“Aside from stress, there are two alternative hypotheses for why partnership instability might be associated with children’s behavior problems” (McLanahan and Osborne, 2007). The first hypothesis is the selection hypothesis which place both partnership and instability and the child behavior problems together. For instance, a parent can have psychological problems and find it difficult for him/her to maintain it, and his/her child can display more behavior problems. The second hypothesis is the reverse causality, and this is when parents have a child who has a serious behavior problem that can cause more partnership instability. In addition to this, parents raising a child without being married is similar to parents who are divorced.
It is important for parents to help their 21st children cope with stress and develop a skill and habit to handle everyday pressure. Most kids may not initiate conversation with parents when they are facing peer pressure, but parents should try to open the communication line once they notice some changes in their children. Parents should understand what their kids worry more about, because such worries are the earliest symptoms of peer pressure, they include; - Grades, and tests, - Changing their bodies and appearances, - Fitting in with their friends, - The goals or scoring chances they missed at sporting events, - The number of people who dislike or like them. - The bullies they face often, and - What their teachers tell them. When a child is overwhelmed by peer pressure, there are certain symptoms they do show, these include; - Sad and irritable mood with tearful feelings, - Not
The primary function of family is to provide socialization, caring, financial and emotional assistant. Affecting these factors by distinctive parental behavior, future development of children could be differed remarkably. The authoritarian parenting style, as known as harsh and strict parenting, is mainly mentioned in many research or essays because of the influence to the teenagers. In this case, this essay believes that this style has negative effect to individual youngster in the future. This type of nurturing produces the intrapersonal development problem to children.
One of, if not the most important issue regarding child welfare is the role parents play in their children’s lives. A major issue facing the protection of children is lack of proper parenting education. According to research by the National Children’s Alliance “More than 3 million American children are investigated for child maltreatment each year." The site also states that “Nearly 700,000 children are abused in the U.S annually" and even more alarming statics is that “In 2016, an estimated 1,750 children died from abuse and neglect in the United States.” A major part of this issue stems from parents who overwhelmed or are underprepared to be parents lacking the proper resources and parental knowledge to take care of their children. This is
For instance, parents may rewarding only some positive emotion expression. Conversely, they can also punishing their children to interfere the negative emotions expression of children (Gottman et al. As cited in Parke & Gauvain, 2009, p. 181). Generally, parents who respond to their smiling infant with passion will encourage him to smile more. According to Nicole Bush, a child clinical psychologist, she studies the relationship between environment and development.
The lie of a parent can be well armed that it takes maturity of a child to become aware of it. They might forgive but not forget, nor-erased traumatic events that will remain in their memories. Our educational actions receive from adults (parents, teachers, siblings, grandparents) in our infancy-stages build and create our characteristics. We become who we are based on our personality- a result of our temper. Our behavior is reflected based on beliefs, values and life experiences.
ii. Family Dysfunction Theory This theory explains that the family’s interactions may lead to abuse and often abuse occurs in broken relationships. Some reasons why children are confined to violence by a parent is because they are considered as a way of ‘getting at’ the other parent or that he/she may be a ‘scapegoat’, the unacceptable in the family and the cause for all the family’s ills. Kempe and Kempe (1978) suggested that sometimes child sexual abuse may help in keeping the families together; a teenage girl who is being sexually abused by his father who himself is in need of emotional and physical pleasure because such relations have been broken with his wife. However, feminist theorists, Hall and Lloyd (1992), criticized the family dysfunction theory because they lack focus on the power relations within the family.
As an individual lacks a relationship with their parents it could possibly lead in engaging in delinquency. According to previous research, it is revealed that there is a strong connection between the experience of violence and negative behaviours in children (Osofsky, 1999). Negative aspects such as rejection and neglect in a relationship between a child and a parent could result in the need to turn to delinquency. The negative effects of violence can range from an individual being temporary upset, to post traumatic stress disorder, and to increased aggressive and violent behaviour
Physical and emotional abuse, including social ostracism, has short-term and long-term consequences for the mental and physical health of individuals who are the victims of it. The experience of abuse makes a child more likely to be affected by stressful environment and leads to a number of physical problems. In addition to this, child abuse negatively influences children 's cognitive skills, their ability to concentrate and participate in social situations. Some people might, however, believe that the hardship that an individual might overcome in his or her childhood might, in fact, positively influence his or her assertiveness and inner strength. The experience of abuse will not make a child stronger or more resistant to external social influences.
Something that cause child abuse ae having a bad temper or a low self esteem, but some effects are suicidal behaviour or poor development in the brain. Children are dying from child abuse but if people educate younger children, in the future they will not abuse drugs or alcohol which is the cause of child abuse. As a member of society people need to be educated at (www.dos.pa.gov) also people can donate to (www.childhelp.org) by doing these things people can help get rid of child