In the opening year of the Peloponnesian War, 431 B.C.E., Pericles delivered, and according to Plato may not have written, a speech praising Athenian democracy while also remembering all the Soldiers that had died in the service of Athens. He took the opportunity to reinforce the Athenian constitution and to let people know that the deaths of their Soldiers was justified to uphold the democracy. Pericles cites that when Athens goes to war it goes alone. He goes onto to say that when other countries go to war against Athens that they must bring their “confederates” (Funeral Oration of Pericles) with them if they are to stand a chance at victory.
Pericles was an Athenian Statesman born in 495 BC in a small town named Holoros, north of Athens. He came from a family of rich Aristocrats, and was deeply involved with changing the structure of Greek government. In 461 BC, Pericles was pronounced the leader of Athens. He created laws that allowed every citizen to be a part of the government, and laws that balanced the rich and the poor. Pericles strengthened Athens by creating and introducing direct democracy to them, and also by valuing their arts and literature.
Considering that both speeches used logos, Pericles’ Funeral Oration presented a better logical appeal because he brings forth hypothetical examples. In the speech, Pericles says " I would ask you to count as gain the greater part of your life, in which you have been happy, and remember that what remains is not long," ( page 77, 32-34), he creates a valid argument using logic saying if you are sad because your son died just remember the parts of your life where you were happy and don’t worry because you don’t have much left to live. Furthermore, Susan B. Anthony uses logos too, for example, “It was, we the people; not we, the white male citizens… but we, the whole people, who formed the Union” (Copeland 321), she uses logos to emphasize how
In the year 461 BC, after the ostracism of the politician Cimon, Pericles started his rule in Athens where he developed Athenian culture, starting with the development of the Delian League to the Athenian Empire. Using the money from the League, Pericles was able to lead the project of the new Parthenon, which allowed Athenians to hone their artistic skill through attention to detail. In his reign, Pericles also allowed for any person no matter what their class may be to watch plays for free, so literature could be widely developed on a greater scale throughout Athens. Following the unsuccessful Ionian Revolt, the Delian League was formed in order to protect the Greeks who were still threatened by Persians. Members of the league were required to pay tax to support the cause and so with the big treasury, Pericles was able to get the money to build a new Parthenon.
Aristotle is the greatest philosopher of antiquity. According to the breadth of his influence on philosophical and scientific thought of antiquity, the Middle Ages and modern times, Aristotle is the figure of exceptional importance. This is not only the breadth of scientific interests of the scientist (a legacy of Aristotle covers the entire spectrum of scientific issues – from global to private philosophy of natural science and humanities), but mostly a special mold of his thoughts, in which subtle analysis is combined with a convincing systematization of concepts and categories (Aristotle and Roberts, 1984). Aristotle (384-322 BC) a great Greek philosopher and scientist, a student of Plato, the founder of the Peripatetic school (Adler, 1997).
Ancient architecture preserves history Two historical monuments with extraordinary architectural stories are rare to find still standing to this day. The Parthenon and the Great Pyramids of Giza are perhaps two of the most magnificent pieces of architecture the world has ever seen. In order to creates a better understanding of the importance of the two ancient structures the differences and similarities of the Parthenon and the pyramids constructions, functions along with relevance both then and now must be explored. The Parthenon and The Great Pyramids of Giza both share some similarities about the creation process behind them as well as some differences.
As a recurring ritual in the civic life of Athens, the Panathenaic Procession was an important way an Athenian citizen would understand their identity. The relief can be seen as an image of Athenian citizenship. The frieze focuses on the Athenian males. The only women, except for the goddesses on the east end, are the group of maidens. The males included cover a range of age from young men to the elders.
Many inspirational figures, speeches have started movements and even won some debates. Speeches are the best ways of commutation to an audience. Rhetoric is a way of persuading people to do want you say or do. There are different forms of Rhetoric; ethos, pathos, and additionally logos. In the play Julius Caesars by Shakespeare after Caesar’s death, Antony and Brutus must persuade the society to believe them after Caesar’s assassination.
Rhetoric is the art of effective argumentation and discourse and is the study and art of speaking and writing well, being persuasive and knowing how to compose engaging writing and presentations. From political debates, face book posts to 140 character tweets Rhetoric is actively shaping our experience and the world in which we live in. The quote attributed to the poet and philosopher George Santayana (1863 –1952). "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." These words hold true when we think of the world we currently live in, of investing in education, in ourselves and striving to become better in what we do, influence others and find our way in this world.
This war was between the Athenian empire and the Peloponnesian league. The war was divided into 3 distinct phases, the first phase was the Archidamin war, during this phase Athens ordered attack, after attack after attack on Attica. the second phase was the Sicilian war and the last and final phase was the Ionian (Decelean war). The main reason for the start of this war was because the Spartans were scared that the Athenians were growing in power and that they controlled most of the Mediterranean region form Greece to Hellas. According to Thucydides, this was not the only factor that caused the war.
In his Eulogy delivered before the Athenians in 431 BCE during the Great Peloponnesian war, Pericles states, “We alone do good to our neighbors not upon a calculation of interest, but in the confidence of freedom and in a frank and fearless spirit.” In this quote, Pericles is communicating the idea that Athenians perform good deeds and help other polies not to benefit from it but for the sake of democracy and chivalry. The Eulogy of Pericles is accurate to a minimal extent because, while on the one hand the Athenians offered protection to their allies, on the other hand they took advantage of them and attacked mercilessly. The idea of chivalry stated in the Eulogy of Pericles should be considered an accurate reflection of Ancient Athens because the Delian league was created in order
Made popular in light of Antigone, was chosen into high office, Pericles was the pioneer amid the era, was a dear companion of Pericles political adversary, however then he likewise got to be companions with Pericles. Sophocles needed to broaden majority rule government. Antigone had topics of custom versus nature that were impacted by occasions throughout his life. Sophocles was one of the immense three unfortunate dramatists and was very refined having composed 123 plays in his lifetime. The imperialistic part implied that there would be riches and influence to appreciate, yet this happiness likewise must be constrained by the law.