Parenting Styles In Psychology

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In the book Outliers, by Malcolm Gladwell, Annette Lareau’s study brings up different parenting styles. Annette Lareau provides information supporting the idea of two different kinds of study aligning closely with income level. She followed twelve families, focusing on children, of different race, gender, and income level, but they shared age. While acting as the family dog, she discovered two parenting styles, “concerned cultivation” in the middle class, and “natural growth” in the working class. Concerned cultivation included planning and helping a child succeed in any way possible. Natural growth relied on the kids to learn and grow themselves. While Annette Lareau got the umbrella of parenting techniques, she did not consider outside factors that shaped both the parent and child.
Lareau hits the tip of the iceberg with parenting style covering a broad generalization of parenting styles. Lareau covers two types of parenting, “The wealthier parents were heavily involved in their children 's free time, shuttling them from one activity to the next … That kind of intensive scheduling was almost entirely absent from lives of poor children” (Lareau 102-103). This applies to the broad spectrum but psychology puts parenting into four categories. Psychology’s four distinct parenting types include two in each category Lareau believed in. Psychology classifies them into authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and uninvolved. Authoritarian and authoritative fall into Lareau’s
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