The first experiment was a Synthesis reaction, this was done by burning the substance magnesium; the substances reacted to form one compound, which ended up being heavier than the first original mass of the magnesium, the final product was known as magnesium oxide. The second experiment that was conducted was the Decomposition reaction, which actually eliminated chemical elements by burning them off, therefore reducing the weight of the final product by 1.673 grams. The third experiment was known as single displacement, by adding the chemical hydrochloric acid to zinc it created a chemical reaction which actually increased the temperature, as well as the pressure within the flask. The last experiment that was conducted was known as double displacement, this experiment involved the exchange of bonds, between the two sodium hydroxide and nickel. The Nickel was forced to group together when it was placed into the sodium hydroxide, instead of mixing with the compound it would rather keep to
Three metals ions are Magnesium, Iron, and Nickel. Iron is used in the sea with iron rich minerals, for substances. Iron was also used in the formation of earth. Magnesium is used in cells of every organism. It helps balance out the functions within the cells. Nickel is used for light absorption in natural environments. Nickel is also used in rings for a cheap substance rather than silver or gold.
The purpose of the lab is to acquire the percent composition of zinc and copper. The procedure included obtaining a post 1983 penny and washing it with soap and water. Using a triangular file, we made an X on the penny. Then, we cleaned the top and bottom of the penny with steel wool until it was shiny. We rinsed the penny in acetone and dried it with paper towel. Next, we determined the mass of the penny by placing it on a balance. The mass of the penny was 2.47 grams. Afterwards, we placed the penny in a beaker filled with 20 mL of 6 M HCl. In the end we put the beaker in the fume hood and allowed it to sit overnight. During day two of the penny lab, we removed the penny skin from the beaker using tweezers. We rinsed the penny skin with
1. Free ears in dogs are controlled by dominant allele (F), and attached ears are controlled by the recessive allele (f). In addition, Short dogs is due to a dominant allele(S), and long hair is due to a recessive allele (s). Which of the following is the genotype of the dogs with free ears and short hair?
To start this experiment the first step is to equip a 500-mL three-neck round bottom flask with a reflux condenser, dropping funnel, glass stopper, and a calcium chloride drying tube. Place a heating mantle under the flask in order to aid stirring. Next, grind 0.0411 moles of magnesium turnings and place them into the flask. Once added, prepare a 1.1 equivalent of bromobenzene, and then
Stoichiometry is a method used in chemistry that involves using relationships between reactants and products in a chemical reaction, to determine a desired quantitative data. The purpose of the lab was to devise a method to determine the percent composition of NaHCO3 in an unknown mixture of compounds NaHCO3 and Na2CO. Heating the mixture of these two compounds will cause a decomposition reaction. Solid NaHCO3 chemically decomposes into gaseous carbon dioxide and water, via the following reaction: 2NaHCO3(s) Na2CO3(s) + H2O(g) + CO2(g). The decomposition reaction was performed in a crucible and heated with a Bunsen burner. The study of Green Chemistry emphasizes the reduction of hazards to human health and the larger environment, as well as
The percent recovery of the copper was calculated using the equation, percent recovery = (the mass of the copper recovered after all the chemical reactions/the initial mass of the copper) x 100. The amount of copper that was recovered was 0.32 grams and the initial mass of the copper was 0.46 grams. Using the equation, (0.32 grams/0.46 grams) x 100 equaled 69.56%. The amount of copper recovered was slightly over two-thirds of the initial amount.
The molarity of a solution is the ratio of the number of solutes dissolved in a liter of solution. To figure out the needed mass (in grams) of NaOH pellets to be dissolved in a 0.25 L of water, remember that a mole is equivalent to the quotient of mass over the molar mass of the substance. This was used to rearrange the base formula and to derive the mathematical equation of mass in terms of molarity.
The objectives of this experiment were to use knowledge of chemical formulas and chemical nomenclature to experimentally determine the empirical formula of copper chloride. Common laboratory techniques were used to conduct a reaction between copper chloride and solid aluminum in order to get rid of the water of hydration. The amount of water of hydration in the sample of copper chloride hydrate was calculated by measuring the mass before and after heating the sample. Afterwards, an oxidation-reduction reaction was conducted, resulting in elemental copper. Using the Law of Definite Proportions, the mass of this product was used to determine the number of moles of copper and chlorine in the sample, which led to being able to determine the
1)The purpose of this lab was to compare the physical properties of different types of solids and how the properties of solids are determined by their intermolecular forces and their intramolecular bonds. Then we were to classify each type of solid as either ionic, metallic, non-polar molecular, polar molecular, or network. Paraffin wax classified as a non-polar molecular, Silicon dioxide was classifies as a network, Sodium chloride was classified as ionic, Sucrose was classified as polar molecular and Tin was classified as metallic.
Background Information/Introduction: The aim of this lab is to determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide by converting magnesium to magnesium oxide. As an alkali earth metal, magnesium reacts violently when heated with oxygen to produce magnesium oxide and magnesium nitride as a byproduct. In order to obtain only magnesium oxide, distilled water was added so that magnesium nitride will react and convert to magnesium hydroxide. Further heating then oxidizes all of the magnesium into magnesium oxide. After the reaction is finished, the percentage composition of each element in the product can be found and used to calculate the empirical formula, which is the lowest whole number ratio