Perforated Eardrum Research Paper

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Perforated Eardrum The eardrum is a thin membrane found inside the ear, which detects sound vibrations and helps transmit them to the brain. It also plays an important role in protecting the inner ear from bacteria and other foreign objects. A perforated eardrum (or perforated ear drum) occurs when this membrane is torn or damaged, leading to reduced hearing and possible ear infection. Symptoms of a burst eardrum must not be ignored and medical attention must be sought to protect your hearing and ear health.
Part 1: What Is Perforated Eardrum?
Perforation of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) creates an opening on the thin membrane separating the ear canal from your middle ear. It may occur due to physical trauma, an ear infection, or negative
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However, your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to treat a perforated eardrum. This is usually taken by mouth since ear drops can cause more damage in the ear. You may also be advised to take over-the-counter pain-relievers. These include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which help reduce your pain and inflammation.
2. Surgical Treatment
If a tear in the eardrum does not heal by itself, surgical treatment may be needed to close the large perforation. Techniques may include:

• Eardrum patch. In this office procedure, a medical specialist (ENT) may seal the hole with a patch. The doctor will apply a chemical to the perforated edges to stimulate tissue growth and a patch to cover the hole. This procedure may be done repeatedly before the hole is closed.
• Surgery. This is done if a patch does not lead to proper healing. The most common procedure is tympanoplasty, where the surgeon places a graft of your own tissue on the hole of the eardrum. This office procedure is usually done without anesthesia so you can go home the same day.

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