Title: Mendez v. Westminster (1946) Abstract: The Mendez v. Westminster (1946) was the stepping stone to ending school segregation in California. The lawsuit was led by Gonzalo Mendez and five other parents who were denied enrollment of their children in an Anglo school. This led them to protest and then file a class-action lawsuit against the Westminster School District of Orange County California. Accusing them of segregating Mexican and Latin decent students.
Family court may decline to pursue reasonable efforts for reunification if one of the following conditions exist: 1. The parent has subjected any child resident in their home to severe or repeated abuse, severe or repeated neglect, sexual abuse, acts constituted as torture or abandonment. 2. The parent has been convicted or pled guilty or nolo contendere to conspire to commit or committing murder or voluntary manslaughter of another child. 3.
1. Create an applied research project. a. Identify what type of applied analysis you would be conducting (process evaluation, outcome evaluation, needs assessment, or combination of any of these). This is a needs assessment analysis that targeted an old model of issuing identification cards to abuse victims trying to leave their abuser, which was problematic because of the time it took to issue the cards and the methods it employed requiring the victims to prove who they are. This assessment, evaluation of an old government model was to determine if the new model was more effective than the old model for this particular program and if the officials tasked with issuing new and or replacement identification to the women and their families
In the book chapter Culture, Power, and the Discourse of Filial Piety in Japan: The Disempowerment of Youth and Its Social Consequences, Hashimoto articulates well her critical point of view on what she calls “the piety ideology” and its social consequences of among Japan’s youth, giving many examples of youth’s disobedience and resistance against adults, especially parents. She argues that although the family law dissolved Ie system and implemented western ideal of nuclear family, which values equality, individual rights, freedom of choice, and voluntary unions had changed the children’s expectation for their relationship between their parents, the parents’ expectation for the filial piety (Oyakoko) has not changed. As she states the importance of obedience in Japanese family, she explains the details of how Japanese family, especially mother and teachers at school play an important role to create the filial child who understands the value of filial piety though the piety socialization and discourse. To explain how the piety ideology has survived in post-war Japan, she introduces three narratives to understand the piety discourse and its history. First, she states that the sacrificial mother and a strong mother-child tie enhance the reproduction of obedience by exposing child with the interchange of sacrifices between mother
3. The minor’s "right" to control reproduction: The Supreme Court has extended the constitutional right to access contraception to minors, and many states have expressly allowed minors to consent to prescription contraceptive services without parental involvement. When weighing children’s autonomy versus
The verdict in Betts v. Brady was that indigent defendants in non-capital state cases were only obligated to be provided with counsel in special
Felon Disenfranchisement has emerged as popular and topic in recent political agendas. Felon Disenfranchisement is defined as, “The removing of a felon’s civil liberties while incarcerated and/or past their prison sentence” (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2016). Generally, disenfranchisement is seen as a retributive form of punishment. Arguably, the rights that are removed from felons during disenfranchisement are seen as essential to the American Identity. Supporters argue that people that break the law should not partake in the process of it and argue that the potential loss of these basic American civil liberties can provide deterrence.
In Loco Parentis Restricting Student’s Autonomy The Latin phrase “in loco parentis,” which in Latin directly translates to “in the place of a parent,” refers to American universities controlling their student’s actions through discriminatory restraints (Lee 2011, 66). Universities and colleges during the 1960s were regulating student’s personal lives through administrative rules and would take disciplinary action, like expulsion, if broken. “From the mid-1800s through the late 1950s”, courts supported universities acting “in loco parentis” in respects to their students (Lee 2011, 66). Higher educational intuitions where not necessary acting how parents would; they where not honoring students for their academic achievements, but rather they
An injunction for defense against domestic violence, also called a restraining order is a court document that orders the abuser to stop doing certain acts such as abusing you, contacting you or coming near you. It can also give you certain rights, such as, temporary custody of your children. If you have an injunction, and the abuser violates it, the police may arrest him or her for the violation. The Florida law is specific as to who may apply for these injunctions and the procedures that are to be followed when applying for them.
In efforts to completely eradicate child marriages within its society, the Government of India enacted the 'Prevention of Child marriage Act 2006 ', which replaced the earlier legislation of 'Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929. ' This new Act is makes it possible to prohibit for child marriage, protect and provide relief to victim and enhance punishment for those who promote or are invovled in such marriage. This Act also calls upon the need to appoint 'Child Marriage Prohibition Officers ' to implement this act. South Asia Initiative to End Violence Against
Aside from the 1st amendment giving religious freedoms, the 19th amendment gives parents autonomy. The autonomy of this constitutional right is complicated when challenged by the states Paren’s Patriae, “a states right and duty to protect children, evidenced by the requirement to report child abuse or neglect,” (Linnard-Palmer & Kools, 2004, p. 353). As sighted by CHILD (2013), refusing treatment is a recognizable form of neglect of a minor. The courts need to consider both subjective and objective evidence when a case of a minor’s best welfare is being questions; this is known as The Best Interest Doctrine.
These directors were claiming that the ruling that led to their conviction had violated the 14th Amendment, which states citizens’ rights to privacy and equal protections from the laws. Issue: Is there existence of a right in the Bill of Rights allowing married couples to use contraceptives to prevent conception? Decision: Yes.
Ewing Township’s Board of Education established the plan using a New Jersey statute that allowed for that allowed school districts to create their own guidelines for transportation. The private schools in the region were mostly catholic. A state court abolished the program. The New Jersey Court of Errors and Appeals reversed the decision, Everson then went to the Supreme Court (O’Brien 768-769). 3.
The founders of the Constitution knew that it is important to protect citizens from violation of their privacy, especially to the respect of invasion of their homes. Therefore the fourth amendment came into existence to ensure that individuals rights will not be infringed. The fourth amendment and the exclusionary rule has protected individual rights against the police and other government agencies from, unreasonable search and seizures. Furthermore, the exclusionary rule has deterred police misconduct and as well as intended to discourage law enforcement from conducting illegal searches by stating that any evidence found during an illegal search will be dismissed and cannot be used against the defendant in a court of law. The supreme court case, Fremont weeks vs. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that since the evidence gathered during weeks case were through illegal means the court dismissed the case.
(The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated-Staros). Students have many rights; but, it is the right of the school to search students when there is reasonable suspicion of a threat. An example of this is the court case TLO v New Jersey. " T.L.O. was a high school student. School officials searched her purse suspecting she had cigarettes.