Up until the 19th century, trauma meant something psychical. Once limited to bodily wounds, trauma, in its contemporary understanding, is now also recognized as an injury to the mind, soul, or spirit. Though Sigmund Freud’s views of trauma evolved over time, what remains essential from his studies of “hysteria” and “shell-shock” is the inability of the mind to perceive the traumatic event as it occurs, resulting in a structure of delayed understanding. The traumatic memory cannot be processed on a linguistic level and as a result, surfaces through as somatosensory and involuntary responses. Studying these forms of embodied memory led those like French psychologist Pierre Janet to make the careful distinction between narrative and traumatic memory.
The Nazis were a legion of sadistic mass murderers who exploited various forms of torture to annihilate all people who they considered lesser to them. Their manic killing spree was fueled by their determination for purity in the world. This was an event known as the Holocaust. The Nazis had a diverse group of victims, ranging from Jews, gypsies, and homosexuals. The Holocaust was led by Adolf Hitler, who strived for pure Germans, or aryans, to rule in a world free of those deemed unworthy.
Explain genre theory and, using Chapter 4 of the text as a reference, thoroughly describe the conventions and attributes of your selected genre. Genre is the term given to the grouping framework that is utilized by the film business to order films as per the subject of the story. Our content, Film: From watching to seeing (Goodykoontz, 2014), records the most well-known types as westerns, gangster, riddles, film noir, repulsiveness, dream, sci-fi, lighthearted comedy, and melodic. There are sure wanted elements of every classification of film, and this is the thing that the movie producers use to arrange their film into its respected category. These same components are additionally expected by the group of onlookers and are regularly what attracts
Some protestant leaders such as Niemoller challenged the Nazis and set up the Confessional Church to oppose Hitler’s Reich Church. This however proved that Hitler wasn’t in control of all aspects of Germany because there were people who were ready to go against him, and did not fear him. Moreover, The Catholic Church, signed a Concordat with Hitler saying they would stay out of politics if the Nazis left them alone. The Nazis then betrayed the Concordat, and banned the Catholic Youth, they removed church symbols from classrooms before taking control of church schools, which angered The Catholic Church. The Catholic Church then replied by criticising Hitler in a papal message “With Burning Concern”.
INTRODUCTION The ambition of this literature review is to shed light on Paul Celan, who is arguably the most prominent Jewish poet after 1945. More specifically, this review will examine the poet’s outspoken attitude towards the sense of loss, which will greatly influence his literary works. The following review consists of two sections, this is due to the topic’s difficult nature. The first section will focus on Celan’s relevant biography, whereas the second section will provide an insight into the poet’s struggle with the concept of loss. At the end of this analysis, the reader will have a coherent answer to the question: what is Paul Celan’s attitude towards the concept of loss and how is this integrated into his poetry?
The Jews were considered “bloodsuckers” and “parasites”, and they were too different genetically, physically, and spiritually (Bareth, Karl and Alfred Vogel). The Nazis built camps for both groups and made it their priority to kill as many individuals from each group as they could. The primary difference between the disabled Germans and the Jews was that the disabled Germans were first only subjected to sterilization, while the Jews were murdered. In the beginning, the disabled Germans were sterilized in order to prevent them having children and passing down the less valuable traits ("Law for the Prevention of Offspring with Hereditary Diseases (July 14, 1933)." The Nazis transferred to mass murder when parents of disabled German children asked for euthanasia instead of sterilization (“Introduction to Nazi Euthanasia”).
Hitler devised a long systematic plan that went on to wipe out 6 million European Jews, two-thirds of the Jewish population (Strahinich 7). Nations across the world saw this evil and banded together to fight against Germany and their Nazi party, with the goal to liberate the Holocaust prisoners and bring an end to Hitler’s cruel ways (Byers Overview 101). The Holocaust is a time in history when millions of people were persecuted in Europe by being sent to live in ghettos and eventually being deported to concentration camps where they were systematically annihilated until the Allied forces liberated the remaining survivors. Jews were not treated the same as other German citizins by the Nazi party. This act of hatred or maybe even racism was called Anti-Semitism.
A trauma narrative is written by people who experience some sort of trauma and need to get out and over it. The need to express themselves urges the trauma survivor to talk about their thoughts and memories which they can no longer bear. This process not only helps the person to let out what they have learnt out of the bitter experiences they have undergone; but also organizes their thoughts, helping their memories to become more orderly. Being aware of the fact that Woolf has written this novel and also her medical background in mind, ‘Mrs Dalloway’ can be viewed as a trauma narrative at three different levels. Another fact to keep in mind while looking at the novel as a trauma narrative is the historical background.
The SS played a big role in trying to remove every single Jew from Europe. Nazi Propaganda was a way to try to force people to think about a certain way and to spread the ideals of National Socialism. National Socialism included racism, antisemitism, and anti Bolshevism. When Hitler came into power, he aimed to ensure that the Nazi message was communicated successfully through art, music, theater, films, books, radio, educational materials, and the press. Euthanasia is the practice of ending life to relieve pain and suffering.
Hitler was determined to bring this unruly organization under control. (History 323/The Holocaust) Founded in 1925, the “Schutzstaffel,” German for “Protective Echelon,” initially served as Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler’s (1889-1945) personal bodyguards, and later became one of the most powerful and feared organizations in all of Nazi Germany. Heinrich Himmler (1900-45), a fervent anti-Semite like Hitler, became head of the Schutzstaffel or SS, in 1929 and expanded the group’s role and size. (History/The SS) The Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei) was Nazi Germany’s feared secret police force. The Gestapo’s main purpose was to punish and look for those considered a threat to Nazi Germany.