Then they were exploited by the British to mine expensive and valuable materials for Britain’s economic purposes. By the early 20th century, all of Africa except Ethiopia and Liberia were controlled by European powers. The industrial revolution was the largest era of major technological advancements. With all the new technologies made, new materials were needed to make them, and Britain didn’t have infinite recourses. What they did have was a will to obtain these said materials at any cost.
The revolution resulted in the development of a new social class the middle class. This class contained factory, min owners as well as engineers, doctors and lawyers. The flourish of this new social class greatly noticeable in Britain as the British scholars were more practical rather than theoretical. As Strayer explains, the discoveries on atmospheres and vacuums promoted the innovation of the steam engine in Britain (Strayer, 2012; 834). The industrial revolution brought the social status of business men up as they benefited the most from the industrial revolution, it can also be said that the factory and min owners were the sponsors of the industrial revolution.
pire (British) Gaze in A Passage to India A story of cross-cultural resonance in postcolonial discourse, A Passage to India, plays on imperial misinterpretations and misunderstandings. Throughout the novel Forster employs a kind of cynical realism to highlight the impossibilities of cross cultural male bonding, between Aziz, the protagonist, an Indian Muslim doctor and Fielding, the English professor. As his biographer P.N. Furbank notes in his biography on Forster, E.M Forster: A Life, using Forster’s own words, “When (I) began the book (I) thought of it as a little bridge of sympathy between East and West, but this conception has had to go, my sense of truth forbids anything so comfortable” (106). Such a statement made by the author himself,
Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Rudyard Kipling and India Rudyard Kipling has written several fictional books which are basically founded on his experiences with the British in India and the rest of the world – colonization, the empire and British expansion. He has been described by Adams as “the Herodotus of the British empire” who was interested in almost all aspects of the empire, for example, buildings, the fod, and the people among other things. Among his fictional works include The Jungle Books which will for the basic of the arguments presented herein. The works of Kipling will be argued as Kipling’s perspectives of the British in India, especially the colonization, the empire and British expansion. Before Kipling made his debut in India
The Industrial Revolution was a period of time from the late eighteenth century to the mid-late nineteenth century, in which industry flourished. After this original period of revolution, however, many other industrial booms occurred throughout Europe and the wold. This period, which played a prominent role in the development and modernization of Europe, first occurred in Britain. The Industrial Revolution started in Britain due its agricultural, political and intellectual climates which were ripe for industrial success, and its various advantageous geographical features. Britains success in agriculture in the century prior to the Industrial Revolution contributed to its success in industrial expansion.
Rudyard Kipling is writing about India during the era of British colonial domination at the turn of the twentieth century. The people are mixed up from different nationalities, ethnic groups, and religions. But even though people of many cultures appear in Kim, the different characters have different economic and social
An imperial vision: Indian architecture and Britain’s Raj, Delhi ; Oxford : Oxford University press 2002. Although there aren’t many examples of Indian influenced architecture in Britain there are many in India itself, this book looks at the social reasons the British architects had to create the Indo-Saracenic style that it became to be called. It also looks at the new types of architecture that was developed due to the climate, such as bungalows and verandas, which became common throughout the empire. “An Imperial Vision, by its focus upon the relationships of culture and power that underlay the colonial order, throws light on the distinctive nature of late nineteenth-century imperialism, and more generally, on the way political authority takes shape in monumental architecture.” (3) Crill, Rosemary; Crang, Phil; Breward, Christopher.British Asian style: fashion & textiles, past & present, London : V&A
The social, political factors that played major role in the rise of nationalism in India and Nigeria are similar. These factors include the role of the educated elite, the racial practices of the British, the emergence of nationalist political parties and groups, and the return of the soldiers who fought in the World Wars. Colonial policies by the British in India and Nigeria equally contributed in stimulating national consciousness. The British mistreated the colonized people depriving them of their rights and dealing with them as second –rate citizens. The colonial racial activities contributed in spurring nationalist feelings among the elite and the masses alike.
A Passage to India begins and ends by posing the question of whether it is possible for an Englishman and an Indian to ever be friends, at least within the context of British colonialism. Forster uses this question as a framework to explore the general issues of Britain’s political control of India on a more personal level, through the friendship between Aziz and Fielding. At the beginning of the novel, Aziz is scornful of the English, wishing only to consider them comically or ignore them completely. Yet the intuitive connection Aziz feels with Mrs. Moore in the mosque opens him to the possibility of friendship with Fielding. Through the first half of the novel, Fielding and Aziz represent a positive model of liberal humanism:
Abstract The present study analyses the dichotomy between the Indian and British cultural aspects in E. M. Forster 's 'A Passage to India ' focusing on the relationship established between the British colonies and the Indians in Chandapore and highlighting the contrast between the Indian and the European way of thinking. The emphasis is placed upon the main couples of the novel as the action revolves around them and upon the landscape, which has an important impact on the lifestyle in India. 1. Introduction The novel entitled A Passage to India is inspired mainly from E. M. Forster’s own experience as a temporary resident in India and his coming in contact with the Indian people and with the British servants, called Anglo-Indians, who were a narrow-minded caste of