This essay will be focused on the cultural use, differences and similarities of Greek and Roman architecture with special focus on Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome Italy. Both buildings have various similarities; I will focus on how each country adapts to their differences. It is important to note that five (5) architectural orders were highly favored in the Greek and Roman architectural pattern. The Parthenon and Pantheon are both ancient temples, while the Parthenon was built in Ancient Greece for the goddess of Athena as a gratitude to heaven for the defeat of Persia; the pantheon was built in Rome to celebrate the Roman gods. Construction of Parthenon started in 447 BC when Athenian Empire was at the height of its power (web archive.org (n.d.)) earlier than Pantheon of Rome (27 BC – 14 AD during the reign of Augustus (Wikipedia n.d.) .
Virgil encouraged Roman pride and patriotism by stressing the importance of family and heritage and by affiliating Rome with greatness. There are three parallels to me between Aeneid and the politics during the life of Augustus. In the Aeneid, Aeneas is depicted as the only hope for the rebirth of the powerful Trojan people. With divine authority, Aeneas and Augustus ' are both symbolic in
Art: In art the Romans used mosaics, we still use mosaics today. Architecture: In Rome there were many architectural breakthroughs, and they were adopted by Rome’s neighbors. (Etruscans and Greeks) In the world today specifically in the U.S. you can find evidence of Roman architecture. For example in Washington D.C. our nation’ capitol you could not throw a rock and not hit a structure that
In the last joint campaign by Sparta and Athens the strategically important city of Byzantium is liberated from Persian rule. Representatives from both athens and other Aegan aty-states met in Delos to form a coalition, that was later known as the Delian League. The Delian Legue was formed for mutual defense, but it was also made to liberate the Greek Cities of Lonia from the Persian rule. A couple of years the Athenian General Cimon wins a great victory over the Persians at the mouth of the Eurymedon River, in southwest Turkey. Herodotus, known as the “father of history; wrote his accounts of the Greco-Persian wars from a vantage point in Asia Minor in 460 BC.
He transformed the lands from Egypt to India into a new Greek world. Greeks had conquered the world, so they exported their way of life. But, there are no kingdoms without a king, and with Alexander’s swift and stunning compromise, his empire would crumble almost as quickly as it was built. 404 BC., a long and bloody 27-years’ war has come to an end. Athens is dominated and destroyed
As stated by Kamm, A., & Graham, A. (2014), the notably large method of Roman painters was the development of landscape painting, a genre in which the Greeks exhibited little interest. In their effort to satisfy the huge demand for paintings throughout the empire, from officials, senior army officers, householders and the whole public, Roman artists created panel paintings (in encaustic and tempera), large and small-scale murals (in fresco), and gain superiority over all the painting genres, including their own brand of "triumphal" history painting. Many of the Roman paintings that lived on are in Pompeii and Herculaneum. They are decorative murals, featuring seascapes and landscapes, and were painted by skilled 'interior decorators ' instead of virtuoso
As the Greeks colonized and took over new areas, their art and literature was inspired by the new cultures they found and also helped to inspire many others to take part in the era 's creative revolutions. This impacted math and science as well. Anaximenes came up with a theory of gravity, Xenophanes wrote about his discovery of fossils and Pythagoras came up with his famous Pythagoras theorem. Throughout ancient Greece 's history, there had been no central government or a country named Greece, only city-states. They were all technically Greeks and spoke the same language but they fought against each other and had their own coinage and government and often had wars with each other.
Octavian was the heir to the Roman Republic after Julius Caesar was assassinated. The Roman Republic was just coming out of a civil war and was falling to pieces. So Octavian decided he would put thing into his own hands to make things better. This is a quote from Octavian himself talking about the republic. “In my sixth and seventh consulships [28-27 BC], after I had extinguished civil wars, and at a time when with universal consent I was in complete control of affairs, I transferred the republic from my power to the dominion of the senate and the people of Rome…After this time I excelled all in influence [auctoritas], although I possessed no more official power [potestas] than others who were my colleagues in the several magistracies.” ( Before Octavian became had complete control of Rome, he had to gain control of over the senate.
The discovery of the writings of Cicero, encouraged people to love the pursuit of wisdom itself, and had a significant effect on the course of the life of Augustine. John Lord states, “The Greeks themselves, after Grecian liberties were swept away and Greek cities became a part of the Roman Empire. The Romans learned what the Greeks created and taught; and philosophy, as well as art, became identified with the civilization which extended from the Rhine and the Po to the Nile and the Tigris.” Burckhardt provides a short history of the Roman Empire stating, “Rome shook the Gauls and the Etruscans, subdued the Samnites, and made its presence felt in lower Italy. Then the highest representative of the Diadochian warlords appears, Pyrrhus, and
Many years after the Punic Wars were over, Julius Caesar ordered for the cities of Carthage and Corinth to be rebuilt. Now Carthage is one of the most famous trade centers in the world. He ended the rule of corrupt emperors by taking the throne, being the best emperor Rome ever had, and being appointed as dictator for life. He enlarged the Senate allowing the people to have as much representation in the government as possible. In an article, it states that Caesar attempted to fix local governments making them work smoothly.
This paper will examine the complex history of the Temple of Dendur and analyze its visual artworks while giving context to the larger history that was happening at the time. It will discuss the impact the Roman Empire had on Egypt while under Roman rule and why the Temple of Dendur is currently located in the Met. The Temple of Dendur is very interesting that the Egyptian temple that was built while under the rule of the Roman Empire. It is dedicated toward the Egyptian gods instead of the Roman gods. Normally when a nation becomes part of a bigger empire, its unique culture and religion are often destroyed or discriminated by the conquerors.
The soil that the Erechtheion was built on was known as the most sacred area of Acropolis. The start of The Erechtheion’s construction was in the Golden Age, 420 BCE and ended in 406 BCE and sadly only a couple years later, Athens fell to Sparta. The Erechtheion was built to house the religious rituals that another old building had. The eastern part of the Temple was dedicated to Athena, while the Western part was dedicated to the local hero Boutes, Hephaestus and the other Gods and heroes. The Erechtheion had many different functions like housing newer and older cults and was the site of the “Sacred Tokens”.
Today, we’ll be focusing on their mythology, cities, and government. “Zeus was the god of law and thunder (Riordan 154).” The Greeks made up myths to explain what they couldn’t understand at the time. For example, Zeus is the god of the sky. He controlled rain, lightning, and much more. They believed in him because there was no science explaining this back then.
It is said that he wished to be worshipped as "Neos Helios," the "New Sun." Indeed, he was represented as a sun god on Egyptian coins. Caligula 's religious policy was a departure from that of his predecessors. According to Cassius Dio, living emperors could be worshipped as divine in the east and dead emperors could be worshipped as divine in Rome. Augustus had the public worship his spirit on occasion, but Dio describes this as an extreme act that emperors generally shied away from.