Parliament In Mauritius

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The Parliament in Mauritius The National Assembly of Mauritius consists of a unicameral parliament. It was previously known as Legislative Assembly until in 1992 the island became a republic. The composition of the Parliament is provided by the Constitution of Mauritius which says that the parliament shall be made up of the President and the National Assembly. The Westminster system of parliamentary sovereignty is the model from which the Parliament of Mauritius has been made. General elections are held regularly every 5 years and according to the first past the post system the public vote and elect their members of Parliament. The parliament is composed of 70 members. Out of these 70, 62 are elected directly for five-year terms in multi-member…show more content…
The National Assembly is the executive of the country. According to the Constitution, the prime minister is accountable to, and must uphold the assistance of the assembly. As such every time the office of prime minister falls vacant, the President has the responsibility of appointing the member who is supported by the House, or who is most likely to command the support of the House—he will normally be the leader of the largest party in the assembly. The Official Opposition also known as the Leader of Opposition is elected by the President of the Republic according to which political party or alliance form the second largest majority. 70 members make the composition of the National Assembly. 62 of them are directly elected accordingly from the 21 constituencies. The island of Mauritius consists of 20 constituencies. Each one returns three members each and the other 2 is elected from Rodrigues, the only one returning 2 members. According to section 5 of the First Schedule of the Constitution, after the general elections 8 additional members may be nominated by the Electoral Supervisory Commission in order to provide a balance in the community representation in Parliament. This system of nomination of members is commonly known as the best loser…show more content…
The Cabinet is made up of elected members of the National Assembly who are chosen by the Prime Minister except for the Attorney General, who may not be an elected member of the Assembly. The new session fixing the date and time of the sitting is done by the President through proclamation after the election of a new National Assembly the President reads the government message (replacing the speech of the throne). Tuesdays as from 11:30 AM is the date and time when the Assembly usually sits when it is in session. Adjournment, prorogation or dissolution of the assembly may be done by the President at any time who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister Officials/Functions of the Assembly The following positions/body have important functions in the assembly. They are as follows: • The Speaker - Ensuring that the Standing Orders and Rules of the National Assembly are compiled is the most important task of the speaker. Interpretation and enforcement by the Speaker of the Standing Orders and for the purpose of interpretation, recourse is often had to Erskine May 's Parliamentary Practice, responds to Members ' points of order and give rulings when necessary. The authority of the Parliament is represented by the
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