Early Childhood Education: Theoretical Perspectives Abstract Studies confirm that high-quality education early in a child’s life leads to continued success in school, at work, and results in a healthier well-rounded student who is emotionally and socially strong. In most early childhood programs and schools, technology will be part of the learning background of the future. To make sure this new technology is used effectively, we must confirm that teachers are fully trained and supported. In this paper, theoretical perspectives of child development are discussed with the basic elements of learning program. Introduction “The sooner the better” is the ideal tag line for early childhood education.
The child will search for the answer and try to overcome the obstacle. Once the child has overcome the obstacle, he shall grow and become proud of himself. He will become more mature and begin to understand the world around him. Next, Montessori wants the adults to “ ...wait, and always ready to share in both joy and the difficulties which the child experiences”. The teacher should be proud when the child overcomes the obstacles in front of him.
Early education is considering the fundamental period for brain development. The development brain determines progress in capacity development physical, cognitive, social and emotional on the children. A child who is enjoying the attention, care, patience, play, communication will be willing to learn quickly, to develop his relationships. When we observe child development we have to look after following children development skills: gross motors, fine motors, language, cognitive and social. When we talk about children physical development we have to look after gross and
Piaget believed that the more children that were actively engaged within lessons and had interactive self-initiating learning tools that they would develop into better learners. This can be seen in current practice in the use of more interactive educational software on computers and tablets and allow self-learning and exploring and is supported by the national curriculum. John Bowlby whose theory on Emotional Development contributed greatly to the idea that a childâ€TMs environments shapes and effects learning, development and behaviour. He believed that children who are brought up lovingly by parents/carers are often better equipped to learn and grow
The second principle of Montessori pedagogy is order and structure. In this post, we will discuss some moments that all together form the idea of order in Montessori environment. I hope these components will help you to understand that order plays a huge part in Montessori education. Human is born with the ability to adjust. Child's brain in the period of absorbent mind soaks up everything around him not dividing things at good or bad.
MIDTERM HDFS 201 1. The overall idea surrounding Piaget’s Cognitive Development theory is that development is solely dependent upon maturation. Piaget believed that people simply developed as they got older, without environmental factors affecting development. The concrete operational stage explains cognitive development in children that are seven to twelve years old. Children this age display logic skills, the ability to apply rules and categories, and are able to infer.
She observed in young children the situation she called absorbent mind. Children learn from their everyday surroundings. ”The most important period of life is not the age of university studies, but the period of birth to age six”. She studied that between conception to age four, 50% of mature intelligence is developed and from ages four to eight 30% is developed. In Montessori schools the teacher in the classroom allows every child to pick activities which interest them [Montessori country school, 2017].
Social pedagogy brings together theories from psychology, sociology and education to create a holistic way of working with children and young people. The holistic approach to a childâ€TMs development deals with them through spiritual life, school, health, family and friendships. Question: Question 5 Answer: Monitoring children and young peopleâ€TMs development can be done in the following ways Assessment frameworks- This is the way that children are assessed to determine whether they are in need, what those needs are and how those needs can be met. There will also be formal observations to back up the assessment framework and it will be reported back to the teacher. Using this information means that the childâ€TMs best interests can be met in development.
It is a very fun way of learning, while it is also educational. Montessori has many perks to its system, including being able to work in a group with other students, or working on your own. Also, students have been proven to do better in some subjects, compared to non-Montessori students. According to Samarrai, "Among the 5-year olds, Montessori students proved to be significantly better prepared for elementary school in reading and math skills than the non-Montessori children (par. 9)."
While Montessori was at this school she was able to introduce many of her ideas regarding the education of young children. Montessori has a number of philosophies which they are observation, absorbent mind, sensitive periods, prepared environments, materials, work cycle, three-period lesson, curriculum, role of the Montessori teacher, normalization and deviation, discipline and the role of