According to the American Heart Association, eight out of every 1,000 babies born in the U.S. have a congenital heart defect a problem that occurs as the baby 's heart is developing during the gestation period, before the baby is even born. Congenital heart defects are one of the most common birth defects. A baby 's heart begins to develop at conception, but is completely formed eight weeks into the
In most cases of Down syndrome, a child gets an extra chromosome 21 for a total of 47 chromosomes instead of 46. (Susan Skallerup) Research said it is this extra genetic material that causes the physical appearance and developmental delays associated with DS. Today no one knows for sure why DS happens and there's no way to prevent the chromosomal error that causes it. Scientists do know that women age 35 and older have a extremely higher risk of having a child with the condition. At age 30, for example, a woman has about a 1 in 1,000 chance of expecting a child with DS.
Marfan syndrome is not the only genetic disorder that affects connective tissue and has conditions including Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm. Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that messes with the connective tissue throughout the body (Marfan Foundation) and was discovered by Antoine Marfan in France back in 1896 (KidsHealth). Features of this genetic disorder are mostly found in the heart, blood vessels, bones, joints, and eyes. (Marfan Foundation) But it affects each person differently. Marfan can be life threatening, as it affects the lungs, skin, and nervous system.
It shares a tetratricopeptide-like domain located at their amino terminal portions (Morello et al, 2006). CRTAP deficient infant have characteristic manifestations at birth like growth deficiency and broad undertululated long bones (Morello et al, 2006; Baldridge et al, 2010). The Crtap null mice have chondro-osseous dysplasia with rhizomelia, osteopenia and kyphosis (Morello et al, 2006). About 20 distinct CRTAP mutations are known till date (http://www.le.ac.uk/ge/collagen/). These Probands are thought to be completely inactivating CRTAP which cause severe or lethal OI (Sillence II and III).
achondroplasia (ACH) Achondroplasia (ACH) is a very rare (fewer than 20,000 US cases per year) yet the most common (occurring at one in every 15,000 to one in 40,000 live births) hereditary form of short-limbed dwarfism. Achondroplasia can be inherited from a parent with the disease, however most cases of ACH are because of new mutations in the FGFR3 gene. (Over 80% of people with ACH have parents who are unaffected). People with achondroplasia have a short stature and normal sized torso. An adult male with achondroplasia averages at about 131 centimeters (4 feet, 4 inches) in height, and adult females average at about 124 centimeters (4 feet, 1 inch) in height.
- Clinical results follow after 1 month - Dose of 80 micro cu per gram of gland. o Complications of radiotherapy: - 20% of patients develop hypothyroidism that may resolve over 10 years - Malignant changes in the thyroid are theoretically possible but have never been
Adie syndrome, also called Holmes-Adie syndrome or Adie 's tonic pupil, is a rare neurological disorder, which affects the autonomic nervous system and the eye’s pupil (the opening in the centre of the eye). In most patients, the pupil of the eye is larger than normal (dilated) and react slowly in response to direct light. Poor or absent tendon reflexes are also linked to this disorder. Causes The exact cause of Adie 's pupil has been unknown. There are many potential causes, including a type of bacterial or viral infection that damages the nerves, but often Adie 's pupil is idiopathic, meaning it has no known cause.
According to UNICEF, worldwide neonatal mortality rate fell by 47 per cent between 1990 and 2015 from 36 to 19 deaths per 1,000 live births. Over the same period, the number of newborn babies who died within the first 28 days of life declined from 5.1 million to 2.7
Everyday millions of Americans debate if Abortion should be legal or illegal. In my opinion, I believe that this action is murder. Statistics show that the number of Abortions that happen every year since 2013 is 664,435 (“Reproductive”). Without miscarriages around 16.7% of pregnancies go through abortion. This rate went down 1.9% since 2010.
This Neural tube defect is not as common, but it is one of the most severe cases. Each year, about 1,000 babies are affected. Anencephaly can occur when the top portion of the spinal cord doesn’t close all the way. That baby that is born with this will have little to no brain matter. The baby may be missing some of its skull, and will have birth defects of the head and face.
However, majority of babies spend weeks in the hospital being weaned from drugs. Children born to mothers taking subutex spend one week less in hospital care. Also, diseases like Hepatitis C, common to intravenous drug users can be passed from mother to child. There are three places in the whole state that will take pregnant women and children. There is an outpatient center in Beckley, it only has 12 beds.
About 90% of the abortions occur in the first trimester. Since the legalization, the fatalities are still high compared to the 80s. By 2011, there were more than 1,023 facilities with permission to do so. Some of the contraceptives are not effective thus one ended up conceiving (Biggs, et al.
They conduct 400,000 cervical cancer screenings and 500,000 breast examinations per year. There were four and a half million STI tests and treatments in 2013. Without Planned Parenthood many women and men would not found out about breast cancer, women may never have found out about their cervical cancer, and some women may have never know that being pregnant can kill her and her child. There are 2.7 million people in the United States that are alive from their services and are still using their healthcare. Also, millions of people could not have treated STI’s.
Around 90% of abortions in the UK are carried out in the first trimester, (before 12 weeks of pregnancy), when the fetus is about the same size as a lime and weighs less than 14 grams. Only about 1 in 1,000 are performed in the last trimester, usually for medical reasons. Most of the gruesome images of aborted fetuses that are presented by pro-life groups are exaggerated and misleading. The fetus that is growing inside the the mother’s womb isn 't considered a human being. It can’t survive alone without the nutrients from the mother, therefore it is not yet a person.