Parenting Styles Literature

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Parenting styles literature review At present, it is well known that parents are not the only ones who contribute to the socialization process in children but they are still the main key concept in child development and socialization of children in society as the constitutes the first element of socialization for human beings (Maccoby, 1992). The relationship between parents and their children has a significant influence on the children, the parental styles are considering as effective elements that help the child to shape their view of themselves and their world (Santrock, 2005 as it cited in Sartaj and Aslam, 2010). Pinquart (2017) stated that there were two of perspectives had been adopted in parenting literature: first; a dimensional…show more content…
(2012), parenting styles are crucial agents that influencing all aspects and stages of a child 's development. According to Maccoby & Martin (1983) (as cited in Ishak et al., 2012) parenting is a continuum and includes two significant elements “responsiveness” and “demandingness”. According to Baurmind (1991); the parental demandingness refers to “the claims parents make on children to become integrated into the family as a whole, by their maturity demands, supervision, disciplinary efforts and willingness to confront the child who disobeys’’ and responsiveness refers to ‘‘the extent to which parents intentionally foster individuality, self-regulation, and self-assertion by being attuned, supportive and acquiescent to children’s special needs and…show more content…
The first dimension related to efficacious role played by parents to enhance honouring social norms, values and conventions which parents expect their children to adopt whereas the second dimension is the emotional ties between parents and their children (Dwairy et al., 2006; Power, 2013). Baumrind had identified three behavioural patterns in preschool children: firstly, was “assertive, self-reliant, self-controlled, buoyant, and affiliative”. Secondly, “discontented, withdrawn, and distrustful”. Thirdly, “little self-control or self-reliance, and retreat from novelty” (Baumrind, 1967; Power,

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