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Pavlov's Theory Of Classical Conditioning

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Link to reality: Both Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning and Pavlov’s theory of classical conditioning can be used every day in an ECCE setting. Today many school systems and childhood authorities follow Skinner’s and Pavlov’s theory by using the approach of positive reinforcement. This encourages good behaviour in the child making the behaviour more likely to be repeated again as they are rewarded and praised for their efforts in reading, writing and general learning. It is important that children’s efforts in a learning setting are rewarded as this will encourage the child to perform to the best of their ability. School authorities only use negative reinforcement as a last resort. Many preschool teachers make the children aware of …show more content…

“A” refers to antecedent this is the event or trigger of the behaviour. “B” refers to the observed behaviour, be it good or bad and “C” refers to the consequence or the event that immediately follows a response. Many ECCE settings use the “A, B, C,” model by using a reward chart, children who behave well or perform well in the class receive a sticker or place on the chart, this encourages the child to repeat this behaviour in the future. Using positive reinforcement in the classroom sets out guidelines for the children to follow and promotes good behaviour which aids a good learning environment and co-operation between the child and preschool teacher. One of the earliest explanations of language acquisition was proven by Skinner. He proved that for language to develop it needed an environmental influence. Skinner argued that children learn language based on “behaviourist reinforcement principles by associating words with meanings”. The child realises the communicative value of words and phrases when correct utterances are rewarded. In an ECCE setting the preschool teacher helps shape the child’s language by rewarding them when they imitate speech, sounds and …show more content…

In the future I will work on this and try to be more confident and get to know them better. Some of the children took a while to get used to me and this hindered their learning. When they got to know me, they took part in the activities willingly. I also felt I was not confident reading stories to the children as a result of this my voice was low. This is something I will work on in the future, I will practise reading out loud at home and try and project my voice. I sometimes forgot to show the children the pictures in the book as I was reading. In future I will remember to show them as they love seeing them and it helps them understand and connect with the book. Conclusion: In this assignment I explored the behaviourist theorists in great detail in regards to numeracy and literacy. Ivan Pavlov and Burrhus Frederic Skinner are the behaviourist theorists I studied. Pavlov’s theory of classical conditioning became well known, his work encouraged others like Skinner to study and develop his own theory of operant conditioning. The “A,B,C” behaviour model of positive reinforcement is used in many early childhood settings. Skinner believed the best way to understand the behaviour is to look at the cause of the action and its consequence. I observed the ECCE setting for practical examples of numeracy and literacy. I now understand how their theory is used in the everyday ECCE setting, before studying these I

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