In 1835, when the proposed reforms infuriated vested interests in the army and church, Santa Anna seized the opportunity to reassert his authority, and led a military coup against his own government. In 1836 Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna was captured by sam houston. Texas, using the chaos in Mexico as a pretext, declared independence in 1836.Although his failure to suppress the Texas revolution enormously discredited him, Santa Anna was able to reestablish much of his authority when he defeated a French invasion force at Vera Cruz in 1838. nevertheless, he remained the most powerful individual in Mexico until 1853, when his sale of millions of acres in what is now southern Arizona and New Mexico to the United States united liberal opposition against him. At the beginning of the Mexican War, Santa Anna entered into negotiations with President James K. Polk. He offered the possibility of a negotiated settlement to the United States and was permitted to enter Mexico through the American blockade.
Congolese nationalist Patrice Lumumba was elected the first Prime Minister, while Joseph Kasa-Vubu became the first President. Conflict arose over the administration of the territory which became known as the Congo Crisis. The provinces of Katanga, under Moïse Tshombe, and South Kasai attempted to secede from the Congo. On 5 September 1960, Kasa-Vubu dismissed Lumumba from office, encouraged by the United States and Belgium after Lumumba turned to the Soviet Union for assistance in the crisis. On 14 September, with U.S. and Belgian support, Lumumba was arrested by forces loyal to Army Chief of Staff Joseph-Désiré Mobutu, who had gained control over the country, and on 17 January 1961 Lumumba was handed over to Katangan authorities and executed by Belgian-led Katangese
The most significant political conflict President Jackson faced while in office was his controversial use of executive power to fight and ultimately destroy the second Band of the United States. It started with Jackson vetoing a bill calling for an early renewal of the Second Bank’s charter. In 1933 Jackson started his attack on the Bank by removing all federal deposits from the bank. After Jackson had Roger B. Taney, secretary of the treasury, cease all government money from the bank and had the funds place in twenty-three state banks. To try and dispute what Jackson was doing, the president of the Bank called in outstanding loans and instituting a policy of credit contraction that helped bring on a recession in hopes to show that without the Bank the economy would greatly suffer.
How did Lyndon B. Johnson make the Vietnam War his own? Lyndon B. Johnson made Vietnam War his own after the assassination of President of John F. Kennedy in Dallas in November 1963. At the time Johnson was Vice President to Kennedy but would later win a full term in the next election. During this time America had about 17,000 military adviser in the South Vietnam government. Johnson made it his war on Augusta 1964 when a North Vietnamese patrol fired on an American vessel which caused Johnson to proclaim that the United States was a victim of aggression.
Revolution: “the usually violent attempt by many people to end the rule of one government and start a new one” (Merriam-Webster). In the late 1770’s and early 1780’s, the British colonies in North America made the decision to rebel and cut all ties with their British government. In the war that happened due to this decision, the Revolutionary War, the colonies were able to beat the British government and declare their independence because of many heroes and leaders. Three of these heroes and leaders were Thomas Jefferson, John Hancock, and George Washington.
Jackson was elected president, and a mob burst into the white house, and trashed it. Andrew was also the first target of a presidential assassination attempt, Jackson beat the failed assassin senseless with his cane. Andrew was involved in many duels, the most famous was against Charles Dickenson. Charles, called Jackson a coward, thus the duel commenced. Dickenson fired first, hitting
Yugoslalvia has had a long history of political, economic, and cultural conflict. At the end of Word War II, a dictator, named Tito, de-centralized the government and made it so each national group became part of a larger republic. Towards the end of his life ethnic tension started rising again, and nationalism took place. The serbs started a war with the Slovenians. This was when the genocide started taking place.
From the monarchy being overthrown and the royal family’s execution to Maximilien Robespierre and Napoleon taking over. France went from being a country severely in debt to being one of the most powerful empires in Europe. But for every rise there must be a fall. A rebellion is an act of violence or open resistance to an established government or ruler. But what causes a rebellion and eventually revolution?
GUATEMALAN UPHEAVAL The people of Guatemala have been subject to many life changing events, especially in the last 100 years. In the wake of the Cold War, United States President Harry Truman authorized actions supported by dictators, Dwight D. Eisenhower authorized the CIA to weaponize and train an army that invaded Guatemala in 1954 in conjunction with bombings and propaganda on radio stations. As contrition took its toll and the president of Guatemala eventually resigned. This lead to an eventual coup by the military, again backed by a U.S. President (John F. Kennedy), which prevented elections to continue. In 1966, a new president of Guatemala promised a democratic beginning.
Purple Hibiscus is set in post-colonial Nigeria- where incidentally Adichie grew up- in a time of government, economic, and social struggle, after the Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Nigerian-Biafran War. “Military men would always overthrow one another, because they could, because they were all power drunk” (24) illustrates the internal governmental struggle in Nigeria during this book and a result of the “bloody coups of the sixties” (24). Nigeria is industrialized due to colonization of the British (Hurst) and is shown to be true as Papa owns a factory and newspaper branch known as “the Standard” (24). The industrialization of Nigeria is a direct effect from the colonization of Africa during the majority of the twentieth century. The colonization and the independence of Nigeria from Britain in 1960 led to an “ethnic tension in
Considered by some to be the starting point for the Cuban Missile Crisis and one of the worst foreign policy disasters of the 20th century, the Bay of Pigs invasion in April 1961 was a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)-guided effort by 1400 American-trained Cuban exiles living in Miami to overthrow Fidel Castro’s regime and replace it with a more U.S. friendly, non-communist government. Deemed “Operation Pluto,” the plans for the invasion originated during the end of the Eisenhower administration, as a response to Castro’s ousting of General Fulgencio Bastista, a corrupt and repressive dictator who was pro-American and supported American operations. Becoming nervous at the thought of communism so close to the U.S.’s borders, the Eisenhower
A wily, peasant-born leader, Villa joined with Emiliano Zapata to keep the spirit of rebellion alive in Mexico and harass the Carranza government. A year later, though, Wilson decided Carranza had made enough steps towards democratic reform to merit official American support, and the president abandoned Villa. Outraged, Villa turned against the United States. In January 1916, he kidnapped 18 Americans from a Mexican train and slaughtered them. A few weeks later, on this day in 1916, Villa led an army of about 1,500 guerillas across the border to stage a brutal raid against the small American town of Columbus, New Mexico.