PSYCHOLOGYINDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT BY: YONG SIEN SIEN Introduction Classical conditioning, which was developed by the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov, is the first type of learning wherein an organism responds to an environmental stimulus. Pavlov was a surgeon who was doing experiments on dogs. He noticed that the dogs he kept in his lab would start salivating every time they saw the lab assistant who often fed them, even without being shown any food. From Pavlov’s point of view, clearly, the dogs had learned to associate
personality development is associated with psychological aspects which are included cognitive, behaviour and emotion. It is believed that everybody has their own way to interacting with the other people and with their social environment. There are three components in the nature of personality. The first component stated that the personality reflects individual differences. Every individual have its own characteristics. Second component is a statement that personality is consistent and enduring, and
Several theories exist to explain the process of human development. The following will discuss five individual, influential theories of development and how they relate to age-related milestones throughout the lifespan. Biology and Evolutionary Theories emphasize that the factors that motivate human behaviour are both genetic and biological process, and that they have gradually changed over time through a process of genetic mutation, natural selection, and evolution (Bee, Boyd, & Johnson, 2018).