Nicotine and the dozens of other poisonous chemicals in tobacco cause lots of diseases, like heart problems and some kinds of cancer. “ (SIRS). Both of these articles have a reason of why smoking tobacco is bad. Britannica says that tobacco stores have increased by around 80% during the century 2000. The SIRS says that tobacco has killed thousands of Americans and causes diseases like heart problems and some kinds of cancer.
Smoking of cigarette has been identified as the major cause of premature mortality and preventable morbidity worldwide. Every year an estimated 440,000 American lives are claimed by smoking-related diseases. The number include even those who are indirectly affected by smoking such as babies who are prematurely born and victims who are exposed to tobacco’s carcinogens. Over 150 billion US Dollar is spent yearly to cover the health care cost of smoking, another $81.9 billion is budgeted for mortality related loss of productivity and an excess of 75.5 billion is spent on medical expenditure. According to US statistics, an estimated 22.6 million women and 25.6 million men are smokers.
Abstract Introduction: Malignant tumor of the squamous epithelium is known as the squamous cell carcinoma. It has been a major cause of morbidity and morality worldwide. It is causing a major health problem across the world. Among the most common cancers seen in both Indian men and women as can be gauged from the records of the National Cancer Registry Programme. From the clinical point of view squamous cell carcinoma are important.
Pediatric pneumonia is the most common cause of mortality in children. Although , there are cures for this infection , if not detected early , it can pose to be life threatening. Most cases of pediatric pneumonia are found in developing countries like Bangladesh , Nigeria and the Sub Saharan Region. According to WHO , as of 2013 , the causality rate caused by pneumonia is at 2 million, amongst children under the age of five. This dramatically rising number proves that there is a need to understand the etiology of this infection , and determine what factors can be assessed to help in early detection of pneumonia.
When diseases are not managed it is mainly because of globalization. Globalization has increased the urgency and change and changed the way in which nations must protect and promote health, in part due to the growing number of health hazards that increasingly cross national boundaries (Dodgson et al., 2002; Lee, 2002, 2003). These threats include infectious diseases, such as avian flu, swine flu, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), as well as unhealthy imports, such as tobacco, which heighten the risk of many non-communicable and chronic diseases. (Press, 2009) Some other chronic diseases that are not managed are caused by certain risk factors like an unhealthy diet, no physical activity, and tobacco use can cause premature deaths. In order for you to try and manage how to prevent a disease you will need to do some research.
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy contribute to significant maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries. Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia affects 5-10% of all the pregnancies and contributes to 10-15% of maternal deaths worldwide. Estimated case fatality rate due to eclampsia is 14 times higher in developing countries compared to developed countries 1,2. Preeclampsia is a multi-system disorder whose pathophysiology remains unclear. Preeclampsia is defined as a blood pressure of at least 140 mmHg systolic pressure and 90 mmHg diastolic pressure measured on two occasions 6 hours apart, accompanied by proteinuria of at least 300 mg per 24 hours, or at least 1+ on dipstick testing after 20 weeks3.
Millions of people have faced with living-and-death issue due to constant use of contaminated water. Polluted water source causes the deleterious impact on the community. The common consequence is the rising rate of people at higher risk of acute and chronic diseases relating to water pollution such as dermatitis, digestive diseases, diarrhea, and cancer has risen. In several regions, patients diagnosed with cancer, gynecologic infections account for 40-50% of cases, due to polluted water sources. Polluted water and poor sanitation claim the lives of about 9,000 people per year in Vietnam, according to the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
International Diabetes Federation (2003) estimated that the impaired glucose tolerance was as high as the diabetes in all regions. Costs of diabetes care are alarmingly high. The incidence of depression is higher in diabetics and diabetes is one of the risk factor for depression (Paeratakul et al, 2002; Robbins et al, 2001; Katon, 2010). Assessment of risk factors and signs and symptoms of complications of diabetes are needed to be assessed. As well creating awareness regarding prevention of complication and self-care management is more important.
These pollutants affect humans, animals, plants and atmosphere. Their effects are indeed many and wide-ranging. The excessive levels of pollutants cause a lot of damage to human and animal health. For example air pollution reduces the lung functioning, cause irritation of mouth, throat, eyes and nose, asthma, respiratory symptoms like coughing and wheezing.Air pollutants like sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen etc increases the respiratory diseases and reduces the energy level.Similarly water pollution causes many waterborne diseases like amoebiasis,hookworm,giardiasis,ascariasis and typhoid. The polluted water can damage the nervous system, liver, DNA and kidney.
Enteric fever (Typhoid fever) is a systemic disease mostly occurs in developing countries and continues to be a major public health problem. [1,2] It is caused by dissemination of Salmonella typhi or Salmonella paratyphi serotypes A, B and C. Enteric fever is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, causing an estimated 27 million cases with 200000-600000 deaths annually.  The subcontinent India bears the brunt of the disease both in terms of absolute number of cases and drug resistant strains. [3,11] The annual incidence is highest (>100 cases/100000 population) in south-central and southeast Asia; medium (10-100 cases/100000 population) in the rest of Asia, Africa, Latin America and Oceania (excluding Australia and New Zealand);