In the Letter from Birmingham Jail, Dr. Martin Luther King’s proposes plenty of arguments and claims using Pathos, which is practiced by using emotions or values of a certain group. Dr. Kings letter is written as a response to those who are doubting him and naming his cause “unwise and Untimely”. Immediately in the first sentence Martin Luther King says “While confined here in the Birmingham city jail”, using an emotional appeal for sympathy to shame them for naming his work “unwise and Untimely”, in terms where he is meaning to say “how dare you say that”. A stronger example of the pathological way of engaging King’s reader is paragraphs twelve and thirteen as he explains the feeling of being oppressed and being segregated due to their skin
Martin Luther King Jr wrote The letter from Birmingham Jail because the white clergymen through him and his pro black American organization in jail. They were demonstrating non-violent actions against racial justice and injustice of black Americans in Birmingham. Kings thesis was "Reasonable refutations of the white clergyman's criticism of his direct action – nonviolent resistance campaign was "unwise and untimely”. His reasonings are that direct action is the only way for a compromise when the white people fail to negotiate with him and his group.
In Martin Luther King’s letter from Birmingham jail, the clergymen are reminded of his character and vision. He defends himself and his legacy as it involves the nonviolent demonstrations against segregation. King uses ethos, logos,and pathos to address religious leaders in the the south’s concerns involving his non-violent actions in Birmingham. King establishes his character as a non-violent peace leader when he addresses the religious council in a persuasive manner.
In King’s response to the clergymen’s claim he shows that segregation and racism do not only affect the adults but the kids also as his five-year-old son asks him “Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?”(6) The question ask by his five-year-old son is uncomfortable because it shows how the kids pay attention to the way they are treated at such a young age, In fact, King describes the questions asked by his five-year old son as “agonizing pathos”(6), that shows that waiting too long for justice can alter the minds of the young and cause them to develop a sense of bitterness toward white people. As Dr.King and his people fight for their rights they wonder how much mental distress and humiliation they would have to go through before justice is served, the discomfort that the colored people are experiencing comes from wondering how much more longer would they have to wait until their justice is served. Dr.King using his kids as a reference shows how the discomfort experienced at such a young age can change the mentality of the
King’s argument begins with him writing back to the clergymen who sent him “The Public Statement” who have criticized the demonstrations King was leading in Birmingham. They told King that he should wait until racial injustice was taken care of, that he was an outsider who had no right to be there, and his actions were causing violence. King had a right to argue for black rights but this was overlooked by the white clergymen. King’s arguments were more valid than anything the clergymen could possibly think of.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr was a Civil Rights supporter and a large reason that African-Americans are seen as people today. He did some incredible things in his life, unfortunately, he never really got to see his dream unfold. For as when he was assassinated on April 4th, 1968; however, he did some great things one involved a letter and he used a few devices to get his points to flow into the reader. In Dr. Martin Luther King Junior's persuasive plea, "Letters to a Birmingham Jail" he uses Ethos and Pathos to encourage his audience to do what is morally right which in this instance would be to desegregate. Luther uses facts throughout his letter to further develop how people see him as a credible person with high intellect.
While Martin Luther King was confined in a Birmingham jail, he wrote a gratifying letter of response to a published criticism of eight fellow clergymen from Alabama. In his letter, King explains the injustice happening toward the Black community in Birmingham, which was a big issue in United States at the time. King’s use of the three rhetorical appeals are essential in successfully influencing critics of his views toward civil disobedience. When writing the letter, the Alabama clergy present him as an outsider in the letter; however, he uses ethos, an appeal to ethics, to establish his credibility on the subject of racial discrimination and injustice.
Because of his skill in creating such pieces of writing, as well as his influential role within the Civil Rights Movement, and the reminder that Letter from Birmingham Jail provides of these trying times, his letter should continue to be included within A World of Ideas. Persuasion within writing is an important tool to be utilized in order to garner support for one’s position. During the 1960s, equality between different races was a very controversial issue which required a certain finesse when being discussed. Martin Luther King demonstrated precisely this sort of finesse when writing about the racial injustices faced by black Americans, as well as when refuting the criticisms he faced from white clergymen.
King address how ugly and damaging racial prejudice is to the African American community. He writes that its members are “plagued with inner fears and outer resentments,...forever fighting a degenerating sense of ‘nobodiness’,” (King 50). Segregation and its corresponding racial prejudice cause African Americans to feel inferior, damaging their perception of their self worth. He goes into detail describing what it is like to experience segregation, writing how painful it feels to have your child ask you “‘Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?’,” (King 50) when she is mistreated. This meanness can clearly be seen in Melvin in the Sixth Grade.
Later in the essay, King speaks of how long African-Americans have been denied fair treatment. Towards the end of the essay, King shows that he is a logical and reasonable person by saying “If I have said anything in this letter that overstates the truth and indicates an unreasonable impatience, I beg you to forgive me.”. He acknowledges that he might have faults in his letter, and is willing to make amends for them. By using logical appeals, he adds a practical side to his argument that is not completely based on
Paragraph 14: What are the subjects, and what one tone does he use? King uses examples of the effects of segregation on the African American community to explain why he is part of the protests in Birmingham and why they need to continue this kind of peaceful protest until their voices are heard. By using these pathos and ethos rich examples, he gives some insight to the white Alabama clergymen, who haven’t experienced segregation, the struggles (“when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will”) and harmful impact of black inferiority on children (“ominous clouds of inferiority beginning to form in her little mental sky”). King uses an angry tone in paragraph 14 to describe these injustices black people face daily,
Wyatt Erovick AP English 12-6-16 Letter From a Birmingham Jail Analysis Luther King Jr., in his letter, Letter From a Birmingham Jail, uses persuasive techniques to grab the reader’s attention and get them to agree with him. In King’s 13 and 14th paragraph of the letter, he uses a logical appeal to persuade the audience. In the beginning of paragraph 14, King states that “We have waited for more than 340 years for our constitutional and God-given rights. The nations of Asia and Africa are moving with jetlike speed toward gaining political independence, but we still creep at horse-and-buggy pace toward gaining a cup of coffee at a lunch counter.”
6477043 In Martin Luther King’s “Letter From Birmingham Jail”, he discusses the reasoning behind his movement to end segregation using non-violent strategies that were often questioned by those around him. These non-violent actions often took him to places all across the southern United States where discrimination and segregation was rampant. In this letter, King used many literary strategies that helped him convey his ideas.
In both the speech and the letter, Dr. King was very inspirational. His use of pathos helped push his point across to everyone. His use of pathos inspired people that weren't stuck in their ways or that weren't ready for change. The overall message Dr. King tried to spread was segregation needs to stop, and he tried to do this by arousing strong feelings and emotions in people through his use of charged language.
He places the strong authority of the declaration on his side to show how the American people are in contradiction to their own “sacred obligation” and the Negros have gotten a “bad check.” A metaphor representing the unfulfilled promise of human rights for the African Americans. King skillfully evokes an emotional response from all races with the use of religion: “Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.” By doing this he finds a common ground that brings black and whites closer with a common belief in God they share, as well as the mention of