Sedgwick abounds in her statement saying that “the appropriate place for the critical analysis to begin is from the relatively decentered perspective of modern gay and antihomophobic theory” (Sedgwick 2008, 1). The prospect of Sedgwick, as it is that of Butler, is to deconstruct the models of thought that Western discourse has imposed upon cultures and individuals. Thus, according to the author, the epistemology of the closet is the: [i]dea that thought itself is structured by homosexual/heterosexual definitions, which damages our ability to think. The homo/hetero binary is a trope for knowledge itself. […] 20th century thought and knowledge is structured–indeed, fractured–by a chronic, now endemic crisis of homo/heterosexual definition […] Any analysis or understanding of any aspect of Western culture is incomplete and degraded if it does not incorporate a critical analysis of modern homo/heterosexual definition (Sedgwick 2008,
Comparing Homosexual and Heterosexual Relationships In relation to the comparison of heterosexual and homosexual relationship, Clarke et al. (2005) explored in their article of what occurs in relationships when there are unavailable ‘off-the-shelf’ roles. Gender difference is one issue that appears constantly in psychological analyses of heterosexual relationships. A world in which gender differences are widely believed in is where heterosexual couples build their relationships in, which in turn are reflected in institutions and popular culture. Couples are judged, positioned and regulated both by others and by themselves, against and through these ideas about gender difference.
Girls Will Be Boys and Boys Will Be Girls: Gender Confusion and Compulsory Heterosexuality in Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Miller’s Tale On the surface, Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Miller’s Tale is a traditional fabliau, a bawdy tale of trickery, mistaken identity, and plenty of sex, designed to titillate and amuse the reader. The characters are typical of the trope: the effeminate buffoon, the lecherous lodger, the foolish husband, and his lusty wife. However, a closer reading, and application of the principles of queer theory, reveal The Miller’s Tale to have a deeper purpose than mere amusement. The main characters all behave in ways that are at odds with their stated desires and motivations, as well as their genders and professed sexual identities.
Katherine and Bianca are opposites at the beginning of Taming of the Shrew. Petruchio and Katherine are very similar. Lucentio is overcome by love and is willing to debase his station in order to achieve it, like many other women and men in Shakespeare's plays. Despite the confining gender expectations and roles of his time, Shakespeare was aware and interested in what people of different genders could have in common. Shakespeare uses the differences and similarities in personality traits throughout Taming of the Shrew and the rest of his works to prove that men and women can have very similar and varying personalities.
Churchill even remarked that as the relationships in Cloud 9 become more painful, the play gets funnier. The first act of the play deals with a male dominated society, while the second part of the play deals more with women and their sexuality. Eventually, this play becomes a character-centered comedy, while many LGBT issues are shed on this play, as well. The second part of the play is more emotional and people start to break out of their comfort zones and really express who they really are. The reviewer feels the deepness of the messages inferred in this comedy.
ABSTRACT Hubert Selby Jr’s Last Exit to Brooklyn represents a perspective in America that is often overlooked due to the rising success of the 1950’s after World War II. This novel covers controversial topics like from rape, violence, drugs, crime and homosexuality. Due to the manner in which the novel is presented, there is much debate on whether the genre of Selby’s literary work is naturalism, moral satire, or both. The goal of this paper is to correctly identify what genre the novel falls in by analyzing and investigating the components of each genre and how they differ, the context and background of the novel itself, the characters and their decisions, and outside resources in order to understand the true purpose of Selby’s work. KEY TERMS Naturalism Moral Satire Genre Crime Poverty Violence Drugs Fiction Last Exit to Brooklyn Hubert Selby MANUSCRIPT BODY Hubert Selby Jr. published his first novel, Last Exit to Brooklyn, in 1964.
It was a time of British imperial expansion and innovation. Socially, it is known as a time of rigid sexuality and of exploring the new and as of yet unexplained phenomena related to the human desire. With the help of medical and psychological practitioners, the previously unknown term of homosexuality came into being. (Sanna, 2012:21-23; The National Archives; Meijer 2011:2-3) To the LGBT communities, Victorian era is important for its aggressive heteronormativity and laws prohibiting male and female homosexuality. As the matter of same-sex love was analysed, it was seen as immoral, unacceptable and even diabolical (Sanna, 2012:21-23; Meijer, 2011:2).
The conflicts of mind and the disturbed married life of Begam Jaan can be seen in the initial paragraphs of the story until Begam Jaan finds her love in a lesbian relationship with Rabbu. In this paper, I will analyse the ‘newly found’ lesbian identity of the Begum Jan –the protagonist of the story ‘Lihaaf’. KEYWORDS : Homosexuality, Queer Studies, marriage, lesbian identity. INTRODUCTION “I read through the summons but could barely make sense of it. My story Lihaaf had been accused of obscenity.” Ismat Chughtai’s short story Lihaaf was published in 1942 in an Urdu Journal Adab-i-Latif for which she was summoned
Thus they share similar and intimate experience of oppression. That is why postcolonial thinkers have shared concerns with development in feminist theory. They are striving to reassert marginalized voices. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak puts forward rhetorical and ironic question through her essay, “Can Subaltern Speak?” (1985) declares women voiceless. She has focused on the dual burdens carried out by the postcolonial female subjects; both patriarchal and imperial.
The author is quick to debate and provoke readers to change their minds on the concepts that seek to make homosexuality seem like a trait acquired from birth. Staver argues that homosexuality is a condition inflicted upon an individual due to their environment and turned into a habit through constant use. The author likens homosexuality to lying by pointing out that no human being is born a liar, people just learn how to lie based on their environment. The author suggests that habits can be learned, and they can also be unlearned. This is a detailed summary of information about homosexuals as well as gay rights.