Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Case Study

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1 Introduction 1.1 Pelvic floor dysfunction is a problem Pelvic floor dysfunction is a substantial cause of suffering among women of all age group. It is largely ignored due to lack of awareness and hidden due to cultural background. Globally, it affects at least one third of women (Scherf et al, 2002). The women usually do not vocalize their symptoms especially if it is related to their reproductive function. Many women are too embarrassed to talk about it, some believe it to be untreatable and many women think that it is a natural process of ageing. Reluctance to express, embarrassment, culture, dependant on husband and families for treatment, poor economic background, fear of surgery and pain are reasons for non- consultation (Singh…show more content…
It challenges their pelvic floor and leads to weakness. Moreover the pelvic organ prolapse through vagina will be more in this position. The Women with prolapse has difficulty in walking, sitting, lifting and squatting. They feel heaviness in the perineum associated with low back ache and also have fear that pelvic organs may fall out through vagina. It affects the performance of daily household work and challenges the quality of life. People with incontinence complaints that they had to change and wash inner wears frequently, use the toilet very often, feel more isolated, embarrassed, frustrated, depressed with low self-esteem because of the fear of leaking urine and feeling unclean. They avoid going out door and isolates themselves from recreational activities and family get together. The sexual life of women is usually affected because it causes discomfort and pain in the pelvic area and leaking of urine or gas during sexual intercourse causes embarrassment. Because of these problems they lose the intimacy with their family members. Thus their quality of life is profoundly affected (khattab et al, 1992). 1.2 Definition of pelvic floor dysfunction Female pelvic floor dysfunction is a broad term applied to a wide variety of clinical conditions such as urinary incontinence, anal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapsed, sexual dysfunction and chronic pelvic pain caused by the weaknesss or injury caused to the muscles and connective tissues of the pelvic floor. Only the first three occurs commonly (Salmon et al, 1995; Guri Rortveit et al, 2010). 1.3 Prevalence of pelvic floor
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