It also helps the teacher to demonstrate achievement of the learning outcomes. Effective learning involves the learner’s interaction with people other than the teacher and with the resource provided by the teacher. The teaching techniques that is associated with effective learning are: - Modelling -
Stations or centers might be teacher-led if new knowledge is to be given or student-led if mastery is to be obtained on the information given by the teacher. Project-based is another strategy and one of the best ways to differentiate instruction due to the students’ needs and styles are addressed. Projects internalize help and support among students beside some academic skills. Tiered Activities, on the other hand, are based on the learning tasks designed at different levels of complexity according to students’ readiness levels, i.e. to be gradually given to the students ,whenever the student finishes one stage, they transfer to the other one until the task is done, or at times keeping the learning outcomes same the learning tasks can be designed according to students’ learning preferences viz.
This has led to us to believe that the best way to learn is by having students construct their own knowledge instead of having someone construct it for them. As teachers we need to think different ways on how can we deliver our daily teaching in such a way that it empowers students through ownership of knowledge and allows for constructivist learning. I’ve noticed that in their age, cooperative learning is appropriate. Students can benefit from working with peers. Cooperative learning helps students develop the skills they will need later for education success.
There is collaboration, communication and equal interaction amongst students and teacher instead of teacher exclusivity. The pros are that students learn important communicative and collaborate skills, directing their own learning, asking questions, independent task completion and are more motivated in the learning activities. The cons are that classrooms might often be noisy, difficulty in managing all student’s activities at once, important information or facts may be missed due to instruction not being delivered at once and preference to work alone for some students. The curriculum The central goal for instructors is to develop a curriculum that develops instructional materials and activities that promotes the maximum growth within the learners. Multidimensional area of investigation that allows the students to explore, discover and make their own choices.
and tend to not be disruptive to their peers. CMCD is to promote responsibility between the teachers and the students regarding the students’ learning (Freiberg et al., 2008). Consistency management refers to how the classroom teacher chooses to set up the environment within the classroom. This includes passing out papers, seating arrangements, personal space usage, taking attendance, and creating a positive environment for students to learn. Cooperative Discipline refers to letting the students take ownership.
Students encourage and support each other, assume responsibility for their own and each other 's learning, employ group related social skills, and evaluate the group 's progress. The basic elements are positive interdependence, face to face interaction, heterogeneous group, clear directions, equal opportunities, a clear set of learning objectives, individual accountability and sufficient time. Human beings are social creatures by nature and cooperation has been used throughout history in all aspects of our lives. Therefore, it follows that cooperative learning groups in schools would be used as a logical teaching
Cooperative learning is generally defined as a teaching arrangement in which small, heterogeneous groups of students work together to achieve a common goal. Students encourage and support each other, assume responsibility for their own and each other 's learning, employ group related social skills, and evaluate the group 's progress. The basic elements are positive interdependence, individual and group accountability, face to face interaction, interpersonal and small group social skills and group interaction processing. Human beings are social creatures by nature and cooperation has been used throughout history in all aspects of our lives. Therefore, it follows that cooperative learning groups in schools would be used as a logical teaching
Teachers can reflect on each student’s level of achievement, as well as on specific inclinations of the group, to customize their teaching plans., after receiving this information. Assessment is used as a research to find out as much as they can about what their students know, and what confusions, and prejudgment, or gaps they might have. Continuing assessment provides day-to-day feedback about the learning and teaching process. Assessment can reinforce the efficacy of teaching and learning. It also encourages the understanding of teaching as a productive process that evolves over time with feedback and input from students.
This can be minimized if the teacher plans the lessons and focus more on student centered learning in accordance with the theory “constructivism”. Constructivist theory emphasizes more on student’s involvement. Constructivist teaching is based on the belief that learning occurs as learners are actively involved in a process of meaning and knowledge construction as opposed to passively receiving information. Learners are the makers of meaning and knowledge. ("Constructivism As A Paradigm For Teaching And Learning") The arrangement of the class which I have observed (seating arrangement as groups) helps the children practice cooperative learning which engages the children in tasks in the class.
Instruction in most subject areas is being altered to include more practical applications of skills and to incorporate a greater focus on the understanding and combining of content and skills. Teachers are able to modify their methods of teaching when following to this way of teaching. Students are more responsible for their education and allows students to assess their own progress. Advocates of performance assessment believe these tests serve as a benchmark for educators and school officials. When students acquire the skills and knowledge, the educators are able to concentrate on teaching students this information.