Participatory Paradigm In Research

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Introduction

Research is knowledge construction (Mertens, 2008). Researchers stand for different paradigms- positivism, post-positivism, constructivism, critical theory, participatory. A paradigm is a lens or method of thinking about the worldview that has a valid contribution to research. Paradigm is the skylight through which one can view in the world. It is a composition of individual’s values, beliefs, assumptions, behavior and attitude, verbal and nonverbal expression to observe the reality or truth in the world.

The word ‘paradigm’ is drawn from Greek word ‘paradeigma’ (Kuhn, 1970b). It means ‘model’ or ‘pattern’. Guba and Lincoln made an important contribution to describe nature of five basic paradigms. They argued, a paradigm
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I have taken my position of participatory paradigm. Participatory paradigm is a relatively new concept of paradigm in social science theories(Heron & Reason, 1997). It is derived from qualitative research tradition. Participatory paradigm has been growing in recent years and particularly in the developing countries. Chambers(1986: 1) describes participatory paradigm as “…[c]oherent and mutually supportive pattern of concepts, values, methods, and action amenable to wide application”. It is based on the principle of participation and calls attention to bottom up approach. It treats society or people as research participants rather than research subjects (Brown, 1985). Participatory approach deals with the relation between who perform research and who are research subjects. A vital ideology of participatory research is that it is research approach ‘with people’ rather than conducting ‘research on people’(Heron & Reason, 1997). Chamber (2012: 167) mentions “[Participatory paradigm ] can be drivers and means to personal, institutional, professional and social change [……] Practical priorities are: to foster methodological diversity and enrich the repertoire; […..] to institutionalize critical reflection and focused brainstorming”. Participatory paradigm allows understanding of people’s perspective as it is based on social reality and tries to find out a real solution of an original problem to ensure desirable change. In addition, it deals with the complexity of social settings and can promote a culture of social dialogue and influence policy to changing attitude. So it is applied, exploratory and action oriented. It is an appropriate procedure when local dedication is

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