This brings up the questions; “What constitutes evil or the punishment of sin?” In addition to, “What is evil exactly?”. Evil is a phenomenon experienced as a result of society’s teachings; what behavior is okay or, in a religious sense, approved by God; people experience evil when they fail to meet the conventional definition of evil. People look for justification as to why evil exists in the world and often struggle to comprehend why innocent people suffer. People desire things to be explainable and the ability to see cause and effect.
During the Middle Ages, the Roman Catholic Church was one of prestige and honor. The fact that this was all really a façade. It was really a time of less faith and more corruption. ” The Roman Catholic Church was theologically sick and its theology led to atrocious corruptions. It was spiritually exhausted, enfeebled and almost lifeless.
The intellectual post-apocalyptic novel The Chrysalids by John Wyndham mentions Alan Ervin, a minor character that causes tremendous havoc. Alan follows the rules set for Waknuk, blindly. He believes that the Norm in Waknuk is “The Will of God”. Ervin will harm abnormal people, to uphold his teachings.
However, true Christianity comes with knowing that we are and never will be perfect, but that God is strong in our weaknesses. Therefore, there is really no reason for the minister to be hiding behind his veil. Another example of irony in “The Minister’s Black Veil” comes with the initial reaction of the people. At first, they look at their own minister and the veil he is wearing in horror (Hawthorne 281).
When Offred was accompanied by Nick she was relieved, but also suspected him to be an Eye. Lastly, both governments believe the only way to achieve this control is through fear, explaining the strict rules and monitoring of the people. This is portrayed through both
They say that his dignity would be lost. People think that he was judged because of his religion. This could lead to the fear of losing his dignity. This is untrue because it does not matter what the world around us thinks, it only matters what God thinks. People also assume that with the hard life Charles was already living, it would be to mentally draining to live with the criticism of unbelievers.
The superiors in the Waknuk society despise campaign for conformity in the sense that they discriminate and condemn mutation as they see it as an abomination towards the society’s rights and regulations. The people in authority assume that having more powers over other citizens automatically makes them right. The persons born with deviations are castigated and
The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood among Ghosts by Maxine Hong Kingston, is a story of an American daughter of Chinese immigrants. The story in this book reflects on Kingston’s childhood memory of growing up among the ghosts that her mother tells her during her talk-story. There are many stories of ghosts that appear in several forms, both literally and figuratively, in each chapter. There are three primary ghosts that reflect Maxine’s struggle to find her identity while growing up in two different cultures, the traditional culture of her Chinese parents and the modern American culture. These ghosts are, “no name woman,” the sitting ghost, and the ghost of China.
This portrait, however, is somewhat flawed as it appears that in Ann’s case at least, the parents of the afflicted must have a strong influence with the child, as did the other adult accusers. Initially, Ann was fed names by her parents and minister”(-Minerdescent). The girls that were tricked into believing that the accused were guilty were most likely convinced that this was pious and that God wanted them to accuse the innocent. Or the girls might be influenced by their religion, reverends, and ministers. “These evil spirits are all around….
“So there has been a Deviation; and deviation, any deviation from the true image is blasphemy - no less. You have produced a defilement.” Due to the laws, people had to report to the governor if they see anyone or anything is deviation, so in Waknuk, discrimination is always happening.(Wyndham 72). Likely, this also shown the principles in Waknuk have blinded the people terribly, people always think it is the punishment from God toward them but actually it is not. People in Waknuk are punished each other as well as from the belief spills of the “Old People” have left, however, these principles made the Waknuk society fall.
Anyone physically different from themselves, the people of Waknuk regard as “abominations” and insulting to the pure image of God based on a fallible old book; Nicholson’s Repentances. Likewise, anyone of a different religious sect, Daesh slaughters with out of context rulings from their religious book. The KKK discriminates against people of colour, regarding them in a very similar way to the way the people of Waknuk regard Deviations. Moreover, calling the Old People’s society (probably secular) a state of “[prevailing] irreligious arrogance” displays their belief that only one way of being is acceptable, and anything else is worthy of punishment (Wyndham 40).
Some believe their physical or mental illnesses are inflicted upon them purposefully by God, because they have done wrong in the eyes of the Lord. Therefore, these individuals “felt that God was punishing them, had deserted them, or did not have the power to make a difference, or felt deserted by their faith community” (Koenig, 2009, p.287). Therefore, they conclude that God is angry with them, and they deserve the punishment. They may feel shunned or neglected by God. Many believe that as a result of this, God will not heal their mental illness through any form of religious therapy.
Change and adaptation are necessities in a growing community. In the novel “The Chrysalids” by John Wyndham, lack of change and diversity in Waknuk causes unnecessary sufferings, which later on leads to their own destruction. The Waknukians obsession over purity and the true image of God prevents them from thriving as a community. Their fear of change causes the betrayal of their loved ones. Eventually, David overcomes old traditions to embrace his abilities and diversity - a quality that many Waknukians do not possess.
Both novel The Chrysalids by John Wyndham and the film "X-Men: First Class" by Matthew Vaughn tell a thrilling and interesting story about mutants and people with supernatural powers. The Chrysalids revolves around a city named Waknuk in Labrador, many years in the future after God sent tribulation which vaguely represents nuclear destruction. Many people started to show abnormalities like an extra toe or extra long limbs, including the animals and plants. To the people of Waknuk, anything that isn't identical to the True Image Of Man is considered a blasphemy and is banished. The story follows a young boy named David Strorm with telepathic powers and the book follows him through his struggles.
John Wyndham’s Warnings to Society In the middle of the twentieth century, many novel-catastrophes were written. The Cold War and the associated arms race frightened and inspired the best writers, including John Wyndham. What did those writers want to tell us, the future generations? Can it be their warning to modern society?