Patient safety has received much recognition after the Institute of Medicine’s publication of “To err is to human: building a safer health system” , patient safety includes the avoidance, prevention and amelioration of adverse events emanating from health care delivery procedures and it comprises of systems of patient care, error reporting, and starting new systems aimed at reducing risk of errors in patient care as well as care functions which nursing has sole responsibility (Berland et al., 2012). The common media for the transmission of HCAIs are the hands of healthcare professionals, from patient to patient and within the care environment (Allegranzi & Pittet 2009). Patient safety is the ‘’patient’s freedom from unnecessary real or potential
3. Nurses and the profession: The nurse takes the main role in determining and implementing acceptable standards of clinical nursing practice, management and education. The nurse is active in developing and maintaining a core of professional ethics. The nurse acting through the professional organization, participates in creating a positive practice climate and maintaining safe, equitable social and economic working conditions in nursing. The nurse practices to sustain and protect the natural environment and is aware of its cost on health.
The theoretical framework gives a detailed reason to why the highlighted research ques-tion exists. Orem’s self-care deficit theory of nursing is the theoretical framework relat-ing to this research because the theory is further divided into three sub-theories in which requisite are line with the following: Individual stages of development and goals, Health conditions, Developmental states, Energy consumption and expenditure, Atmospheric conditions and also the theory gives room to investigate possible causes of malnutrition alongside nurse’s intervention by assessing the need for care, approaches and required interventions. According Orem in 2001, nursing can be viewed as part of the health sector that provides authorized care to individuals.
In order to determine how a nurse works as a professional, it is important to first define the duties of a nurse. Potter et al. says that according to the American Nurses Association, it includes: "the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities; prevention of illness and injury; alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response; and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations" (2015, p. 2). While ideas of what constitutes professionalism in the field of nursing have long remained the same, nurses are now held to an even higher standard. In addition to traditional values, nurses are now expected to strongly advocate for their clients, rather than subscribe to the old model of simply following the doctor 's orders (Williams & Hopper, 2015).
Recruitment of Professional Nurses: The Evidence-Based Magnet Recognition Program® Magnet hospitals define hospitals that recruit and retain nurses by providing a positive working environment, as well as their excellence in providing high-quality nursing care (Schmalenberg& Kramer, 2008). They are international models for nursing standards. Other hospitals look to magnet organizations for ways to improve their patients’ results, reduce hospital stays, in addition to attracting and keeping the most qualified nursing staff (Yıldırım, Kısa & Hisar, 2012). In the early 1980s, the American Academy of Nursing (AAN) appointed a task force in hospital nursing practice out of concern for the numerous workforce issues that the profession was currently
Background and Significance of the Study Moral integrity is the key ingredients and navigator in professional nurses that lead to ultimate goal of nursing care. It has been recognized as a fundamental part of professional nurses’ practice (Ulrich et al, 2010; Pavlish et al, 2012). Professional nurses play the largest role to support the need for individualized treatment of the patient. The goals of the profession of nursing are related to ethical and involve protecting patients from harm while providing care that is the most benefit for the patient (Bosek, 2009; Kopala&Burkhart, 2005; Helft, 2011; Susan, 2013,). Nowadays, professional nurses have encountered to face and manage with moral problem that occur from complexity of patient health problems, advances in technology, inappropriate of health care system, policies and priorities that conflict with care needs, inadequate staffing and increased turnover, or lack of administrative support (Brazil et al.
Neumann’s system model theory looks at the environmental stressors, and the nurses try to retain and maintain the patients’ health through maintaining the patients’ system fit with the environmental system. The first step of nursing is to make sure the stressors are removed, and if the stressors cannot be abolished, then the nurse should look for ways to get the client’s structure and maintain their wellness. Peplau’s interpersonal theory shows that nurse/patient’s relations to grow through identification, orientation, exploitation, and resolution whereby their
Nightingale created social reform in healthcare and nursing. The Nightingale Fund was established after reporting her findings during the Crimean War to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. She used the money to establish the Nightingale School of Nursing at St. Thomas Hospital in London. She wrote the book “Notes on Nursing, What It Is and What It Is Not,” which provided direction on how to manage the ill. The school taught hospital and home care nurses how to teach other nurses.
Nursing, perhaps more than any other health care profession, claims caring as fundamental to its practice. Professional vigilance is the essence of caring in nursing. This article uses historical and theoretical bases to define professional vigilance and discuss its components. Two types of nursing diagnoses, central and surveillance, are proposed. Central diagnoses indicate the need for the nurse to plan and implement interventions for the achievement of outcomes.
ABSRACT Clinical practice guideline having much importance to improve the patient care outcomes and safety from complications. Nurses role as health care provider, depend on multi-disciplinary knowledge and experience to use of clinical practice guidelines to promote their nursing practices. Nursing staff adherence to clinical practices guidelines is help in improving patient safety in hospital. The purpose of this study is exploring the factors that promotes and inhibit adherence to clinical practices. This research based on systematic literature review and quantitative evaluation of research results.