The children of authoritarian parents tend to be controlled through shaming, the withdrawal of love, or other punishments and reasons for rules are not usually explained (Baumrind 1966). According to the research of Baumrind parenting styles shows results of predicting child well-being in the key areas of social competence, academic performance, behaviour and psychological development. Children and adolescents from authoritarian families tend to perform moderately well in school and be uninvolved in problem behavior, but they have poorer social skills, lower self-esteem, and higher levels of depression (Baumrind
Severe said, “Spankings can affect a child’s attitude; children who are frequently spanked feel insecure…Many children who are spanked have poor self-esteem. Some children withdraw. Others become excitable, overactive and aggressive.” When a parent loses control of a situation they result to this taboo
People surrounding a depressed person have a huge influence on how the victim could cope up with the situation, some people tend to have high expectations and sometimes they would pressure the victim, which can make the victim even more depressed. Though, depression can also be the effect of puberty, such as hormonal changes and such. Peer pressure and parents/teachers forcing the teen to have higher grades causes stress in general and adds up to cause depression. Having a rough or traumatic childhood can also cause depression, such as physical and verbal abuse from a parent or someone close to the victim. Depressed teens feel like they 're lonely and no one understands them.
Parenting styles literature review At present, it is well known that parents are not the only ones who contribute to the socialization process in children but they are still the main key concept in child development and socialization of children in society as the constitutes the first element of socialization for human beings (Maccoby, 1992). The relationship between parents and their children has a significant influence on the children, the parental styles are considering as effective elements that help the child to shape their view of themselves and their world (Santrock, 2005 as it cited in Sartaj and Aslam, 2010). Pinquart (2017) stated that there were two of perspectives had been adopted in parenting literature: first; a dimensional
Learned helplessness Theory is defined as the failure of an individual to overcome a problem that make them to struggle with that situation (Atari Mohanty, Ravindran Kumar pradhan, Lalatendu Kesari Jena, 2015). This theory can explained in many situations. According to Siew Ling 's case, she was learning helplessness since young. She affected by this theory because of her father. Most of the time Siew Ling 's father was scare her by his abusive methods.
Parenting style is one of the variables that have been studied extensively in human development (Baldwin, Mclntyre, & Hardaway, 2007). It is considered an important determinant of several aspects of children’s outcome (Gadeyne, Ghesquiere, &Onghena, 2004). The behavior of a parent towards their child often reflects the attitude and personality that the child will develop. The respective parenting style of a parent affects academic achievement (Lamborn, Mounts, Steinberg, &Dornbusch, 1991), optimism (Baldwin, Mclntyre, & Hardaway, 2007), confidence (Strage& Brandt, 1999), motivation (Gonzalez &Wolters, 2006), and externalizing problem behavior and attention problems (Gadeyne, Ghesquiere, &Onghena, 2004). The researchers developed 4 main indicators in determining the scope of the effects of authoritarian parenting; Discipline, Social Skills, Performance, and Emotional Growth.
For instance, a client who also complained of physical violence said that her 4 year old child doesn’t like her father and says that he will hit him (his father) and his father hits the client. So, apart from psychology of the parents their behaviour also has a huge impact on a child’s
Divorced people do not converse like they did when married, people tend to fight and bicker more therefore causes problems for the family unit. Fighting more during or after a divorce ultimately makes the issue broaden. Fighting around children in the household often leads to the children more facing problems. Children can start having trust issues. This could leave the child not knowing which parent to trust because they feel abandoned and often scared due to the constant disagreements.
At all stages however, they are engaged in developing different aspects of their personalities, cognition and emotions. As children have different interests at different ages, they will have low tolerance towards their siblings who are interested in other things. As they are young and are not mature enough to offer selfless attention their siblings, it will result in sibling rivalry. c) Even if the sibling rivalry happens at a young age, its effects don’t show up until the child matures and reaches adolescence. When the child reaches adolescence, all the bottled up rage starts to manifest itself in the form of destructive behaviour against himself or others.
Teens usually ignore this type of anger because it threatened them and increases stress. 3. Aggressive: this is the most threatening behavior which leads to violent acts towards oneself, other people and environment. It also damages work or school problems and destroys relationships. The signs and symptoms to recognize the aggression in teens are clinging of teeth, increased blood pressure, increase heart rate, irritability, loud pressured speech, intrusive demands for attention and verbal threats towards