Santiago, Melchizedek, the Englishman, and the Alchemist himself play a very big role in the novel, “The Alchemist” by Paulo Coelho. Santiago begins to have a reoccurring dream about going after his personal legend and going to the pyramids to find treasure. He goes to a gypsy to help interpret his dream more in depth. As she convinces him to follow his personal legend he meets an old man by the name of Melchizedek who is the king of Salem and pushes him to go after his dream and also gives him two stones that help him read omens. After he begins his journey to find his personal legend he gets robbed and works for a crystal merchant for a year.
Firstly, man continuously strives to define this enigmatic “undefined” phenomenon. Second that this quality prevents it from being “outdated” so the discussion over existentialism remains open till the end. General Definitions: Despite the difference in outlook it is noticeable that the works of Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre and Camus share key themes and ideas like that of freedom, authenticity, alienation, angst and absurdity. These recurring principles form the basis of existentialism and aid in defining it in general terms. Some general definitions of the term are as follows: “Existentialism is the theory that humans are free and responsible for their own actions in a world without meaning.”(Oxford Dictionary, 2006) That “confronts the human situation in its totality, to ask what the basic conditions of human existence are and how man can establish his own meaning out of these conditions.” (William Barrett, 1958) Philosophically, it is “a vision of the condition and existence of man, his place and function in the world and his relationship or lack of one with God.” (J.A.Cuddon,
While at the Oasis of Al-Fayoum, the elder chieftain of the oasis tells Santiago the story of Joseph of Egypt. Joseph was enslaved for being a dreamer, but he persevered and managed to become an important counselor to the Pharaoh of Egypt. This Personal Legend could have suited Santiago because of his connection to the Soul of the World. The Soul of the World is a spiritual unity that binds all forms of nature together. Santiago knew he wanted to follow his dreams; it was helpful when he learned that “When you want something, all the universe conspires to help you achieve it” because he knew he was now destined to complete his goal, and not somebody else’s (Coelho 64).
“Life has no meaning … It is up to you to give it a meaning, and value is nothing but the meaning that you choose.” This is an existentialist quote by Jean-Paul Sartre which helps to explain the beliefs of one who follows this philosophy. Existentialism is a complex philosophy emphasizing the absurdity of reality and the human responsibility to make choices and accept consequences. This philosophy was created during the second world war, when Europe found itself in a crisis of death and destruction. If one follows this philosophy then they believe that they have the power to determine the outcome of their life. There are six pillars of existentialism.
Chemist recounts the tale of a youthful shepherd named Santiago who is ready to discover a fortune beyond anything he could ever imagine. En route, he figures out how to tune in to his heart and, all the more essentially, understands that his fantasies, or his Individual Legend, are not recently his but rather part of the Soul of the Universe. Santiago is an unassuming shepherd whose wants are few– he needs to be allowed to wander with his sheep, to have some wine in his wineskin and a book in his pack. Destiny intercedes, in any case, as the repeating long for an awesome treasure concealed a great many miles away at the base of the Egyptian Pyramids. At the point when Santiago meets Melchizedek an interesting insightful man
Santiago strived to find his personal legend with the help of people he met on the way to find treasure that he is destined to find , just to realize the treasure was where he had fallen asleep in the beginning of the book. Even Though there was three different people who helped santiago find his personal legend, he had to go find it to fill complete. The king helped him first by explaining what a personal legend is. He tells Santiago about good and bad omens and says that it is the shepherd boy's duty to pursue his Personal Legend. Melchizedek then gives Santiago two stones, Urim and Thummim, with which to
Santiago crosses the threshold by selling his sheep and taking a boat to Africa. He is conflicted because, “He had to choose between something he had been accustomed to and something he wanted to have.”(24) Santiago is pushed into this journey. He did not have a chance to fully think it through. He is a baby deer struggling on its new legs. Santiago is willing to take the chance of finding
Majority of the most eye-opening and inspirational thoughts came from a movement called transcendentalism. The people who preached the spread these ideas were known as transcendentalists. These are people who follow the five basic principles of transcendentalism, confidence, simplicity, non-conformity, nature, and self reliance. Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson are the two most important figures of this topic who have influenced many people like Chris McCandless. Throughout the novel Into the Wild, McCandless’ journey is comparable to the works of classic transcendentalists, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau.
After discovering the treasure Santiago decided to go in search for Fatima. He has tousands of spanish gold. And he wanted go and live forever with Fatima. But first he must passed over the big desert. With the power of to saw Fatima he troted along the short trip.