When the colonists were still with Great Britain, King George III misused his power. As a result, colonists wrote the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, to the king, to state their separation from Great Britain, to form a new country, the United States of America. After creating a new country, Americans wrote the Articles of Confederation in the year 1777, which they purposely weakened central government, so the abuse of power, wouldn’t exist. This meant the states had all the power. Although this structure of government seemed great, the creators of the Articles quickly realized that with no central government, states weren’t united because they were busy on increasing the growth of only their state.
At the Constitutional Convention in 1787, differences between the delegates and the interests they represented made compromise absolutely necessary. Debates over representation led to two very well-known compromises. These compromises are the Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths Compromise. The Great Compromise led to the establishment of a two house legislature, which resolved disputes between small and large states. The Three-Fifths Compromise gave the South more representation by counting slaves as three-fifths of a person.
Did the Constitution create a “more perfect Union?” After the American Revolution and The Declaration of Independence, America’s established its core government with the document known as the Articles of Confederation. The Articles possessed many structural weaknesses, mostly because it allowed states to operate like independent countries. The Articles of Confederation set up a government that consisted of a one-house body of delegates in which each state having a single vote. Acting collectively, these delegates could make decisions on certain issues that affected all the states. Due to its failure to establish an executive branch and a judiciary branch, an imbalance of power was created within the government itself.
The nation needed an improved constitution, creating a stronger central government that would keep the nation together. The delegates agreed they wanted a new constitution that created a powerful government, but without any tyranny forming. How exactly did the Constitution guard against tyranny? Tyranny is a cruel and oppressive government. The Constitution guarded against this type of government in four ways, by having two separate governments, three different branches, checks and balances within the
Tyranny can come in many different forms. It could only be one person ruling everything, or it could be any group of people. Tyranny means a cruel or oppressive government rule, which is usually started by someone with too much power, and they become corrupt. For this reason, In Philadelphia, 1787, 55 men met up for the Constitutional Convention. This convention aimed to fix all problems with the Articles of Confederation.
Checks and balances is when each branch of government has the ability to stop the other branches from doing things they do not agree with. “The consiant aim is to divide and arrange the several offices in such a manner as that they may be a check on the other” (Madison, 1788). Checks and balances gives each branch a power to prevent the other 2 branches from having too much power. Checks and balances is another way the constitution guards against tyranny. The final way the constitution guards against tyranny is through big states vs. small states.
The settlers in the colonies started to gathering ideas to create their own nation and stop being ruled by the British Government. The problem with pure democracy was that people were not treated equal and the government was abusing of its power, and the colonists wanted a solution to that problem. The Declaration of Independence took place in Philadelphia. Fifty-six delegates from the thirteen colonies gathered for the Second Continental Congress they were seeking a solution for the similar problem they had in the colonies. Our founding fathers signed the United States Declaration of Independence.
When James Madison promised that the Bill of Rights would be added to the Constitution, New York ratified the Constitution. The biggest problem my group faced was resolving the tensions over slavery. South Carolina wanted to include African Americans in their population, yet, the South did not want to assure that African Americans were given the same inalienable rights as others. William Patterson did not agree with including slaves in the population, however he did not have a choice but to compromise. The Founding Fathers agreed to allow slaveholder states to count three-fifths of their slave population when dividing the number of state’s representatives to Congress.
From there , only 10 were passed after being sent to the rest of the states.The bill of rights was created because of a conflict between the Anti-federalists and federalists.The federalists agree that a bill of rights was required. The purpose of the Bill of Rights was to protect the rights of citizens. It guaranteed them their freedom and to keep the government from becoming too powerful thus giving the congress limitations. The 2nd amendment is “A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to
However, this act became almost obsolete after President Grant’s term. It would take until the civil rights movement before Blacks could vote uninhibited without poll taxes or literacy tests. The end of the Civil War brought along many changes for African Americans in the South. New legislation caused tension in the South as change swept through. The ratification of civil rights legislation created only a beginning of a change because the Emancipation Proclamation failed to free all slaves, Whites did not view Blacks as social equals, and most Southern Whites would not cooperate with the new laws.
Under the Us Constitution the central government know has more power than it did under the Articles of Confederation to stabilize the United States. When the writers came up with the rules for a new government they wanted democracy to be a part of it. A republic was wanted by the colonists after the King imposed taxes and limited the settlement for people in North America. The US Constitution and the Articles of Confederation let the people have a say on how they could govern themselves instead of a monarch. Both documents limited the power that the central government had on the states and its people.
The Virginia Plan proposed that a National Government consisting of a supreme legislative, executive, and judiciary branches be created. This was very different from what the existing Confederation of Sates were comprised of. This new National Government was approved by Congress with little debate between its members, because as time was moving forward more and more members of Congress realized that there was a need for a stronger National Government. The details of the Virginia Plan called for the legislature branch to be comprised of two houses. A lower house, where the states would be represented in proportion to each state’s population and the upper house would have its’ members elected by the members of the lower house.
DBQ Essay The United States Constitution is a document that or founding fathers made in order to replace the failing Articles of Confederation (A of C). Under the Constitution, the current government and states don’t have the problems they faced when the A of C was in action. The Constitution was created in 1788, and held an idea that the whole nation was nervous about. This idea was a strong national government, and the Federalist assured the people that this new government would work. The framers of the Constitution decided to give more power to the Federal government rather than the state governments because the A of C had many problems, there was a need for the layout of new government, rights, and laws, and there was a need for the Federal
The Articles of Confederation was one of the first official documents of the United States. From the beginning of the American Revolution, Congress felt the need for a stronger union and a government powerful enough to defeat Great Britain. During the early years of the war this desire became a belief that the new nation must have a constitutional order appropriate to its republican character. However, after a few short years the Articles were replaced by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. The Articles were a stepping stone which led to the Constitution however the Articles contained more weaknesses than strengths which forced the colonists to get rid of them and create a new document.
After the Constitution was ratified in 1787 and George Washington was elected as President in 1789, Hamilton was appointed as his Secretary of the Treasury, making him the first to hold the position. This put him in charge of the economic and financial stability of a nation which was facing massive war debts and had little to no connected federal infrastructure in either areas. He was not cowed by this, however, and used the leeway the Constitution provided in regards to his powers and his political connections to his advantage in passing the programs and laws he wanted to put in place.