themselves and their foster child. The article ties the two main focus’ together to show how a child’s internal behavior such as depression, anxiety, withdrawn self-esteem; and external behaviors such as incarceration, pregnancy, homelessness, substance abuse, defiance, and running away can be greatly altered based on how he or she is treated in a foster home (Orme & Buehler, 2001).
Whencaregivers believe that parental involvement is not respected by schools they are less likely to get engaged. Thus, parents’ observations of invitations from schools are believeed crucial in developing successful parental involvement. Epstein (2001), states that caregivers would efficiently get involved when teachers keenly give confidence parental involvement. Teachers, who think positively of parental involvement, encourage more parents to become involved and increase the effectiveness of participation (Eccles and Harold, 1993).The outlooks of parents on whether they have sufficient skills and knowledge to engage in different aspects of involvement will be influenced by their educational level(Green, Walker, Hoover-Dempsey, and Sandler. 2007).
She stated that based on the quality of parental care, a child would fall within three categories of attachment. A child whom received sufficient care, would develop secure attachment and, thus, be confident and steady individuals. Yet, a child receiving insufficient care, would either become insecurely anxious-ambivalent, thus, becoming clingy, distrustful and hypervigilant to the world; or alternatively would become insecurely avoidant, being rather dismissive to situations around them (Bretherton, 1992; Main, 2000). A fourth category of disorganised attachment was added, referring to children whom lacked attachment mechanisms completely (Main, 2000). Both these theorists wanted to display the importance of early life experiences in development and the following arguments will display how their theories proved
This essay will discuss the role of ecological validity in psychological research, drawing on material from the DE100 textbook ‘Investigating Psychology’. It will begin by giving a description of what ecological validity is, and consider it in relation to different examples of research. The research used to discuss the role of ecological validity will be based around social learning and aggression, behaviourism, and memory. Firstly the study of Bandura et al. will be considered, his experiments on children copying violent behaviours using the Bobo doll experiment.
Genetics are said to play a role in the potential for dependency. Basically if a parent is a drug or alcohol user the more likely the child will also abuse drugs and alcohol. Studies have shown that abnormalities in brain development are also associated with drug users and the hormones of the body play a big role in this. A nurse can play a big role in eliminating possible stressors in children; therefore, potentially lowering the dependency rate. When a nurse encounters a patient that is young and notices signs of abuse the nurse can take action.
Brummelman et al.’s article, “Origins of Narcissism in Children,” introduces the social learning theory and the psychoanalytic theory. These theories are used to analyze the correlation between the origins of narcissism in children and parental overvaluation or lack of parental warmth. However, there were multiple