Executive Summary This research is aimed at analyzing employee engagement and its relation to affective commitment. Empowerment can be of great value for a company and its employees. However, to be able to benefit most from giving employees empowerment, it is not only important to focus on the achievements that could be gained by giving employees empowerment, but also to take into account the possible disadvantages and risks. This study investigates the relations between the dimensions of empowerment (impact, competence, meaning and self-determination) and affective commitment. This study also investigates the interactional effects of the dimensions of empowerment with job engagement and trust in the management on affective commitment.
No doubt, organizations should promote the kind of positive supervisor mentoring behavior exemplified in question 1. This is because, such conducts will motivate employee satisfaction which can lead to excellent job performance, good work ethic, and high retention of skilled workers. This relates to the concept of job satisfaction which is, “a pleasant feeling resulting from the perception that one’s job fulfills or allows for the fulfillment of one’s important job values” (Noe et. al. p. 322).
For employees, things that aren’t intrinsically interesting requires extrinsic rewards to motivate. Employees can be motivated by extrinsic rewards such as additional monetary compensation, gifts, gift cards, or other monetary rewards. These types of rewards could lead to improved performance and higher motivation. It would also motivate a worker, but only satisfies the person’s lower-level needs. The flip side to this type of motivation stimuli, employees will want the same or better reward to maintain the same level of motivation and performance outcomes.
Participative leadership are take heed of advice from employees (Huang, Iun, Liu and Gong, 2010; Somech, 2005). Participative leadership involves employee empowerment and allowing employees to participate in decision making. The positive influences of this leadership strategy are it enhances productivity and increase quality of organizations products, operations, process etc. Besides this, the satisfaction level of employees will increase in this leadership technique. The negative influence of this specific strategy is that it involves issues of security.
When employees feel their leaders are emotionally invested in them it empowers them to do well for the leader. Finally, in adaptive leadership I scored highest in organizational justice, which includes: decision fairness, information sharing, and outcome concerns. Decision fairness increases satisfaction, productivity, and keeps employees on
Likewise, employees’ feeling of job satisfaction has been reviewed in comparatively with a specific dimension of organizational culture and leadership. In organizations that are flexible and adopt the participative management type, the latter are more possible to be satisfied, resulting in the organization’s success. Although the leader creates the culture predominantly, but he or she is the one who progresses through this process and so are the leadership tactics that he or she applies. In accordance to the leadership, there are two major types of leadership in organizations that influence the employee’s job satisfaction, which are: the transactional and the transformational leaderships. The transactional leaderships are the ones who act within the frame of the dominant culture; the transformational leaderships work towards change and adaptation of the culture to their own
There are several theories that were invented as theories that analysis the prevalence of employee and job satisfaction. Since well employee satisfaction is influenced by being satisfied in the workplace, the theories should cover both concepts in order to elaborate more on both concepts. The following are some of the theories invented to elaborate the relationship between both concepts and they are as follows: Affective Event Theory According to Thompson and Phua (2001), cited by Ali, Edwin and Tirimba (2015: 419) the affective event theory was developed by Psychologist Howard M. Weiss and Russell Cropanzano to explain how emotions and moods influence job satisfaction. The theory explains the linkages between employees’ internal influences
Research hypotheses 1. The significant work has a positive effect on the organizational commitment of the employees in the social security organization. 2. The significant work has a positive effect on the employee's job engagement in the social security organization. 3.
Transformational leadership style with idea indicator, the influence of leader behavior, intellectual stimulation and a consideration of individual has a positive influence towards motivation. This leadership style has positive influence toward job satisfaction. (Risambessyet) job satisfaction has been studied in parallel with many aspects of work and in many work places and fields around the world, the employees has experienced job satisfaction as an outcome of leadership styles. In general, research results suggested that in organizations which are more flexible and adopted the management type in communication and employees reward the latter more likely to be satisfied which results in the organization’s success. (Jill, McKinnon et al.
The idea is that a leader needs to develop as many high-quality relationships as possible to achieve the set goals. Good relationships will increases peoples sense of job satisfaction and develop ownership of goals and problems. Through good rapports productivity can be increased, organizational goals can be achieved, this is possible because of good teamwork and investment of the employee in the company. Within the LMX theory there are two groups, the in- and the out-group. In-group member are part of the inner circle from the leader, there have more responsibilities and the leader is trusting this group more to achieve goals as there are set by the leader.