In Lexington 1774 the war began. Washington led his army with Commander Sir William Howe. “The shot heard around the world” had begun this fight. Washington’s army with men very untrained, they lacked food and ammunition but George Washington still somehow found the strength and confidence to show them that they really had a fighting chance. This Army won very few battles but was still had confidence they could win this one or die trying.
Washington considered a very risky plan, knowing if he didn’t do anything the revolution will come to an end. After Christmas day, Washington ordered his troops across the Delaware river and into the Trenton. He launched a surprise attack on the Hessian-Garrison troops that were based in Trenton. The Hessians, the day before were celebrating Christmas and were caught off guard by the surprise attack. The Hessians had a tough time rallying all their troops, but it was no use the colonist had won the battle.
After Lexington and Concord, the Second Continental Congress didn’t pursue independence, but they did select George Washington as the military commander. From April 1775 to July 1776, many colonists were confused for their feelings of independence; some colonists wanted to mend differences, while others wanted to fight Britain. The British fought back hard and strong by burning down towns and attacking the colonists. Thomas Paine’s book, Common Sense, argued that the colonists out grew the need for any English rule and they should be given independence. Finally, Thomas Jefferson was appointed to create a draft of the Declaration of Independence, and it was approved by Congress on July 4, 1776.
They lacked the training and discipline of soldiers with more experience. Their numbers could help the Continental armies overwhelm smaller British forces, as at the battles of Concord, Bennington and Saratoga, and the siege of Boston.56 Both sides used warfare but the Americans suppressed Loyalist activity when British regulars weren’t in the area. Seeking to coordinate military efforts, the Continental Congress established a regular army on June 14, 1775 and appointed George Washington as Commander-in-Chief.57 The development of the Continental Army was always a work in progress, and Washington used both his regulars and state militia throughout the war. The United States Marine Corps traced its roots to the Continental Marines of the war, formed by a resolution of the Continental Congress on November 10,
Jackson showed great leadership skills during this time and earned widespread fame as a military hero. His luck took a turn when he lost the election to Adams, but he rallied and came out on top. In Andrew Jackson’s early years he lived in South Carolina with a mother and two brothers. The Carolinas were invaded by the British in 1780-1781 and during this
Also on that day, Fort San Miguel was capitulated and the British then moved to Fort San Carlos. General Jackson intended to capture Fort San Carlos the following day; however, the British destroyed the fort during the night and run away. On November 14, 1814, Andrew Jackson said to Willie Blount, “…Tremendous explosions told me that the Barancas with all its appendages was blown up…I determined to withdraw my troops, but before I did I had the pleasure to see the British depart.” Very few men were injured or killed in this squabble between the Americans and the British and Spanish. Although this battle was not a very serious one, some historians have said that it was very important in the United States winning the War of 1812. If General Jackson and his men had not run British out of Pensacola so quickly, the British may have had time to plan and take Mobile and possibly New Orleans as well.
Congress however approved the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms the following day. In March 1776, Washington placed the British in an indefensible position in the city of Boston, which led the British to evacuate. "The American forces ' early successes bolstered their confidence even as Britain continued to lose whatever colonial support remained (pg115). " The British navy then attacked and burned down the town of Falmouth Maine in October 1775. Such cruelty outraged even those moderate colonists who held out hope for reconciliation with Britain.
Burgoyne was then attacked by the Continental Army without the aid of Clinton’s army (Allen 75). Because Burgoyne was left alone to fight the Continental army, without the aid of Clinton’s army, the Americans prevailed in the Battle of Saratoga. As Taylor was caught with Clinton’s letter, the Americans were able to prepare for battle. Clinton’s use of espionage
The Americans, resenting the lack of colonists in parliament, regularly made protests to the British government about receiving the same rights as normal British citizens (History.com N.A, 2009). Various disputes ensued, until a group of delegates including George Washington, met in 1774 to raise their complaints about the British crown. This “congress” did not go as far as demanding independence, but it condemned the taxation that the colonists had no say in. Less than a year later, on April 19th, the first shots of the American Revolution were fired (History.com N.A, 2009). As a result of this, America achieved independence and lost Britain a precious colony where it could send its
In this excerpt from the declaration of independence, it introduce how the British government didn 't listen to any of the americans demands and thats why they wanted to become one. Demands so simples as the stamp act that imposed that all americans had to paid taxes in every piece of paper they used, was a shock for them because after years of being free, to one day to another, England without any resources of money, they remember that they had the control of the colonies to get money from, and that 's where they started to tax them to paid the debt of wars they have been in to. Therefore people felt like the British weren 't treating them as humans beings, because
2 soldiers were guilty of manslaughter, but were later released after being branded The Seditious Committee of Correspondence British acts were not following through. King George III (1770) was attempting to assert the power of the British monarchy.. good man but bad ruler- surrounded himself with “yes men” (LORD NORTH) Townshend Acts failed to produce revenue & non importation acts were hurting the British Sam Adams organized the committees of correspondence (first in 1772, but later they were in 80 different towns) Function: spread resistance and British opposition Evolved in America’s first congresses Tea Brewing in Boston The dispute over tea taxes finally settled down, but then the British East India Company faced bankruptcy and had 17 million pounds of unsold
A few troops from either side were killed or wounded, but the colonists remain victorious in this battle. The Battle of Trenton was one of the battles that was a major turning point in the result of the war. The American colonists were forced to move out of New York City and off to somewhere else. The British had reclaimed the city. On December 26, 1776, Washington had made a plan to attack, knowing it was Christmas.
The founding fathers wrote the Declaration of Independence because they were trying to persuade the poor in hope to unite all colonists against the British. The declaration was written in June 1776 by Thomas Jefferson but not approved till July 4th, 1776 by Congress of 26 commitee members. These committee members were wealthy, upper class and educated englishmen who were affected the most by the King 's actions towards the colonies. In the declaration it states, “He has broken up certain legislatures that opposed him and refused to let others be elected”(grievances 5&6). This is one example of how the most actions by the King were directed to the upper class, therefore making them want to break away from Britain the most.
The British contended that it was only fair they should help pay. Over the next 12 years, British tried to tax the Americans again, however the Americans refused to pay. The British tried a variation of means. Through law and also by force, to endeavor the Americans to obey. In conclusion, war broke out in 1775 between Britain and the American colonies.
He also made statements towards Britain taxes and was sent to Quebec on a job from Congress. When he returned he was not in time to vote for independence but he did sign the declaration and while he signed Ben Franklin said outloud a remark about him losing all his money for signing. Ben Franklin was famous because he was not born into money but made his way up on his own. Another man named George Taylor had an even harder start when he came to america like a slave. He worked his way up and became the first to supply the Army with musket balls.