Pedometer Literature Review

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Literature Review: The role of a pedometer in promoting physical activity in children. “Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that re-quires energy expenditure” (WHO, 2015). In modern childhood obesity has become a distress-ing national health concern. One in five children in Ireland is considered to be obese with lev-els of obesity acknowledged proportions in recent years (INMO, 2012). In many countries throughout the world the concern in children is increasing rapidly. Focusing on children’s food intake and physical activity is a major research priority in preventing its development from an early age. The use of pedometer is to count and monitor the number of steps taken throughout a period of time, most pedometers provide an accurate count of steps during an activity such as walking, jogging and running (Heyward, 2014). According to most studies, they show that pedometer-based experiments increase physical activity for baseline. In a synthesis of studies addressing the use of pedometers to increase physical activity, one study by Heyward (2014) expressed that on average there is a 27% increase in physical activity levels due to pedometers over baseline levels. A major predictor of increased physical activity is by setting a step goal, for example 10,000 steps per day for participants. Other significant benefits for pedometer-based walking programs are a decline in Body Mass Index, systolic blood pressure and body weight. In a

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