This state, known for its rigidly enforced Jim Crow laws and KKK, who had previously bombed 18 places in Alabama. Protests in Birmingham, known as ‘Project C’, were lead by Martin Luther King jnr and were aimed at being peaceful; to undermine the city's rigid segregation system. Sit ins , economic boycotts and meetings (inspired by the boycott in Montgomery) were held while trying to gain equality in Birmingham, however the pivotal moment occurred on 7th April when the Public safety commissioner Eugene Bull Connor reacted to non violent marchers by releasing dogs onto demonstrators and fire hosing them. Images and videos of this event featured globally in the media, consequently provoking outrage due to the sights of unarmed demonstrators who were non-aggressive being attacked by the police. These scenes stimulated a great deal of good by bringing international and national shame on Birmingham.
First, the SCLC confirmed that Birmingham had been practicing institutionalized racism, and then attempted to negotiate with white business leaders there. When those negotiations broke down because of promises the white men broke, the SCLC planned to protest through “direct action.” Before beginning protests, however, they underwent a period of “self-purification,” to determine whether they were ready to work nonviolently, and suffer indignity and arrest. When they decided they could, they then prepared to protest. King was met with unusually harsh conditions in the Birmingham jail. An ally smuggled in a newspaper from April 12, which contained “A call for Unity” a statement made by eight white Alabama clergymen against King and his methods.
With a strong sense of social justice Kennedy began a movement of social change. With the generational and social mentality barriers beginning to be broken down there was a shift in perception amongst the American citizens. On April 4, 1968 in Memphis Tennessee, Martin Luther King was assassinated and killed. This led to race riots all over the States and a surge in violence. The death of such a substantial figure would prompt one of the greatest speeches Robert Kennedy produced in his career, furthering the race relations between white America and black America.
Martin Luther King wanted to spark emotion in both the African American and white audience. He wanted to spark the emotion in the African American for them to join the non-violence movement. Dr. King said, “but there is a type of constructive nonviolent tension that is necessary for growth” to bring emotion in fellow African American to the growth of racial equality. He wanted to spark the emotion in the White community to lessening the aggressiveness by giving insight on the everyday life of the African American. In paragraph 10 he quotes, “But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate-filled policemen curse, kick, brutalize, and even kill your black brothers and sisters with impunity”.
Americans have lost their lives for centuries in exchange for our nation’s freedom, but is every citizen really free? President Lyndon B. Johnson addressed congress following a police beat down during a peaceful protest in Selma, Alabama. The protest led by Martin Luther King became a turning point in American history; attacks on African American’s at Selma sparked reason in the eyes of many. Johnson used his address to Congress as a call to action, his goal was to ensure freedom and equality for all citizens; they shall not face persecution for the color of their skin. “We Shall Overcome” suggests that the text focuses on the constitutionality of the police beat down in Selma, Alabama and the concern of how our nation will overcome the issues of racism.
prison system are African-American, and their voice seems to go undetected since the enforcement of Rockefeller drug laws, and even backdating to the slavery era. Political activists such as Martin Luther King, Jr. and Angela Davis fought for their rights, and made the people more aware of this predated complex toward African-Americans that was determining the fate of African-Americans throughout the U.S. The FBI attempted to silence known African-American activists by publicly defaming them, and scaring Americans into feeling threatened by people of color. This defamation of African-Americans set the tone for decades to follow, and still haunts African-Americans today. The prison-industrial complex is a corrupt political system that consists of overpowered politicians whose sole ambition is exploiting poor, uneducated, and under-privileged Americans to make money.
The Proclamation has been controversial, but it provided slaves with a sense of independence and liberty, transforming the Civil War into a fight for equality. Lastly, the thirteenth amendment created a civil rights movement that would inspire advocates injustice for all African
Civil rights activists such as Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. had protested for civil rights throughout the most segregated places within the united states of America (at the time). Typically, Dr. King and other civil rights activists were arrested through breaking some unjust law in a moral and humane manner. Dr. King’s arrest in Birmingham CIty, Alabama, was one such famous event, as within the confines of Jail he responded to the bigoted arguments against civil rights. Dr. King achieved this through employing the rhetorical strategies of logical reasoning, appeal to emotion, & anaphora. The first major rhetorical strategy that Dr. King utilizes is an appeal to logos through logical reasoning.
When a federal injunction was put into place to prevent the protest without permission of the city, Martin Luther King Jr. persevered and decided to go on with the campaign. He got arrested for heading the demonstration and was in jail for eight days. When King heard of the eight clergymen who wrote a letter criticizing the direct action campaign, he began to write his well-known Letter from a Birmingham Jail. One of the tactics he uses to get people to agree with him is he uses emotion to get people’s attention. An example of this comes from paragraph eleven in which the main focus is a lengthy sentence devoted to naming the struggles African Americans endured during that time.
Racial Tension in Michael Brown 's case On August 9, 2014, eighteen-year-old Michael Brown was shot by Darren Wilson in Ferguson, Missouri. The shooting caused protests and has drawn the world’s attention because Michael Brown was an unarmed black man while Darren Wilson is a white police officer. People believe Michael Brown’s shooting involves a racial tension between blacks and whites since Brown was unarmed and surrendered. In Ferguson, the majority of people are African Americans, and the majority of police officers are white. On the night of the shooting incident, Brown was walking home and confronted by Wilson because Wilson thought Brown was suspicious.
Political Law enforcements and extremist groups were involved in protests. In Jackson, Riders attempted to use “whites only” locations then were arrested for Breach of Peace and Refusal to Obey and Officer. Kennedy called the Riders “unpatriotic,” because they embarrassed the nation as images reflected the damages. Local officials decided no pictures of harmed Freedom Riders would occupy front pages on media. Social The Freedom Riders illustrated an evolution in the strategies used during the Civil Rights Movement.
The main cause of the riots that took place in Ferguson is the fact that Mike Brown was brutally gunned down by a white police office while he was unarmed and hands up. This angered people and was seen as a modern day lynching. His people wanted to be heard, they wanted what happened to be recognized. In order to be known that the situation will not be left
Southern leaders were outraged; the 44 teachers who supported the “nine” lost their jobs. Eisenhower explained that he did what he did not to favor integration, but to obey the federal law. (Roark, P. 924) What set civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s apart from earlier acts of black protest was its widespread presence in the South, with a large number of people involved, their willingness to confront the white institutions directly and the use of non-violent protests and civil disobedience to bring about change. The arrest of Rosa Parks in December 1955 is probably the most famous example of this. The African Americans boycotted the bus system in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, the Montgomery bus boycott lasted a full year.
Dr. King relied on patience, while the violence organizations wanted immediate changes. Of course, the violent escalated violent from the antagonists like the police and other government officials; however, the peaceful demonstrators also were brutally attacked. Eugene Robinson explains another example of disintegration in the modern black community in the book “Disintegration”; the author argues a social disintegration in the black community. He begins by introducing that the black America as we once knew it, has shifted from one to four. Robinson divides black American into four groups: the mainstream middle class, the abandoned minority with less hope and access to resources, the transcendent elite with wealth and power and the emergent group.
By dissociating himself from the police, King implies he is moral rather than immoral, convincing King’s audience protest is justified against immoral people and social equality is moral rather than immoral. King also includes his audience in his letter, once stating “we will reach the goal of freedom” (King 1). King includes his audience in the idea of freedom for African Americans. He implies that freedom of King’s people is connected to the freedom of everyone just by using the pronoun ‘we’. King allows his audience to believe in a better future and also to connect with King’s people, unifying the country and promoting social equality.