The president’s role is to carry out the "functions of the executive" which is outlined in Iranian constitution. The president is directly elected by the people of Iran, which gives him legitimate authority to carry out his functions. The president of Iran has all the trappings of a head of state, receiving and appointing ambassadors, singing treaties and legislations, but in fact, the Supreme Leader is the head of state. The president is however, the head of the government. This role includes overseeing the executive powers of the government, selecting and presiding over the Council of Ministers, appointing ambassadors, governors, mayors and directors of the Iranian Oil Company, National Bank and the Plan and Budget
For Jennings, “the Cabinet is the core of the constitutional system”. It is the Cabinet who decides the policies which are to be placed before the parliament for its approval. The Cabinet draws its powers from the constitution itself. 3.1 THE ROLE OF THE POLITICAL EXECUTIVE IN THE LOCAL SPHERE OF
BRITISH INSTITUTIONS: PARLIAMENT AND MONARCHY 1. What is the Parliament? The Parliament is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependences and overseas territories. It possesses legislative supremacy and ultimate power over the rest of political bodies in the UK and its territories. It examines what the Government is doing, creates new laws, retains the power to tax fixation and it is where the concerns of the day are debated.
CANADA’S PARLIAMENT Canada’s Parliament, as conceived by the Fathers of Confederation in 1867, continues to be a vibrant example of democracy in action. In Parliament, our representatives examine the top issues of the day, decide on policies and laws, and hold the government accountable for its actions. Canada's parliamentary system is open and democratic. It offers the opportunity for people to give their input and it is designed to make sure proposals for laws are carefully considered. Canada’s Parliament consists of three parts: the Queen (our Head of State), represented by the Governor General; the appointed Senate; and the elected House of Commons.
The Executive: This is the arm of government that executes the laws made by the legislature. It is also responsible for general administration at the federal level. The President heads the Executive at the federal level. The Vice President, Ministers, personal assistants and special advisers assist the President. The President, the Vice
Unlike Hobbes, Locke noted that even with the formation of government, people have the right to have a private life to pursue whatever actives they want to pursue (Stanka). Like what Locke said, every person has natural rights and it is the government`s duty to protect these rights (Second Treatise of Government). Individual rights play an important role for democracy today, that if a state does not protect their citizen`s rights they are automatically labelled as undemocratic. Instead of a sovereign ruler as Hobbes suggested, Locke would instead see the sovereign not as one individual ruler but a sovereign of the people. Locke believed that the government was made up by the people of the society.
These political systems range from direct democracies to totalitarian regimes, such as military dictatorships. Common systems in the modern world include democratic republics, monarchies, and representative democracies. There are also primarily theoretical types of governments, like a strict meritocracy. One of the most often-talked about political system is a representative democracy. This is a system in which representatives are directly elected by the citizens, and these representatives then make political decisions for the people, with the assumption that their decisions will reflect the general will of the republic.
The people have popular sovereignty, they control the government. The Preamble of the Constitution states, “We the People,” as in the citizens of the United States. The people are the ones who decide whether or not the government is able to do something. Senators and Representatives directly represent their constituents. The people rule their country through their Congress members.
At another level, constitutions entails the basic operating procedures of the political communities, encompassing society’s “rules for making rules”. The constitution provides for the machinery ‘The Parliament’ which established for the proper functioning of the government and in the interest of the people of the country. Parliament is the legislative
Myanmar Myanmar government system is the Parliamentary Government. The president is the head of state and the power is shared through three branches of government which are the Executive Branch, the Legislature Branch and the judicial branch. In the Executive branch of or the presidency, the President is elected by the parliament from three Vice President of different parliament house which are the upper house, the lower house and military member parliament each nominate one Vice President. He or she can serves for 5 years term. Moreover, the president has the power to appoint the cabinet, government ministers and nominated judge.