Parenting Styles In Adolescence

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This review of related literature begins with a discussion on adolescent development and the background of Chinese adolescent. Then the development of prosocial behavior is presented. After that parenting style is discussed. Next, it is followed by a review of filial piety, which represents Chinese culture. Later, it is followed by a review of relationship between parenting styles and adolescents’ prosoical behavior. Lastly, the moderation of filial piety in the relation of parenting styles and prosocial behavior among adolescents is presented.
Adolescence
According to Owens (2002) and Feldman (2003), adolescence is a specific developmental period between childhood and adulthood for individuals. Generally, adolescents undergo multiple changes
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However, nutrition was proved to affect timing of puberty and the onset of puberty tends to start earlier than before (Kaplowitz, et al., 2001). Furthermore, the length of adolescence is defined by biologically maturation or socially taking obligation roles (Schlegel, 2009). Owens (2002) clarified the length of adolescence into three phrases: early adolescence, middle adolescence and late adolescence. Early adolescence is the first phrase from the age of 10 to 13, which is usually called puberty (Owens, 2002). Middle adolescence is the second period between the ages of 14 and 16, which is related to identity issue (Owens, 2002). Late adolescence is a time from the ages of 17 to 20, which is characterized the transition preparing for becoming an adult role (Owens, 2002). Likewise, Baumrind (1991) defined adolescence is between the age of 10 to 21. Although the time period of adolescence is not precisely defined, it is commonly recognized from puberty to age 18 or 21 (Feldman, 2003; Degner,…show more content…
Among approximately 1.3 billion Chinese people, around 16% of them are youth aged from 15 to 24 (China Youth-Policy and Youth Work, 2005, cited in Chen & Chang, 2012). In terms of one-child policy released in 1979, urban adolescents are almost all only children (Chen & Chang, 2012). The length of adolescence in China, from age 11 or 12 to age 18 or 19, is generally accepted by Chinese psychologists (Chen & Chang, 2012). The significant events related to adolescent are entering into middle school and graduating from high school (Chen & Chang, 2012). In other words, middle school and high school students are perceived as adolescents (Chen & Chang,

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