Parsis , non-Hindu religious minority, are perhaps the only community which has experienced dramatic population and fertility decline outside Europe (Coale, 1973; Coale and Watkin, 1986). India has one billion plus population characterized by wide cultural differences among different communities within the national territory (Kulke, 1974). Various population policies floated at different points in time over the past 60 years by the Indian government have offered incentives in various forms to its people for restricting family sizes, in order to arrest the rate of population growth. However, the Parsi community in India has consistently exhibited an exceptional decline in its population count.. The community members are not mandated to register births at a central Registry either under the aegis of the government or under that of the Bombay Parsi Panchayat- the apex body of the community.
Study of Zoroastrian myth of migration from Iran and settlement in the Indian diaspora (Williams: 2009); social condition and internal family economy of Zoroastrian under the rule of the Sasanian law and transformations of the law in order to preserve the Zoroastrian minority under Arab rule (Hjerrild: 2003); The development of Zoroastrian religion, their traditions, and ritual performance (Boyce: 2001); Zoroastrian culture in India after independence (Luhermann 1996); research on the Zoroastrian traditions (Negosiam 1993); conflict and cooperation between Zoroastrian and Muslim elites in medieval Iranian society (Choksy: 1997); and the religious belief and rituals of Zoroastrians (Boyce: 1985). The works of these scholars have paid less attention to the recent social, cultural and religious situation of the Zoroastrian people in Iran. So far, no one written about the process of cultural and religious practice change of the Zoroastrian people in contemperanous era under the rule if Islamic republic of
Though pioneers in fields as diverse as medicine, law, aviation, industry, and politics, the Parsis today face a unique demographic challenge rather distinct from the still rapid population growth observed in India as a whole. While the population in the country grew by close to 185% between 1951 and 2001, the Parsi population experienced a negative growth of 37.7% during the same period (Registrar General of India 2001). The decline of the Parsi population has been observed for over five decades, and has raised serious concerns amongst social scientists and the community itself of a possible extinction (Unisa et al. 2008). This would represent a tragic loss of cultural diversity for India and the world.
However worship at the temple and participation in the festival are not restricted solely to Chettiars. The temple is open to all hindu devotees (Schrader and Pavadarayan, 1994), and the Thaipusam festival in Singapore is extremely popular among the Indian community as crowds of Indians gather together, and Little India becomes a sacred place (Kuah, 1998). Others outside of the Indian community also attend some of the celebrations like concerts and dramas to catch a glimpse of Indian cultural heritage (Kuah, 1998). Thaipusam is an example of a cultural/religious gathering that the Chettiar community initially organized in Singapore and continues to do so
In Pakistani culture no one can be truly independent as the family bond with the family leads anything related to the self. It is as that every family member has their own set of responsibilities towards the family that they must fulfill. The simple and basic idea of moving out of the parent’s house is consider disrespectful and very profane in Pakistani culture however in Canadian culture it is much common and sanctioned of moving out of the parent’s house after a certain age. 2. The lifestyle of regular Pakistani people is different from the Canadians.
In addition, religion is also a big aspect of Indian culture, which most of the hijras base their beliefs on a polytheistic religion. The hijras center their culture of worship to Bachurama Mata, one of the Mother Goddess that exist and predominate in India. According to the research from Adnan Hossain in his article “Beyond Emasculation: Being Muslim and Becoming
As old as they are, saris are still very prevalent in Indian culture today, for reasons that range from practicality to that of the Hindu faith. History The history of the sari is one that goes back thousands of years in the Middle East. According to Jarman (2014), the earliest found depiction of a sari was found in the Indus Valley in 100 B.C. The
As we all know that Harappan civilization was a Bronze Age dated from 3300 to 1300 BCE mostly situated in North-West Indian subcontinent and in some parts of North-East Afghanistan. Majority of its sites are found in India and the largest concentration being along the Valley of Saraswati River and its tributary Drisadvati. This civilization, though being one of the oldest showed remarkable urban characteristics relevant to present day urban characteristics and was well known to the world for this. It’s known for its planned cities, drainage system and fire brick. Another remarkable aspect of Harappan culture was its craftsmanship and cottage industry which made it the wealthiest civilization in the world.
The British penetrated into it as traders and in time had become the rulers of India. Resultantly, contact with the white man brought drastic changes in Indian society, which is still alive today. They left strong imprints of their philosophy, culture and language, which have been integrated into the Indian lifestyle. The encounter between the British and the Indian princes got immense significance in the Indian history. The native princes, who had ruled over a number of states within British India, were the true embodiment of India’s rich culture, tradition, valour, pride and governance.
During the Mukharjee Settlement the Kundha (Kurukh) are named as Kisan. They are unique in their cultural dance and marriage. The life style of Kisan population in Sundargarh district has been changed with the changing world. The role of globalization, westernization, modernization has great impact on Kisan life style as well as on other tribal of Sundargarh district. The impact of Christianization has brought about change in life style of some of the recognized tribal belong to Sundargarh district Introduction: Adivasi is term for a heterogeneous set of ethnic and tribal groups believed to be the aboriginal population of India.